2019年05月27日 04:09:01|来源:国际在线|编辑:中国时讯
As someone instilled with the British habit of automatic apology, I have often wished to be freed from the tyranny of good manners. 作为一个被灌输了英式自动道歉习惯的人,我常常渴望逃脱这种礼仪的暴政。The mildest kerfuffle tends to trigger in me an outburst of contrition, as uncontrollable as a sneezing fit. 最温和的擦也往往会促使我不由自主地表达一长串愧意,就像打喷嚏一样无法控制。I find myself apologising in a forced high voice to the oaf who blunders into me in the street (Sorry!). 我发现自己用强迫发出的高声向那个在街口鲁莽撞上我的傻瓜道歉(对不起!)。Strangers are addressed with extravagant levels of courtesy: Excuse me, I’m so sorry to interrupt, I wonder if you could possibly tell me the way to#8201;.#8201;.#8201;.我对陌生人开口说话的礼貌达到极其夸张的程度:不好意思,我非常抱歉地打扰您,我在揣测你有没有可能告诉我去……的路?If hypocrisy is the English vice, then manners are its public face. 如果说伪善是英国人的恶习,那么礼仪就是它的公开面孔。The polite patter of pleases and thank-yous with which we embroider our speech is a ritual show of courtesy, an unthinking way of advertising solicitude for the feelings of someone doing something for one. 我们用请和谢谢这些唠唠叨叨的礼貌用语来点缀我们的言辞,这是一种仪式性的礼貌展示,一种对某人为我们做了什么事而表达好意的不假思索的方式。The relentless gratitude that I display in such settings — thanking shop assistants as though they have saved my life with the Heimlich manoeuvre, not simply handed me a chip-and-pin er — is a salve for a guilty conscience.我在这类情景下所表现的无尽感激之情——感谢店员就如同他/她用哈姆立克急救法(Heimlich Maneuver)救了我一命,而不仅仅是递给了我一部刷卡机——是对内疚良心的抚慰。The same is true of the contrition. 对于道歉也是一样。There is much in British history for which to be sorry — especially from those of us who are its beneficiaries — such as the slave trade and colonising large swaths of the world. 在不列颠历史上有那么多可道歉的——尤其是我们这些受益者——例如奴隶贸易和对世界大片领土的殖民。For all the reasons to be patriotic — real ale, cricket, Shakespeare, Led Zeppelin — the debit side of the ledger carries some serious bad karma.尽管我们有大把理由爱国——real ale啤酒、板球、莎士比亚、齐柏林飞船乐队(Led Zeppelin)——但账簿的借方带有严重的坏业力(Karma)。It is my belief that, with every sorry a Briton utters when he or she is bumped into, a larger sorrow goes unaddressed. 我相信,英国人每一次因为被路人撞到而说对不起的背后,都有一个更大的悲哀没有得到抚慰。To paraphrase the bard, we doth apologise too much.借用莎士比亚的话,我们道歉得太多了。Or do we? I hope you, dear er, will permit me to explain how my attitude towards manners has undergone a shift. 难道不是吗?亲爱的读者,我希望您能允许我向您解释我对待礼貌的态度是如何发生转变的。Having children is one reason. 一个原因是有了孩子。Barking rudely at my poor progeny in public to say please and thank you — behaving like precisely the brusque monster I am supposedly warning them off becoming — has brought home to me the need to live up to the sentiments being phrased.在公共场合粗声敦促我的孩子们说请和谢谢——这行为恰恰就像我理应警告他们不要成为的那种无礼怪物——让我明白了情绪需要被如实表达。So did a recent encounter on the London Underground. 另一个类似的原因是我最近在伦敦地铁上的一次遭遇。I waved an older woman to go on the stairs ahead of me with an unctuous gesture. 我用圆滑的手势向一名老妇挥了挥手,示意她在我之前上楼梯。An onlooker thanked me so profusely, as though I were Sir Walter Raleigh flinging his cloak over the puddle for Elizabeth I to t upon, that I was forced to interrogate the meaning of my trivial act. 结果一名旁观者一个劲地向我表达感激,就好像我是沃尔特.罗利爵士(Sir Walter Raleigh),把自己的斗篷脱下来盖在水坑上让伊丽莎白一世踩过去,以至于我不得不检讨自己这一琐碎行为的意义。The woman I had waved ahead wore a hijab: she was evidently Muslim. 我挥手让她先过的那名妇女包着头巾,显然是穆斯林。My very minor display of goodwill took place in a much larger context of ill will and intolerance, and had been noted as such.我展现的非常微小的善意发生在一个充满恶意和不宽容的大背景下,也在这个背景下被人注意到。The public realm is full of spite and bile these days. 如今公共领域充满怨恨和敌意。Debate descends into shouting matches, with neither side prepared to concede an inch. 辩论降格为对骂,双方都不愿意退让一寸。The opening up of forums for voices to be heard on social media and the internet has had the consequence of making everyone think they are cleverer than everyone else, an illogical state of affairs.社交媒体和互联网开启了让人们的声音被听到的论坛,其后果是让每个人都认为自己比别人更聪明,这是一种不合逻辑的状态。One’s own ego seems so incomparably more sensitive, more perceptive, wiser and more profound than other people’s, the philosopher Bertrand Russell noted. 人的自我似乎无可比拟地比别人更加敏感、更加敏锐、更加睿智和更加深刻。Yet there must be very few of whom this is true, and it is not likely that oneself is one of those few. 哲学家伯特兰.罗素(Bertrand Russell)曾指出,然而这一点必然只适用于极少数人,一般人不太可能是这少数人之一。There is nothing like viewing oneself statistically as a means both to good manners and to good morals.要同时达到良好的礼仪和道德境界,没有什么比从统计学视角观察自己更有效的手段了。Properly deployed, politeness is a kind of activism. 若能正确使用,礼貌是一种能动性。It insists that we should treat each other kindly, a word derived from kin. 它坚持要求我们友善地对待彼此,这是一个由亲人延伸而来的词。Leonard Cohen’s death last week brought this home to me. 莱昂纳德.科恩(Leonard Cohen,见上图)最近去世提醒了我这一点。In concerts, he serenaded his audience on bended knee and told self-deprecating jokes. 在音乐会上,他曾弯下双膝为观众吟唱,还开了些自嘲的玩笑。Each one of the thousands observing him felt as though they were individually valued. 在成千上万的观众中,每一个人都感到自己得到个别的珍视。In him, good manners and good morals were as one.在他身上,良好的礼仪和道德浑然天成。I shall do my best to follow his example. 我会尽力以他为榜样。It is time to reclaim politeness from hypocrisy in order to wield it against rudeness.是时候将礼貌从伪善中解放,以便用其对抗粗鲁。 /201611/480843

1.Don#39;t keep your phone#39;s ringer on1.不要让你的手机响个不停Your phone starts ringing or lights up with a text while at the table. It#39;s rude, we all know that. So, do something about it.在就餐的时候,因为来了条短信,于是你的手机便开始振铃或者是屏幕变亮。我们都知道这是很无礼的。所以采取些措施。2.As the host, don#39;t finish first2.作为东道主,不要先放下筷子If you#39;re hosting the dinner and have gathered a group of friends at a restaurant, you, as the host, have some important responsibilities to keep in mind.如果你在餐馆聚集三、五好友吃饭,作为东道主的你要把有些重要的责任记在心里。;If you are the host, make sure to pace yourself so that you end up being the last one to finish each course,; Czink said.Czink表示,;如果你是东道主,那就要确保掌握好吃饭的节奏,这样你才能够成为最后一个放下筷子的。;3.Don#39;t reach across the table3.不要横跨桌面Sharing#39;s great, after all, sometimes that#39;s the best part about eating out — getting to try what everyone else ordered. But there#39;s a polite way, and a not so polite way.分享毕然重要,有时它会是下馆子时最重要的一部分--去尝试每个人点的菜。但是,方式有不礼貌的,也有不礼貌的。;If you feel you must share,; Czink says, ;ask the other one to put it on his b plate and pass the b plate rather than put your fork into his food.;Czink表示,;如果你感觉你必须要品尝,那么要求对方把东西放在他的面包盘里,随后把面包盘递给你,而不是自己用餐叉去叉食物。;4.Don#39;t stiff the waiter because the food was bad4.不要因为食物差而亏待了务员;The waiter didn#39;t make your food,; Clarke said. ;The waiter is there to be knowledgeable about the and bring your stuff. If there is an issue, go ahead and say it right away and let the waiter resolve it.;Clarke表示,;务员不负责制作食物。她们只是对菜单很了解,并为你端上食物。如果有什么问题,直接说,让她解决。;Don#39;t wait until it#39;s time to pay and give the waiter less of a tip than he or she really deserves.不要等到结账的时候,少给务员小费。5.Don#39;t stray too far from the 5.不要对菜单做过多改变While slight modifications and special requests are to be expected, and often easily accommodated, don#39;t go crazy with it.虽然稍加改变和特殊要求是意料之中的,也通常是容易被满足的,但是不要太过分。A has been thoughtfully prepared by a professional chef, and it#39;s not to be considered as just a list of ingredients.菜单是由专业厨师深思熟虑准备的,它不仅仅是一个配料清单。;Don#39;t build your own or have lots of modifications to the ,; Arons said. ;The chef created something that he wants to share with you.;Aron表示,;不要自己建立菜单或者是对菜单做过多的改变。厨师创作了一些他想要和你分享的东西。; /201611/477677

When James Cameron quickly whips up something in the kitchen当詹姆斯·卡梅隆突击下厨时How do you like my meatballs?你喜欢我做的肉丸吗? /201611/478115

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