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2019年08月22日 22:05:38来源:度活动

  • APPLES苹果Apples contain high amounts of fiber and natural sugars that breakdown slowly in the body, releasing a steady stream of glucose into the bloodstream and providing the body with a consistent source of energy. Research showed that apples improve neurological health because they contain quercetin, one of two compounds found to reduce inflammation of neurons. Another study published in the Journal of Alzheimer’s Disease connected the consumption of apple juice to an increase in an important neurotransmitter, acetylcholine, which has been found to improve the memories in mice with symptoms of dementia.苹果含有大量的纤维和天然糖分,这会在体内缓慢分解,源源不断的释放葡萄糖流入到血液内,为身体提供一股稳定的能源。研究表明:苹果能够改善神经系统的健康,因为苹果含有槲皮素,这是研究中发现的能够减少神经元炎症的两种化合物之一。《老年痴呆症杂志》刊登的另一项研究认为喝苹果汁能增加一种重要的神经递质——乙酰胆碱,已被明能提升患有痴呆症老鼠的。AVOCADOS牛油果In a study funded by the Hass Avocado Board, avocados were found to improve lutein levels in the brain, which is related to improved cognition. The avocado’s mono-saturated fats also benefit the information-carrying nerves in the brain.哈斯牛油果董事会资助的一项研究发现:牛油果能提升大脑中的叶黄素含量,从而提升认知能力。牛油果中的单个不饱和脂肪也有利于大脑中传递信息的神经。BREAKFAST早餐Although not a food per se, the first meal of the morning — whether it’s eggs, oatmeal, or yogurt — is important for short-term memory recall. Numerous studies have shown that students who eat breakfast perform better on tests than their peers and are able to focus longer.虽然不是食物本身,但早晨的第一餐——不管是鸡蛋、燕麦还是酸奶——都对回忆短期记忆至关重要。许多研究都表明吃早餐的学生考试成绩比他们的同学要优异,而且注意力也更集中。DARK LEAFY GREENS绿叶蔬菜Kale, spinach, and turnip greens are rich in folate, which has been found to keep the brain functioning at full speed. Research showed that individuals with low levels of folate, also known as folic acid or vitamin B9, in their bodies had a higher chance of developing depression. Depression alters the brain’s chemicals and can be inherently energy-draining.甘蓝、菠菜和萝卜青都富含叶酸,研究表明叶酸能够使大脑保持全速运转。研究发现,叶酸(也叫作维他命B9)含量低的人,他们更有可能患有抑郁症。抑郁症会改变大脑的化学物质,导致能量流失。GREEN TEA绿茶Contrary to popular belief, it’s not the caffeine in green tea that keeps people alert and focused — it’s the amino acid L-theanine. Images from human electroencephalograph (EEG) studies support that L-theanine has direct impacts on the brain— calming the mind without making it sleepy.与人们一般的想法相反,绿茶让人全神贯注而又机智敏锐并不是因为绿茶含有咖啡因,而是因为绿茶含有茶氨酸。人类脑电图研究的图像也表明茶氨酸对大脑有直接影响——在不使人犯困的情况下,能够使大脑恢复平静。GUM口香糖Chewing (not swallowing) gum will help fight off drowsiness. A study conducted using a small sampling of undergraduate students showed that the simple motion of chewing kept them more alert than not chewing at all.嚼口香糖(不是吞)会帮助你赶走困意。研究员对少数大学生进行了一项研究,结果表明相比不嚼口香糖的同学来说,嚼口香糖的同学们更加机智灵敏。SALMON三文鱼Salmon is a legitimate superfood. DHA, or docosahexaenoic acid, a long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acid prominent in fatty fish like salmon, has been linked to improved cognitive functioning.三文鱼是真正的超级食物。脑黄金或二十二碳六烯酸是一种长链多不饱和脂肪酸,三文鱼等富含脂肪的鱼类就含有脑黄金。脑黄金能提升人们的认知功能。译文属 /201609/468811。
  • It#39;s a situation that most stressed office workers can all relate to: Long commutes, odd co-workers and a never-ending task list.这是大多数压力重重的白领所面临的现状:长途通勤、性情古怪的同事和永远做不完的工作。But on this occasion, it#39;s not your average city dweller who#39;s confronting the harsher aspects of adult life.但这一次,正在面对成年人生的种种残酷的这位并不是普通的城市居民。Meet Aggretsuko or Aggressive Retsuko, a 25-year-old cartoon red panda that slogs away in a mundane office job in Japan.来认识一下这只25岁的卡通红熊猫,她的名字叫“冲吧烈子”,是日本的一名疲于奔命的平凡小白领。She might be a slick professional at work, but her cute exterior hides a darker reality: After hours, she bashes out her pent-up rage through some serious beer-swilling and heavy metal karaoke and dreams of one day leaving her dead-end job.她也许在工作上是个老手,但是她可爱的外表下隐藏着黑暗的灵魂:几个小时之后,她就会狂喝啤酒、在卡拉OK唱重金属摇滚歌曲来发泄内心郁积的怒火,梦想着有一天能摆脱这份没有前途的工作。She#39;s also Japanese company Sanrio#39;s -- better known for Hello Kitty -- latest creation.她和家喻户晓的Hello Kitty一样同属于日本三丽鸥公司,是该公司的最新成员。;My target was working people or people who want to vent their frustration. I think (Retsuko) is a character that these people can empathize with,; Yeti, Aggretsuko#39;s designer said.冲吧烈子的设计师Yeti说:“我的目标是职场人士或者想发泄挫败感的人群。我认为烈子是能让这些人产生认同感的角色。”Pointing to the changing nature of #39;kawaii#39; or cute culture, Yeti, who only wanted to be identified by her nickname, told CNN that traditional forms of cute from the Hello Kitty era were no longer making the cut.只愿透露昵称的Yeti告诉CNN说,卡哇伊文化的内涵已经发生改变,Hello Kitty时代的传统可爱形象已经不能征市场。;People are interested in seeing more dynamic and newer characters,; said Yeti.Yeti说:“人们有兴趣看到更有活力的新角色出现。”As different generations have different needs, it#39;s unlikely that a disillusioned office worker would identify any longer with a romantic, girly, pink Hello Kitty, Griseldis Kirsh, a senior lecturer in contemporary Japanese culture at SOAS University of London, told CNN.伦敦大学亚非学院当代日本文化的高级讲师Griseldis Kirsh对CNN说,因为每代人都有各自不同的需求,浪漫、女孩子气、粉嫩的Hello Kitty已经无法再让幻想破灭的白领产生共鸣。;Another, slightly darker, more self-aware and tomboyish character -- which is perhaps a bit closer to people#39;s reality, but still likeable and cute enough, opens up new markets, targeting those who would not see themselves to be like Kitty, but more like Aggretsuko,; explained Kirsh.Kirsh解释道:“另一个更黑暗的、自我意识更强的、更男孩子气的角色,虽然可能比较接近人们的真实状态,但是依然够萌够可爱,可以打开新市场,吸引那些认为自己不像Kitty而更像烈子的目标群体。”Japanese sales assistant Kazumi, 30, told CNN that while Hello Kitty lived in ;dreamland,; Retsuko reflected a typical working girl#39;s life in Japan.30岁的日本销售助理Kazumi告诉CNN说,Hello Kitty生活在梦幻世界中,而烈子却反映出日本典型职场女孩的生活状态。;We face situations that Retsuko experiences a lot at our office. It#39;s a typical Japanese culture trend, for both gender but especially girls, as we can#39;t say ;no; to boss and to our colleagues,; said Kazumi.Kazumi说:“我们在职场会经常遭遇烈子经历的事情。这是发生在日本男女尤其是日本女性身上的典型文化现象,因为我们不能对上司和同事说‘不’。”In January 2017, when Sanrio#39;s second English-language Aggretsuko hit the internet, international fans were quick to relate to the cartoon#39;s plight with many referring to the red panda as their ;spirit animal.;2017年1月,当三丽鸥的第二个“冲吧烈子”英文视频发到网上时,国内外粉丝很快就对这个卡通人物的遭遇产生了共鸣,许多人将这只红熊猫称作自己的“灵兽”。;I#39;d wager that most young women who have worked an entry-level office job would be able to relate (to Aggretsuko),; Helen Tseng, a San-Francisco-based graphic designer, told CNN.一位住在旧金山的平面设计师Helen Tseng告诉CNN说:“我敢打赌大多数做入门级工作的年轻女白领都能对烈子产生共鸣。”;And while Aggretsuko is probably Sanrio#39;s most feminist character yet, I have male friends who relate just as deeply to her plight (and love of alcohol and metal karaoke),; added Tseng.Tseng补充说:“尽管烈子很可能是三丽鸥最女权主义的角色,但是我有一些男性朋友对她的遭遇(还有她对啤酒和重金属K歌的爱好)同样感同身受。” /201703/499083。
  • 1.War and Peace by Leo Tolstoy《战争与和平》列夫·托尔斯泰It is Tolstoy’s most famous work, with the exception of Anna Karenina. The Petersburg party crowd is made up of privileged persons with deep psychological and family issues, while the Moscow families are beset with debt but in better emotional states. Readers who don’t shy away from political, philosophical, or religious topics of all kinds will be fascinated by Tolstoy’s grasp of Napoleonic historical forces mixed with changeable but fascinating human individuals.除了《安娜·卡列尼娜》,这是列夫·托尔斯泰最著名的作品。彼得堡党由带有严重心理或者家庭问题的穷人组成,莫斯科人虽受债务困扰然却积极乐观。不回避各种政治,哲学或者宗教问题的读者会被托尔斯泰对拿破仑历史遗留力量的描写深深吸引,这些都与多变但却吸引人的个人描写交织在一起。2. Anna Karenina by Leo Tolstoy《安娜·卡列尼娜》列夫·托尔斯泰More humanly centered than his other well-known work, War and Peace, Tolstoy makes it clear that life is far too complicated for easy handouts of mercy or judgment. The novel begins with a case of family brokenness and adultery, and sympathy is geared mostly toward the malefactor. As the story unfolds, the dark sides of the likable siblings appear, who are outwardly accepted by society in the face of moral betrayal. The contrast between Anna, who runs away with her lover Vronsky, and Lenin (who marries Vronsky#39;s former romantic interest), is especially worth ing.跟他的另一部作品《战争与和平》相比,这部作品更加以人为中心。托尔斯泰在书中阐明了他的观点,对于那些仁慈的或者审判的小册子而言,生活更加复杂。小说以家庭的破碎和通奸开场,同情心偏向作恶之人。可爱的俩面对道德上的背叛表面上为社会所接受,当故事情节层层展开,她们黑暗的一面暴露出来。 安娜与渥夫斯基私奔,列宁与渥夫斯基的前任结婚,其中安娜与列宁之间的对比很值得一读。3. Madame Bovary by Gustave Flaubert《包法利夫人》居斯塔夫·福楼拜The tale of Emma Bovary lies somewhere between a cautionary tale of Victorian anti-womanhood, Bohemian ideals, and a George Bernard Shaw warning against middle-class morality. Flaubert doesn#39;t trouble to make his female protagonist a relatable person; the focus lies more on an examination of a thoroughly self-centered woman who has an astonishing lack of judgment. The despair and affairs brought on by boredom, and the resulting financial misery accompanying mounds of debt, are a much more graphic portrayal than any Thomas Hardy novel, and Flaubert never forgave his countrymen for putting him on trial for violating public morals.爱玛·包法利的故事介于维多利亚时代的反女性主义、波希米亚理想和乔治·萧伯纳对中产阶级道德的警告之间。福楼拜不愿让他的女主人公成为一个跟别人有共鸣的人;他的重点在于对一个完全以自我为中心的女人的考验,她极度缺乏判断力。厌倦带来的绝望和婚外情,以及随之而来的财政痛苦,比任何托马斯·哈代的小说都要生动得多,福楼拜从来没有原谅他的同胞因为违反公共道德而审判他。4. Sketches from a Hunter#39;s Album by Ivan Turgenev《猎人笔记》伊万·屠格涅夫Those who love the Hunger Games series won’t be disappointed by this Russia classic. These 25 real-life observations of Turgenev include the human landscape, from peasants to mothers and doctors, in their struggle for existence and poetic depictions of sorrow. In the end, his insights of beauty and sorrow led to the hunter becoming hunted by the state, although rumor has it that these tales also led to the abolition of the serf classes’ misery.那些喜欢《饥饿游戏》系列的人不会对这部俄罗斯经典影片感到失望。这25个真实的屠格涅夫的观测包括许多人类景观,在他们为生存奋斗以及对悲伤的诗意描述中,有农民,有母亲,还有医生。最后,虽然他对美丽和悲伤的洞察使猎人受到国家的追捕,但是也有传言说这些故事促进了奴隶制的废除,使奴隶的痛苦得到缓解。5. The Brothers Karamazov by Dostoevsky《卡拉玛佐夫兄弟》杜斯妥也夫斯基This is one of the best allegorical novels to explain the fractured nature of 19th century Russia. Each character is representative of one of the ruling classes. There is the father Fyodor, the landowner who is negligent about his land, but greedy in using its produce for himself. There#39;s Dmitri, who has been passed around from house to house, and has grown up an entitled but debt-ridden soul. There#39;s the skeptic Ivan, who wishes to live more among cold concepts than people. Alyosha, is the mystic and religious peacemaker, and the illegitimate Smerdyakov. Throughout are themes of love, law, and duty, which makes this one of the best Dostoyevsky books to besides Crime and Punishment.这是最好的讽喻类小说之一,阐释了19世纪俄国离破碎的本质。每一个人物都代表着一个统治阶级。父亲费奥多是一个地主,他对土地的态度很随便,但是却贪婪地利用它为自己生产。德米特里,他已经从一个房子转到另一个房子,他长大了很有权力但灵魂却负债累累。伊万是一个怀疑论者,他希望在冰冷的思想里活得比其他人更久一点。阿廖沙,他是一个神秘主义者和宗教和平者。卡拉马佐夫兄弟是私生子。6. Buddenbrooks by Thomas Mann《布登勃洛克一家》托马斯·曼A similarity to The Forsyte Saga could be traced to Mann#39;s work of fiction; both depict multiple generations of a wealthy family experiencing a slow decline, and both families move through spiritual and mental instability. However, these German traders show more humor and less of a dependence on art and music as saving graces. Mann received the 1929 Nobel Prize for his literary efforts.和《福尔赛世家》很像的作品可以追溯到曼的作品;这两者都描绘了一个富裕家庭的几代人经历的缓慢的衰退,他们的家族都经历了精神和精神上的不稳定。然而,这些德国商人表现出更多的幽默感,他们很少依赖于艺术和音乐并把它们作为储蓄。1929年,曼因其在文学上的努力而获得诺贝尔文学奖。7. Far Away and Long Ago by W.H. Hudson《远方与往昔》威廉·亨利·哈德逊Readers who long for bird sanctuaries and decry the desire for smokestacks in cities will resonate with Hudson’s lament over South America. Later on in life, the author became an ornithologist and became friends with novelist Joseph Conrad, but this book is a reflection of his childhood memories of Argentina and the strong lure of nature. Depictions of family life are few, and saved for the last chapters.长期以来,人们一直渴望一个鸟类保护区并且谴责在城市里吸烟的欲望,这与哈德逊对南美洲的悲叹产生共鸣。在后来的生活里,作者变成一个鸟类保护者并且与小说家约瑟夫·康拉德成为朋友,但是在这本书中他回忆了童年在阿根廷的时光以及大自然对他的强烈诱惑。对家庭生活的描述很少,只保留在最后几章。8. Adventures of Huckleberry Finn by Mark Twain《哈克贝利·费恩历险记》马克·吐温While Twain’s other classic (Tom Sawyer) is known for the chapter on the joys of fence-painting, Huck Finn is known for his friendship with an escaped slave and enmity with the Widow Douglas who adopts him. Being an enterprising and adventurous soul, Huck manufactures his own death to throw his drunken father off the scent of discovered treasure. While on the run down the Mississippi River, Huck discovers a different sort of life on boats; the work also appealed to Ernest Hemingway and the American public, who ignored initial critical reviews.马克·吐温的另一部经典之作中汤姆·索亚因其对壁画的乐趣而闻名,而哈克·费恩以他与逃跑黑奴的友谊以及他对收养他的寡妇道格拉斯的憎恨闻名。拥有一个进取和冒险的灵魂,哈克制造了自己的死亡从而使他的醉鬼父亲远离已经发现了的宝藏。当沿着密西西比河河顺流而下的时候,哈克在船上经历着一种不同的生活。这本书也吸引着欧内斯特·海明威和广大美国群众,使他们忽略了最初的批评性。9. The Red and the Black by Stendhal《红与黑》司汤达This anti-society novel begins rather strangely, with a depiction of a carpenter’s son who believes himself duty-bound to create a love affair with the local mayor’s wife. After quite a few social gaffes and run-ins, Julien finally comes to the realization that he needs to drop the masks that plague his life and escape the desert of selfishness. However, he’s too late to escape the fate of the noose he’s placed around his own neck, despite the fact that he realizes his social ambitions before he dies.这部反社会小说的开头很奇怪,描写的是一个木匠的儿子,他认为自己有责任与当地市长的妻子建立爱情关系。在公众场合多次失礼和争论后,朱利安终于意识到,他需要放下那些折磨他的面具,逃离自私的沙漠。然而,尽管他在去世前意识到了自己的社会抱负,他已经来不及逃脱已经束缚着他的命运了。10. Dubliners by James Joyce《都柏林人》詹姆斯·乔伊斯Most ers know that Joyce experimented with form in his novels, but it#39;s no Ulysses, though Joyce kept to his classic themes of disaffection with social and spiritual forces beyond the invididual. The story of high schoolers Eveline and Jimmy, their hopes and dreams of the future, could help young adults to identify with the characters in this string of short stories.乔伊斯一直坚持他的经典主题,即超越个人对社会和精神力量的不满,但是大多数人知道他却是因为他在小说形式上的创新,但是这里指的并不是《尤利西斯》。故事讲的是高中生伊芙琳和吉米,他们未来的希望和梦想可以帮助年轻人向这一系列短篇故事中的人物看齐。 /201705/510208。
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