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2019年08月21日 06:32:31    日报  参与评论()人

大庆市中医医院咨询电话哈尔滨妇幼保健医院做人流最少多少钱The World Bank formally disavowed a report critical of China’s financial sector on Friday and said it would co-invest in projects with the Beijing-led Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank, as its president wrapped up a three-day visit to the Chinese capital.周五,在世界(World Bank)行长结束对北京为期三天的访问之际,该行对一篇批评中国金融业的报告予以了正式否定,并表示将与北京牵头的亚洲基础设施投资(AIIB,简称:亚投行)共同投资一些项目。On July 3, the World Bank redacted a section of its latest update on China’s economy. The section, on “reform priorities in China’s financial sector”, said Beijing must address “distorted incentives and poor governance” to achieve its goal of rebalancing the economy away from a traditional reliance on debt-fuelled investment.7月3日,世行从其关于中国经济的最新报告中删除了一个章节。这一名为《中国金融业改革的首要任务》的章节称,中国政府必须解决“遭到扭曲的激励机制与糟糕的治理”,以实现经济再平衡的目标,摆脱对债务驱动型投资的长期依赖。At the time of the redaction, Bert Hofman, the World Bank’s country director for China, said the section had not gone through proper vetting channels and denied that he had received any pressure from Beijing to withdraw it.在作出上述修订时,世行中国局局长郝福满(Bert Hofman)称这一章未经世行常规内部审核,并否认北京方面向他施加了压力要他撤销这一章。On Friday Jim Yong Kim, World Bank president, went further, telling reporters in Beijing “that particular section did not reflect the views of the World Bank”.周五,世行行长金墉(Jim Yong Kim)更进一步,在北京对记者说:“那一特定章节并不反映世行观点。”“That’s not the official World Bank position,” Mr Hofman added at the media briefing. “We have worked with the [Chinese] government on the financial sector for many years and the report didn’t fully reflect the type of discourse that we had with the government.”“那不是世行的官方立场,”郝福满在媒体吹风会上补充说,“多年来,我们一直与(中国)政府在金融领域保持合作,该报告并未充分反映我们与中国政府展开的那类对话。”Mr Kim added that the World Bank was preparing a statement that reflected its official position on China’s financial sector reforms.金墉补充说,世行正在准备发布一份反映该行对中国金融业改革官方立场的声明。He was speaking after meetings with Chinese officials including Premier Li Keqiang and Lou Jiwei, finance minister. “I am convinced that their resolve and commitment to reform is as strong as ever,” the World Bank president said.他是在与中国总理李克强、财政部长楼继伟等中国官员会面后发表上述言论的。“我相信,他们对改革的决心和承诺像以往一样坚定,”金墉说。The Chinese leadership’s willingness to embrace difficult economic and financial reforms has been questioned over recent weeks, after the government launched a series of “unconventional measures” to counter a steep sell-off on the country’s stock market.最近几周,中国领导层实施艰巨的经济金融改革的意愿受到了质疑。此前,中国政府推出了一系列“非常规措施”,以应对中国股市的大幅抛售。Mr Kim defended Beijing’s actions. “It’s important to remember that this is a relatively young stock exchange,” he said. “In situations all over the world, governments have taken different measures to reduce volatility in their stock markets.”金墉为中国政府的行动进行了辩护。“重要的是要记住,这是一个相对年轻的券交易所。”他说,“世界各国遇到状况时,政府都采取了不同的措施,来减小股市的波动性。”Mr Kim also held meetings with his counterpart at the AIIB, which was formally launched earlier this month. In spite of concerns raised by the Obama administration, many of Washington’s Asian and European allies rushed to join the AIIB as founding members.金墉还与亚投行多边临时秘书处秘书长金立群举行了会谈。亚投行是本月早些时候正式成立的。尽管奥巴马(Obama)政府提出了许多担忧,但美国的许多亚洲和欧洲盟友还是争相以创始成员国身份加入了亚投行。Beijing pressed ahead with its own development bank in part because of its frustration that developing nations were not being given greater roles at the World Bank and International Monetary Fund, whose heads have traditionally been an American and European respectively.中国政府力推自己的开发,部分原因在于,中国对发展中国家不能在世行和国际货币基金组织(IMF)扮演更重要角色感到失望。世行与IMF的领导人传统上一直分别由美国人和欧洲人担任。Mr Kim has consistently said the World Bank welcomes the AIIB’s establishment given the overwhelming need for global infrastructure investment, and on Friday held out the prospect of co-investing in projects with the Chinese institution.金墉一直表示,鉴于全球基础设施投资需求巨大,世行对亚投行的成立表示欢迎。周五,他提出了世行与亚投行共同投资一些项目的可能性。“We plan to hold a meeting later this year [with the AIIB] in Washington to talk about specific projects in which we would be co-investors,” Mr Kim said. “The AIIB is an important new partner … With strong environment, labour and procurement standards, the AIIB will join us and other development banks in addressing huge infrastructure needs that are critical to ending poverty, reducing inequality and boosting shared prosperity.”“我们打算今年晚些时候在华盛顿(与亚投行)举行一次会议,讨论一下双方将共同投资的具体项目。”金墉说,“亚投行是一个重要的新合作伙伴……有了严格的环保、劳工和采购标准,亚投行将与我们及其他开发一道满足巨大的基础设施需求,这对消除贫困、减少不平等和促进共同繁荣是至关重要的。”Additional reporting by Louise Moon路易丝穆恩(Louise Moon)补充报道 /201507/386332南岗区儿童医院体检多少钱 黑龙江省哈尔滨第六医院口碑怎么样

哈尔滨市较好的医院China Development Bank is the core policy bank in China. It has more than Rmb 6tn (4bn) in assets, is wholly owned by the state and is as good for its money as the government itself. So when CDB is forced to cut the size of a proposed bond issue by 60 per cent, as happened this month, you can be sure something is not right in China’s credit markets. 中国国家开发(China Development Bank)是中国最重要的政策性。它拥有超过6万亿元人民币(9840亿美元)的资产,为全资国有,信用与政府相当。因此,本月当国开行被迫将拟定的债券发行量削减60%时,可以肯定中国的信贷市场出了问题。 Other respected and credible companies have also been forced to delay or reduce bond issues, or pay more for their money. Take US-listed internet group Baidu. Last year, it sold a bond to US investors that was priced without the extra that emerging market borrowers usually pay. But in recent months, it struggled to get a Chinese bond away. 另外一些名誉好、信用高的企业要么被迫推迟发行债券或削减发行量,要么付出更高利息。以在美国上市的互联网公司百度(Baidu)为例。去年它向美国投资者发行债券时,没有付新兴市场借款人通常需要付的溢价。但近几个月,百度在中国发债却遭遇困难。 China’s cost of capital has begun to rise even though the government seems some way from the liberalisation of deposit rates that has held down borrowing costs for so long. Banks must aly pay more for funds in the interbank market. Meanwhile, wealth management products (WMPs) – short-term savings products sold mostly by banks to retail and institutional investors – and trust products continue to grow. Both are currently offering better returns than straight corporate bonds to all investors, including banks themselves. 长期以来,低储蓄利率压低了中国的借款成本。虽然距离政府完全放开储蓄利率尚有时日,但中国的资本成本已经开始上升。已经必须为在拆借市场借款付出更高成本。与此同时,理财产品——主要由向零售和机构投资者销售的短期储蓄产品——和信托产品仍在不断增长。二者目前均能向所有投资者(包括本身)提供比企业债券更高的回报率。 The issue here is less about the rising cost of money – which is inevitable as markets come to play a “decisive” role in China, as the post-Plenum buzzword has it – than it is about bad policy, or at least the consequences of slow policy. 十八届三中全会过后,让市场在中国发挥“决定性”作用成为热门话题,资金成本上升不可避免。问题在更大程度上并不在此,而在于不良政策——或者至少说是决策迟缓的后果。 With financial reform, Beijing may be gracefully “crossing the river by feeling the stones” as advocated by the late Deng Xiaoping, but it is simultaneously turning a blind eye to jerry-rigged fording devices, like WMPs, just down stream. 对于金融改革,中国高层或许可以像已故领袖邓小平推崇的那样,从容不迫地“摸着石头过河”。但与此同时,它对下游那些粗制滥造的“过河”工具(如理财产品)视若无睹。 Plenty of ink has been spilled on the risks tied up in WMPs, but much less on what they are really there to do. Their role is to begin to allow market forces to affect the cost of money for banks and companies ahead of interest rate reform; WMPs also legitimise investments that have not yet been officially approved, or are banned in banking channels. They do this simply by being an intermediary, or wrapper around the banned products. 关于理财产品蕴含的风险已经不乏论述,但它们存在的作用却鲜有人提及。它们的作用是在利率改革之前允许市场力量影响和企业的资金成本,以及将那些尚未被正式批准、或被渠道封杀的投资方式合法化。为此,理财产品扮演着“中介”或被禁产品“外包装”的角色。 Hence, they have been used to supply high-cost capital to property developers, as well as some state-owned enterprises. More recently, they have moved on to investing in hedge funds. Managers and their friends or family put up the first chunk of equity, then WMPs add up to four times that in leverage, say Shanghai hedge fund specialists. This allows insurers, for example, to indirectly invest in funds that officially they should not. 于是,理财产品被用于向房地产开发商和部分国有企业提供高成本资金。最近,它们又涉足对冲基金投资领域。上海的对冲基金专业人士表示,经理及其亲友先筹得第一笔股份,再通过理财产品构筑最高可达4倍的杠杆。举例而言,这可以让保险商间接投资于一些本来不被官方许可的投资。 One of the great oddities in Chinese financial policy is that liberalisation happens as much negatively as positively. Companies like the financial arm of ecommerce group Alibaba have found that the way to develop products is often to start using them and see if someone tells you to stop. It can lend to small businesses but was warned away from early trials of consumer loans. 中国金融政策的一大奇怪之处在于,自由化的发生包括正面和负面两种方式。电商集团阿里巴巴(Alibaba)旗下的金融子公司等企业发现,开发产品的方法往往是先上马,然后坐视是否会被叫停。阿里金融可以向小企业发放贷款,但早期试水消费者贷款被叫停。 Financial innovation is rarely given preapproval, bankers say. The industry is forced to “feel the stones” in the absence of clear policy. Surely Deng’s metaphor was about discovering what works, not what would gain official sanction. 家表示,金融创新很少能得到事先批准。在没有明确政策指引的情况下,行业被迫“摸着石头过河”。毫无疑问,邓小平这则比喻的要义是寻找行之有效的道路,而不是官方会点头的东西。 Viewed optimistically, WMPs have introduced a market for funding, lending and investing that ought to help banks and others learn to assess risks and to balance changeable costs and returns. However, their role in legitimising not yet sanctioned, or aly banned, activities just adds to the inefficiency and costs in the distribution of Chinese capital. 乐观地看,理财产品提供了一个融资、贷款和投资的市场,应当能帮助等机构学会评估风险,在风云变幻的成本和回报之间进行权衡。然而,理财产品在合法化那些尚未被批准、或已被禁止的金融活动方面的作用,只会徒增中国资本分配中的低效和成本。 The power of each new yuan to generate economic growth is waning. The leakage of costs through extra layers of WMPs makes this worse. China’s cost of capital will rise, but it does not have to rise that much. Interest costs track gross domestic product growth rates, according to Bernstein Research. If China grows at 6-7 per cent for the next few years, new debt ought not to cost much more – so long as it is dispensed reasonably efficiently. 每一元人民币促进经济增长的能力正在萎缩。理财产品附加结构带来的成本溢出,令情况雪上加霜。中国的资本成本将上升,但没有理由上涨那么多。伯恩斯坦研究公司(Bernstein Research)表示,利息成本应当追随国内生产总值(GDP)增长率。如果中国在接下来几年每年增长6%至7%,新债务的利息成本不应比这个水平高出很多——只要分配达到合理的高效率。 For this to happen, the single most important reform would be market pricing of deposit rates. This will be dangerous for banks, as Jiang Jianqing, head of IC, China’s biggest bank, told the FT recently: “If you do badly, you will be wiped out.” 要让这成为现实,最重要的改革措施将是让市场决定储蓄利率。这对是危险的,正如中国最大工商(IC)董事长姜建清最近对英国《金融时报》所表示的那样:“你干得不好就要淘汰。” But finance keeps moving away from official channels – around one-fifth of credit was formed outside of banks in 2009; now that share has doubled, according to Bernstein. To protect the banks, Beijing must move slowly; but if it moves too slowly, good companies could be starved of reasonable funding – and it runs the risk that China’s financial river will end up clogged with the detritus of too many bad experiments outside the banks. 但金融活动正不断脱离官方渠道——伯恩斯坦称,2009年有五分之一的信贷来自外,而现在这一比例已经翻番。为保护,中国高层只能慢慢来;但如果它过于迟缓,优质公司可能得不到合理的融资,而且以外开展了太多不良试验,中国的金融之河最终可能塞满这些试验的沉渣。 /201311/266484哈尔滨无痛人流哪家医院好要多少钱 哈尔滨市妇儿网上预约

哈尔滨医大一院做人流大约多少钱 A new investment fund is bringing Silicon Valley’s problem-solving hacker ethos to US immigration law, looking to tackle the problem of potential entrepreneurs held back by a visa regime that has long frustrated the technology industry.一家新成立的投资基金以硅谷解决问题的黑客精神来应对美国移民法,帮助解决因签受阻的未来企业家的困难。科技产业长期受到签制度的阻碍。The fund, named Unshackled, and backed by co-founders of Yahoo and Palantir, has raised .5m to give early stage funding to foreigners working in the US who want to quit their job and launch a start-up but cannot because they need an employer to sponsor their visa.这个名为“Unshackled”(除去枷锁)的基金受到雅虎(Yahoo)和Palantir的创始人们的持,目前已筹集到350万美元,用于为那些在美国工作的外国创业者提供前期资金——这些人想要辞职创办公司,但由于需要雇主担保签而无法脱身。Unlike traditional venture funds, which invest capital in exchange for equity, Unshackled will take equity but also hire founders as employees, allowing them to keep their work visas while building their companies.传统的风险投资基金以投资换股权,Unshackled却与之不同,它既接受股权,又将企业创始人聘请为员工,让他们在创办公司时得以保留工作签。Manan Mehta, Unshackled’s co-founder and the son of immigrants who moved to the US from India in the 1970s, said: “Every entrepreneur that we’re targeting is at a greater advantage because of the hustle that they’ve had to prove to get to this country and pursue the American dream.”Unshackled的联合创始人马南#8226;梅塔(Manan Mehta)也是移民后代,他的父辈在20世纪70年代从印度移居美国。梅塔说:“我们所看中的每一位创业者都有极大的优势,因为他们具有积极奋斗的精神才会来到这个国家并追求美国梦。”Current US immigration law has frustrated the Valley, where tech companies say they face a shortage of engineers and starting salaries for young developers can top 0,000. The US offers far fewer visas for skilled foreign workers, known as H-1Bs, than the number of applications it receives, and few executives are optimistic that the federal government will raise that cap soon.美国现行移民法已阻碍了硅谷的发展,这里的高科技公司表示他们面临着工程师短缺的问题,年轻开发人员起薪可超10万美元。美国针对外国专业人才发放的H-1B签远低于申请数量,对于联邦政府是否会很快增加签发放数量,高管们大多不抱乐观想法。For foreigners who win the H-1B lottery, launching a company of their own is tricky as they must remain formally employed to keep the visa. Unshackled proposes to solve that problem by transferring work visas from the entrepreneurs’ current employers to Unshackled and then helping them incorporate and build their start-ups.即使H-1B中,拿到签的外国人也很难开创公司,因为他们必须维持正式工作以保留签。Unshackled为解决该问题提出了建议,创业者可将工作签从当前雇主公司转移到Unshackled,然后Unshackled会帮助他们组建公司。Under current law, foreign founders have taken various routes to stay in the US. One San Francisco-based European entrepreneur trying to transfer an existing H-1B visa to his own company has had to show that his board could fire him and that he owns only a minority of the company. He now meets those criteria after his company has raised millions of dollars in several funding rounds.受制于现行法律,外国创始人为留在美国采取了各种途径。旧金山的一个欧洲企业家正试图将现有的H-1B签转移到他自己的公司,条件是他必须明他的董事会可以解雇他,而且他只拥有公司的少数股权。在其公司从几轮融资中得到数百万美元资金后,他终于符合了上述条件。He says friends of his, also from overseas, have gone through Valley incubators and hired local engineers but have had to return to their home countries to await their own visas.据这位欧洲企业家表示,他有几位同样来自海外的朋友在硅谷得到了成长,他们创业并聘用了当地工程师,却不得不回到自己国家等待签。 /201411/342591黑龙江省阳光医院处女膜修补通河县妇女儿童医院医生在线咨询

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