明星资讯腾讯娱乐2020年01月28日 04:10:49
Elon Musk, the billionaire entrepreneur, has lashed out at Apple‘s ambitions to make a car that could rival his Tesla electric vehicles.身家亿万的创业家、电动汽车制造商特斯拉(Tesla)的首席执行官埃隆氠斯克(Elon Musk),对苹果(Apple)想造出一款能与特斯拉电动汽车匹敌的汽车的抱负予以了猛烈抨击。Mr Musk said Apple had only hired Tesla engineers that the carmaker had fired, dismissing the idea they were important employees.马斯克表示,苹果聘用的特斯拉工程师都是特斯拉开掉的,他驳斥了这些人是重要员工的说法。“We always jokingly called Apple the ‘Tesla Graveyard’. If you don’t make it at Tesla, you go work at Apple,” he told the German newspaper Handelsblatt as he toured Berlin. “I’m not kidding.”“我们常把苹果戏称为‘特斯拉坟场’。如果你在特斯拉玩不转,还是去苹果干吧,”他在柏林旅行时告诉《德国商报》(Handelsblatt),“我不是在开玩笑。”The chief executive of Tesla, who also leads Space company SpaceX and chairs alternative energy company SolarCity, mocked Apple’s ambitions to build a smart car, laughing and saying: “Did you ever take a look at the Apple Watch?”马斯克还是航天公司SpaceX的掌门人,同时担任另类能源公司SolarCity董事长。他在嘲讽苹果制造智能汽车的抱负时笑着说:“你看过苹果手表(Apple Watch)吗?”“No, seriously: It’s good that Apple is moving and investing in this direction. But cars are very complex compared to phones or smartwatches. You can’t just go to a supplier like Foxconn and say: Build me a car,” he said.“说正经的:苹果朝这个方向迈进和投资是件好事。但与手机或智能手表相比,汽车非常复杂。你不可能到富士康(Foxconn)等供应商那里跟他们说:给我造辆汽车。”Apple has shown signs of preparing to create a car this year, including recruiting experts in automotive technology and vehicle design, asking a test site for autonomous and connected cars when they had availability for a test and buying a big data analytics mapping company.已有迹象表明,今年苹果准备制造一款汽车。它聘用了汽车技术和车辆设计领域的专家,询问了一个自动和互联汽车的测试站点何时有空展开测试,并收购了一家大数据分析地图公司。In May, Jeff Williams, Apple’s senior vice-president of operations, said the car was the “ultimate mobile device”, hinting that the company could be working on one. Most recently, Apple executives met with officials from California’s automotive regulator to discuss self-driving vehicles.今年5月,苹果高级运营副总裁杰夫威廉姆斯(Jeff Williams)表示,这款汽车是“终极移动设备”,他暗示苹果可能正在研制汽车。最近,苹果高管曾与加州汽车监管机构官员会面,讨论自动驾驶汽车。An Apple car — smart or even driverless — could threaten existing carmakers, from Detroit and Germany to newer companies such as Tesla. GM last week laid out plans to take on Google and Apple in self-driving cars, saying it was well placed to be a ‘disrupter’.苹果汽车(智能汽车甚至无人驾驶汽车)可能会威胁到现有的汽车制造商,无论是底特律的、德国的,还是像特斯拉这样的新兴汽车制造商。通用汽车(GM)上周制定了计划,将与谷歌(Google)和苹果在自动驾驶汽车领域展开竞争,通用表示,它已准备好成为一名“颠覆者”。Mr Musk said that for Apple, designing a car would be “the next logical thing to finally offer a significant innovation”. Taking a dig at the products Apple launched last month, he said: “A new pencil or bigger iPad alone were not relevant enough.”马斯克表示,对苹果而言,设计一款汽车将是“为最终推出重大创新而迈出的合乎逻辑的一步”。他在嘲讽苹果上月推出的产品时表示:“如果只是一款新笔或更大号的iPad,那可算不上重大。”Apple did not respond to a request for comment.苹果未对记者的置评请求作出回应。 /201510/402994

With a variety of bands, and price tags ranging all the way from 9 – ,000, there#39;s an Apple Watch for everyone. Except, possibly, the heavily tattooed.面向大众推出的Apple Watch,款式多样,价格从349美元到17000美元不等。现在它却被发现可能不适用于有大量纹身的人。That#39;s according to a new th on Reddit which claims that several tattoo-sporting Apple Watch customers are having trouble using the device, because the wearable#39;s wrist-detection feature gets confused by the way in which tattoos reflect the green and infrared light emitted by the Watch.Reddit上的一个新帖称,几个有纹身的消费者发现他们的Apple Watch无法正常使用,原因在于纹身会反射手表发射出的绿光和红外光,导致该可穿戴设备的手腕监测功能扰。The result? People with tattoos don#39;t get notifications, unless they move the Watch to an un-tattooed area, or turn off wrist detection. Not exactly ideal for those with full sleeves!结果怎么样?有纹身的人除非把手表戴在没有纹身的地方,或者关闭手腕监测功能,否则他们无法接到通知。这对于整个手臂都有纹身的人来说不太可能。“I thought my shiny new 42mm [Watch] had a bad wrist detector sensor,” writes one user. “The [W]atch would lock up every time the screen went dark and prompted me for my password. I wouldn#39;t receive notifications. I couldn#39;t figure out why especially since the watch was definitely not losing contact with my skin. [A]lso I couldn#39;t find anything online with people experiencing this issue. I was about to give up and call Apple … when I decided to try holding it against my hand (my left arm is sleeved and where I wear my watch is tattooed as well) and it worked. My hand isn#39;t tattooed and the Watch stayed unlocked. Once I put it back on the area that is tattooed with black ink the watch would automatically lock again.”“我觉得我亮眼的新42毫米手表的手腕监测功能有问题,”一名使用者写到。“屏幕一黑手表就锁上了,并提示我输入密码。我收不到通知。手表并没有与皮肤失去接触,所以我弄不清原因。网上也没有人提出同样的问题。我打算放弃并且给Apple公司打电话。我的左臂上有纹身,戴手表的位置也有。我试着把手表拿在手里,它就可以正常使用了。我的手上没有纹身,手表就一直处于开启状态。一旦我把它放在有黑色纹身的地方,它就又自动锁上了。”As a possible explanation, another Redditor writes that:一位网友给出了较为合理的解释:“Oxyhemoglobin has several local peaks of absorbance which can be used for pulse oximetry: one green, one yellow, one infrared, etc. Apple uses the ones at infrared and green parts of the spectrum. Now, here#39;s some key facts. Melanin and ink are both equally good at absorbing frequencies over 500nm, which sadly includes the green. But, melanin#39;s absorbance falls down so rapidly that by the infrared end of the spectrum its hardly absorbing anything at all. That, combined with the fact that Apple adjusts the sensitivity/light level dynamically means infrared is probably black people friendly. Ink has a much more gradual fall off, so even infrared might not work for them.”“氧基血红素能快速吸收绿光、黄光和红外光等,可用于脉搏血氧测量。苹果公司就利用了其可吸收光谱中的绿光和红外光的性能。现在,有几个关键原理。黑色素和墨水都易于吸收频率高于500纳米的光,可悲的是,这其中就包括绿光。但是,黑色素的吸光度下降迅速,到光谱红端它几乎什么都不能吸收了。再加上手表能不断地调节感光度,这就意味着红外光可能对黑皮肤较为友好。而墨水的的吸光度下降平缓,因此连红外光也无法为其工作了。”While it#39;s possible to turn off the wrist detection feature, this also stops Apple Pay from working. We#39;ve reached out to Apple to ask if this is a problem that#39;s been reported elsewhere, and will update this post when we hear back.尽管能关闭手腕监测功能,但手表的付功能也就随之不能使用了。我们已经联系了苹果公司,询问了其他地方是否也有同样的问题。收到回复后,会为您带来后续报道。Tattoo-gate, anyone?苹果纹身门,谁能解决这个问题呢? /201505/375030

Apple shares rose on Tuesday, further narrowing their decline over the past year, after an investment bank issued a bullish note on iPhone demand. 苹果(Apple)股价周二上扬,进一步收窄了过去一年的跌幅,此前一家投资发布了对iPhone的需求表示乐观的报告。 Demand for the smartphone, which is Apple’s most important product, is tracking at 56.5m units for the quarter to the end of March, according to an analysis of web search data by Morgan Stanley. That is “clearly ahead of expectations as investors are sceptical Apple can reach implied guidance of 52m,” the New York-based investment bank said. 根士丹利(Morgan Stanley)对网络搜索数据的分析显示,在截至3月底的第一季度,这款智能手机(苹果最重要的产品)的需求有望达到5650万部。这家总部位于纽约的投行表示,这“显然超出预期,投资者正对苹果能否达到5200万部的隐含销售指引表示怀疑。” Anxiety has been rising about slowing sales growth for the iPhone, which accounted for more than two-thirds of Apple’s total revenue in the previous quarter, due to saturation in the domestic market and economic headwinds from China, a key growth driver for the world’s biggest publicly traded company. iPhone占到苹果上季度总营收的逾三分之二,但美国国内市场饱和以及中国经济遭遇阻力促使市场对iPhone销售增长放缓日益焦虑。中国是这家全球市值最高上市公司的关键增长动力。 However, Morgan’s data point to positive year-on-year and sequential gains to the end of February in China, as “growth improved in most regions”. 然而,根士丹利的数据表明,截至2月底,苹果在中国的同比及环比表现均为正数,与此同时,“增长在大部分地区都有所改善”。 Apple’s shares climbed 2.3 per cent, making the Cupertino, California-based company the second-best performer on the Samp;P 500. The stock is now essentially flat for 2016, having been down as much as 12.2 per cent on a year-to-date basis in late January. It is off 16.2 per cent over the past 12 months. 苹果股价上涨了2.3%,使这家总部位于加州库比蒂诺的公司成为标准普尔500指数(Samp;P 500)中表现第二优秀的个股。苹果股价2016年以来持平,从年初到1月下旬曾下滑12.2%。过去12个月累计下跌16.2%。 /201603/432075

  Airbnb has opened its site to Cuba, making it one of the first US companies to open shop on the island since the dramatic thaw in tensions between Washington and Havana last year.空中食宿(Airbnb)向古巴开放了它的网站,成为自美国与古巴两国关系解冻以来,首家在古巴展开业务的美国企业之一。After five decades of hostility, estrangement, and economic sanctions between the two countries, tourism to Cuba — historically dominated by Canadians and Europeans — is set to spike after President Barack Obama loosened travel restrictions in January.在两国间经历了50年的敌对、疏远和经济制裁之后,今年1月,美国总统巴拉克#8226;奥巴马(Barack Obama)放宽了对美国人赴古巴的旅游限制。这一措施的出台,会令古巴的外国游客出现激增。传统上去到古巴的游客以加拿大人和欧洲人为主。Airbnb expects “significant demand” for Cuban rentals from Americans. US user searches for Cuba on Airbnb’s site have jumped 70 per cent since January, the company said.空中食宿预计,美国人在古巴租房的需求将是巨大的。自1月以来,美国用户在其网站搜索古巴的次数已跃升了70%。The online house-rental start-up now allows licensed American travellers to book rooms at more than 1,000 listings across Cuba, many featuring ornate colonial design and cheap prices: the average rental in Havana costs per night.目前,通过这家在线租房初创企业,得到许可的美国游客能预定遍布古巴的逾1000间房舍的房间。其中许多房间不仅拥有华丽的殖民时代设计,价格也十分低廉:哈瓦那的平均租金为每晚42美元。“For over 50 years, Cuba has been out of reach for most Americans” said Nathan Blecharczyk, Airbnb’s co-founder. “When we founded Airbnb#8201;.#8201;.#8201;.#8201;our dream was to help create a world where you could belong anywhere#8201;.#8201;.#8201;.”空中食宿共同创始人内森#8226;布莱沙奇克(Nathan Blecharczyk)表示:“在超过50年的时间里,古巴对多数美国人来说一直可望而不可及。在创建空中食宿时……我们的梦想就是帮助人们打造一个处处是我家的世界……”Airbnb’s “sharing economy” business model makes Cuba a potential sweet spot. It does not face some of the roadblocks for traditional American hotels, who would have to buy property and hire employees to operate on the island.对于空中食宿的“分享经济”业务模式来说,古巴或将是一个绝佳的运营环境。这一模式可以避开传统美国酒店营运商去古巴开展业务会遭遇到的障碍,包括需要买地,还需要聘用员工。Rather, the bn company has soared in popularity as the middleman for people who want to rent out a spare room in their home.相比之下,市值130亿美元的空中食宿在古巴的人气已急剧上升,那些想要出租家中多余房间的人们将它视作中间人。Still, limited internet and phone access in Cuba poses a problem for Airbnb, whose booking system operates entirely online. Only five per cent of Cubans have home access to the internet and less than a fifth have mobile phones, according to US officials.不过,古巴上网和打电话的条件都十分有限,这对整个预订系统都在网上的空中食宿是个大问题。美国官方数据显示,可在家中上网的古巴人只占5%,而拥有移动电话的则不到五分之一。To enter this unplugged community, Airbnb has tapped into a local network of private home-stays — casas particulares — who have dominated the Cuban tourism industry for decades and make up a sizeable income for locals in an otherwise isolated, sluggish economy.此外,由于古巴经济开放的节奏十分缓慢,外国企业仍受制于当地监管规定及美国的制裁举措。官方统计的数字显示,自东欧剧变以来,在古巴设立的外国企业中,六成已关门大吉。 /201504/368562

  They say Jan. 18 — or Blue Monday — is the most depressing day of the year, but they#39;re wrong. The most depressing day of the year is today, because you#39;re about to find out how and when you#39;re most likely to die.人们总说“蓝色星期一”,即1月18号那一天,是一年中心情最阴郁的日子。错了。最郁闷的一天将是今天,因为今天你将发现自己很可能会怎么死、何时死。Statistician Nathan Yau has created an interactive chart to determine, in his words, ;how and when you will die, given your sex, race and age.; Fun!统计学家邱南森制作了一个互动图表,他称这个图表将“根据年龄、种族以及年龄不同,显示每个人在各个年纪将面临何种威胁生命的问题”。真神奇!To create his chart, Yau used data from the CDC#39;s Underlying Cause of Death Database, a rather bleak collection of US death statistics from 1999 to 2014. Using information obtained from Americans#39; death certificates, the database catalogs deaths based on age, race, gender, year and cause of death, among other metrics.美国疾控中心收集了1999年至2014年期间国内死亡明上的一些信息,并统计了其中关于美国人主要死因的系列数据,结果不容乐观。该数据库根据年龄、种族、性别、年份、死因及其他参数将死亡情况进行分类。Once you enter your sex, race and age, the chart will kick into motion. For each year past your current age, it#39;ll show you how likely you are to die of various common causes of death: infection, cancer, blood, endocrine, mental, nervous, circulatory, respiratory, digestive, musculoskeletal, genitourinary, perinatal, congenital and external causes.只要你一输入自己的性别、种族和年龄,该图表就开始发生相应变化。对于你今后的每一年,它都将显示一组潜在的死因,如传染病、癌症、血液疾病、内分泌失调、精神疾病、神经疾病、循环系统疾病、呼吸疾病、消化疾病、肌骨失常、泌尿生殖疾病、围产期死亡、先天性疾病及其他外因。并且,随着年纪的改变,各死因概率会发生对应的变化。For every year past your current age, the chart will also show you the likeliness of having died by that point.图表中还会显示,你活到某一个年龄的概率有多大。The main point, which is what you#39;d expect, is that mortality rate is much lower in the earlier years of life than in the older years. But, if you do die at a younger age, it#39;s much more likely due to something external rather than a disease.可以想见的是,相较于晚年,早年死亡率要低得多。但是,早年死亡的原因大多是外部事故,而非自身疾病。You can also look at it the other way. Shift age to the older years, and let the simulations run. You#39;re much more likely to die of a disease rather than something external. Shift past 80 years, and it#39;s over 40% chance the cause will be circulatory, regardless of demographic group.你也可以换个角度看这个问题。把年龄设定得大一些,然后让模拟器运转起来。随着人们慢慢变老,死因更有可能是自身疾病,而非外部因素。不管哪类人,活至八十,死于血液循环疾病的几率都超过40%。I tried the chart out for myself, a 24-year-old white female. If I die two years from now, at 26, there#39;s hardly any chance it#39;ll be from health problems — and a very high likelihood it#39;ll be from external causes.我自己也尝试了一下这个图表。我按要求依次输入了自己的信息:女性,白种人,24岁。图表上显示着:两年后,也就是当我26岁的时候,我若是面临着死亡,基本上可以肯定不是因为我身体不好,而罪魁祸首很有可能是意外事故。At 50 years old, there#39;s a 95% chance I#39;ll still be alive — that#39;s still pretty good! If I do happen to die at 50, it#39;ll most likely be from circulatory problems, cancer, infection or external causes.图表显示我能活到50岁的几率高达95%,这简直太棒了!但如果我不幸50岁的时候死了,极大可能是死于血液循环疾病、癌症、传染病或意外事故。Finally, here I am at 80. Now, there#39;s only a 52% chance I#39;ll still be alive. If I die, the most likely causes will be circulatory, cancer and endocrine.最后,看一下八十岁的我是怎样的情况吧。果然,我活着的几率减半了,只有52%,主要的死因是血液循环疾病、癌症和内分泌失调。Yau was surprised to see that circulatory problems — and not cancer — were such a prominent cause of death.邱南森惊讶地发现,主要致死疾病竟然是血液循环疾病而非癌症。;It seems like cancer would be the leading cause, just going off general news,; he wrote. ;This is certainly true up to a certain age, but get past that and your heart can only keep going for so long.;他写道:“根据各大新闻的报道,人们似乎一直认为癌症才是头号杀手。当人活到某个年纪,确实如此。但就算你过了这一关,你的心脏也只能再运转这么些年。”想玩的复制此链接搜索:http://flowingdata.com/2016/01/19/how-you-will-die/ /201601/423368。


  Nvidia wants to do for gaming what Spotify did for music.英伟达打算像音乐界的Spotify一样,在游戏界掀起波澜。Jen-Hsun Huang, CEO and co-founder of the chipset and graphic card maker, says gaming on TV right now is focused on the console. However, he believes Nvidia can expand the reach of gaming 10 to 100 times if it can make gaming more accessible by simplifying delivery of titles to a single click.这家芯片和显卡制造商的首席执行官兼联合创始人黄仁勋表示,目前的电视游戏基本上都是通过游戏机操作的。但他相信,如果英伟达能简化游戏的交付过程,让玩家只需轻轻一点就能获得各种游戏,该公司就能使玩家群体扩大10倍到100倍。Nvidia, based in Santa Clara, Calif., is launching its new Shield console, which is a high-powered Android TV device combined with the Nvidia Grid game streaming service, in May for 0. Unlike other consoles currently on the market, the Shield streams all of its content—no downloads or discs required.总部位于加州圣克拉拉市的英伟达公司,即将于5月份推出全新的“盾”(Shield)游戏机,这是一台高性能的安卓电视设备,将搭载英伟达Grid游戏流媒体务,售价为200美元。与市面上其他游戏机不同,“盾”所有的游戏都是通过流媒体来推送的,也就是说,无需下载或使用光盘。“We don’t see Shield Console competing with PS4 or Xbox One consumers,” says Matt Wuebbling, director of Shield and GeForce marketing at Nvidia. “We see this as a streaming device that delivers both entertainment and gaming in 4K. We look at it as a paradigm shift, rather than a head-to-head competition.” According to Wuebbling, Shield is the only Android TV device and only gaming device that supports 4K (Ultra HD) content on the market.英伟达“盾”与GeForce显卡事业部营销总监马特o维布林表示:“我们并不认为‘盾’是在和PS4或Xbox One争抢用户。在我们眼里,这是一台流媒体设备,它能推送4K格式的节目和游戏。我们认为这是一种模式的改变,而不是一场势均力敌的较量。”据他介绍,“盾”是市面上唯一一台持4K格式内容的安卓电视设备和游戏机。Peter Warman, CEO of game research firm Newzoo, says Nvidia has an opportunity to succeed with Shield in regions where traditional consoles have not, particularly in Eastern Europe, Latin America, and Asia. Even in the larger markets where Sony and Microsoft have a large foothold, the lower price point and collection of 200 digital games at launch could lure gamers.游戏研究公司Newzoo的首席执行官彼得o沃尔曼称,凭借“盾”这一利器,在那些传统游戏机还未大行其道的地方,尤其是东欧、拉美和亚洲地区,英伟达有望大获成功。就算在那些规模较大,早已被索尼和微软瓜分掉大部分份额的市场,“盾”的低廉售价及其携带的200款数字游戏也能吸引大批玩家。“Nvidia sees first-hand how the traditional consoles are in a gridlock because of their traditional tie-in with retail,” Warman says. “By launching a high-end, completely digital solution, developers will have a lot more freedom in launching and monetizing their content, comparable to what they are used to on PC. As others are investing billions of dollars in acquiring streaming technology, patents and companies, Nvidia might just have the best solution.”沃尔曼表示:“由于跟传统的零售渠道捆绑在一起,传统游戏机往往会遭遇发展瓶颈,英伟达对此深有体会。通过推出高端纯数字化解决方案,游戏开发者推出游戏并设法赚钱时,就有了更大的自由度,这与他们在PC时代所习惯的模式有天壤之别。就在其他厂商纷纷投入巨资收购流媒体技术、专利和公司时,英伟达可能早已利器在手,胜券在握。”This expansion into manufacturing and marketing branded gaming hardware is quite a change for Nvidia. The company is primarily known as the maker of Tegra chipsets, which power everything from smartphones to the entertainment systems in cars, and GeForce graphics cards. Nvidia shipped the Shield portable in July 2013 and the Shield tablet in July 2014. Both of those devices remain on the market today, with prices starting at 0 and 0, respectively.对英伟达来说,拓展到生产领域并直接营销品牌游戏机,是一次重大转变。这家公司早年以生产图睿芯片和GeForce显卡而享誉业界。从智能手机到车载影音系统,都离不开图睿芯片。2013年7月,英伟达推出了便携式“盾”游戏机,2014年7月,它又推出了“盾”平板电脑。这两款产品至今在售,售价分别是200美元和300美元起。Lewis Ward, gaming research manager at IDC, believes Nvidia entered the games hardware space because Sony, Microsoft, and Nintendo all decided to use technology from Nvidia’s competitor AMD for their latest consoles (Sony and Microsoft previously used Nvidia technology for PlayStation 3 and Xbox 360.)国际数据公司游戏业研究经理路易斯o沃德认为,英伟达之所以进入游戏硬件领域,是因为索尼、微软和任天堂公司纷纷决定在其最新游戏机上使用英伟达的死对头——AMD公司的技术(而索尼PlayStation 3和微软Xbox 360使用的皆是英伟达的技术)。“Nvidia has the chipsets and it’s not a massive Ramp;D investment to transition to a fully commercialized hardware service,” Ward says. “Nvidia is not going to win this console battle, but it’ll carve out a niche of the HD TV gaming experience that will make investors happy and please the rabid gaming fan base.”沃德称:“英伟达本来就自产芯片,要转向完全商业化的硬件务并不需要巨额研发投入。英伟达并不打算赢得这场游戏机大战,但它会开拓出一片高清电视游戏体验的细分市场,这会让投资者满意,也会让游戏迷们大呼过瘾。”Ward sees the Shield console as an innovative product that also serves as an example of what can be done with Nvidia’s Tegra chips and Grid streaming technology. It’s a proof-of-concept that Ward believes Nvidia would ultimately sell to an original equipment manufacturer for the right price.沃德认为“盾”是一款创新产品,也是用来明英伟达图睿芯片和Grid流媒体技术实力的绝佳例。这也是一款带有概念验性质的产品。沃德相信,英伟达最终会以合适的价格把它卖给一家原始设备生产商。 /201504/371644The European car industry was shaken yesterday after Volkswagen’s share price fell almost 20 per cent over its admission that it cheated on US emissions tests, triggering calls for a broader inquiry into the sector.大众汽车(Volkswagen)承认其在美国的尾气排放测试中造假后,昨日股价暴跌近20%,还引发了对整个行业展开全面调查的呼吁。消息震惊欧洲汽车业。More than ㄠ3bn was wiped off VW’s market capitalisation, triggering a wider fall in carmakers’ shares, after Martin Winterkorn, the group’s chief executive, apologised and ordered an external investigation into the affair.大众汽车的市值蒸发逾130亿欧元,并拖累其他汽车制造商股价。该集团首席执行官文德恩(Martin Winterkorn)已就测试造假道歉,并下令对这件事展开外部调查。The German government called for an urgent probe into whether VW and other carmakers had also manipulated emissions’ tests in Germany. Sigmar Gabriel, Germany’s vice-chancellor, said it was a “bad episode” for the car industry.德国政府要求紧急调查大众等汽车制造商是否也曾在德国接受排放测试时造假。德国副总理西格马尔加布里尔(Sigmar Gabriel)表示,这是汽车行业的一个“不光篇章”。The world’s second-biggest carmaker was ordered on Friday to recall nearly half a million cars in the US after it admitted to the US regulator, the Environmental Protection Agency, that it had fitted “defeat devices” to bypass environmental standards.世界第二大汽车制造商上周五被勒令在美国召回近50万辆汽车,此前它向美国监管机构——国家环境保护局(EPA)承认,它曾安装“欺骗装置”以便冒充达到环保标准。The EPS and California Air Resources Board have now begun procuring other manufacturers’ vehicles to test for similar devices, while Berlin plans to examine whether emissions data have been manipulated.美国国家环保局和加州空气资源委员会(California Air Resources Board)已开始采购其他厂商的汽车,以测试其是否安装了类似装置,而德国官方拟审查排放数据是否曾纵。The news prompted a fall in carmakers’ shares with Daimle, BMW, Renault and PSA Peugeot Citro渀 each being sold off amid investor concerns over the potential scale of the cost to the broader industry. VW faces billions of dollars in fines and warranty costs, possible criminal charges for executives and class-action lawsuits from US drivers.这一消息导致汽车制造商股价纷纷下跌,戴姆勒(Daimler)、宝马(BMW)、雷诺(Renault)和标致雪铁龙(PSA Peugeot Citro渀)均遭到抛售,投资者担忧整个行业潜在面临巨额成本。大众面临着数十亿美元的罚款和保修成本,还可能被美国车主提起集体诉讼,该公司的高管可能面临刑事指控。 /201509/400253

  The Silk Road丝绸之路In the Han Dynasty,China established extensive contacts with various nationalities and kingdoms outside its domain through the Silk Road.Zhang Qian pioneered this route. During the reign of Emperor Wu,the Huns in the North often harassed the frontier of the Han Dynasty,and controlled dozens of small kingdoms in the Western Regions.汉代,中国通过“丝绸之路”与域外各民族建立了广泛的交往。这条线路的开辟,首先要归功于张赛。汉武帝时,北方匈奴常常袭扰汉朝边境,还控制了当时西域的几十个小国。In 138 .,Emperor Wu sent Zhang Qian with a delegation of over 100 people on a diplomatic mission to the Western Re-gions to seek allies against the Huns.Zhang Qian was captured by the Huns just as he left the Han territory,and was held prisoner for a dozen years. During this period,he learned the Hun language,and got to know well the geography of their territory. Escaping from the Hun encampment, Zhang Qian made his way back to Chang’an,with only one companion left of the 100 who had set out.公元前138年,汉武帝派张赛带100多人出使西域,联络大月氏,准备左右夹攻匈奴。没想到刚出边境,张赛就被匈奴抓住了。在被扣留期间,他学会了匈奴语,掌握了匈奴的地形。十多年后,张鸯逃了出来。当年与他同去的100多人,只剩下两人回到长安。In 119 ,Emperor Wu sent Zhang Qian on a second diplomatic mission to the Western Re-gions. This time,he had an entourage of 300,with tens of thousands of cattle and sheep anda large amount of gifts.They visited many countries,and these coun-tries sent envoys to return their visit to the Han court.From then on,the Han Dy-nasty had frequent contacts with the countries in the Western Regions,later setting up a Western Regions Frontier Command in today’s Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Re-gion,which was under the administration of the central government. The Silk Road was another outcome of Zhang Qian’s journeys.公元前119年,汉武帝再次派张赛出使西域,这次随行的有300多人,带去了上万头牛羊和货物。他们访问了许多国家,这些国家也派了使臣带礼物回访。从此以后,汉朝和西域的往来越来越多。后来,汉还在今天新疆地区设了西域都护府,归中央政府管理。张赛出使西域,开辟了中西交流的“丝绸之路”。The Silk Road started from Chang’an in the east and stretched westward to reach the eastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea and the Roman Empire. Trade caravans from China carrying large amounts of silk fabrics exchanged merchandise with traders from Persia,India and Greece, and brought home walnuts, grapes and carrots from abroad. In the fol-lowing several centuries,Sino-Western exchanges mainly characterized by the silk trade were mostly carried on through the Silk Road.“丝绸之路”东起长安,向西到地中海东岸,转至罗马帝国。汉朝的商队,运大量的丝织品同波斯人、印度人、希腊人交换商品,同时带回了外国的核桃、葡萄、胡萝卜等。此后的许多世纪,以丝绸贸易为主的中西交流大多经过“丝绸之路”进行。 /201512/410688


  There is a new substance that is harder than diamond. It#39;s called Q-carbon, and it was created by researchers at North Carolina State University.北卡罗莱纳州立大学的研究人员研发出一种名为“Q-碳”的新物质,其硬度比钻石还高。;The only place it may be found in the natural world would be possibly in the core of some planets,; Jay Narayan, lead author on the papers describing the work, said in a statement.研究论文的第一作者杰伊·纳拉杨在声明中说:“自然界中,可能也就只有在某些行星的内核处能找到这种物质了。”Before its discovery, there were two distinct forms of solid carbon: graphite and diamond. Q-carbon is not only harder than diamond, but also glows when exposed to low levels of energy. That could make it very useful for creating strong, bright screens for electronic devices.该物质被发现前,固体碳只有两种不同形态:石墨和钻石。Q-碳不仅硬度比钻石高,处于低能量状态下还能发光。这种特性使它尤其适用于制造电子设备坚硬、明亮的显示屏。Researchers created the Q-carbon by blasting material covered in amorphous carbon (i.e. carbon without a crystalline structure) with a single laser pulse.要想生成Q-碳,研究人员需利用单脉冲激光冲激材料表面的无定形碳(即无晶体结构的碳)。They can cool the material to create either Q-carbon or tiny diamonds. Those diamonds could be used to build things such as microneedles for medical use, or electronics that can withstand extremely high temperatures for other industries.然后将材料冷却,即可得到Q-碳或碎钻。这种钻石可以用来制作医用微型针头,或是用来制造能耐极端高温的工业电子元件。;And it is all done at room temperature and at ambient atmosphere — we#39;re basically using a laser like the ones used for laser eye surgery,; Narayan said. ;So, not only does this allow us to develop new applications, but the process itself is relatively inexpensive.;“这一系列过程都是在室温和普通的大气环境下完成的,我们所用的激光也和眼部激光手术用的那种差不多,”纳拉杨说道。“因此,我们不仅能继续研发这种物质的新用途,而且研发成本也相对低廉。” /201512/414290。


  Google’s new chief financial officer on Thursday promised to bring greater discipline to the company’s cost controls, as well as to its ballooning capital spending on its most ambitious “moonshot” projects.周四,谷歌(Google)新任首席财务官露丝波拉特(Ruth Porat)承诺,要对公司的成本控制和最雄心勃勃的“Moonshot”项目不断膨胀的资本出,实施更严格的管理。The comments came as shares in the internet search company jumped almost 12 per cent in after-market trading, adding more than bn to its market value, after it topped most analysts’ earnings forecasts and met expectations for net revenues in its latest quarter.在她做这番表态之际,这家互联网搜索公司的股价在盘后交易中暴涨近12%,市值增加逾400亿美元。此前,谷歌发布了最近一个季度的财报,该公司盈利超出多数分析师的预期,净收入则符合分析师的预期。Financial analysts have looked to Ruth Porat, a former Morgan Stanley CFO, for a more Wall Street-friendly approach from Google, which pledged at its IPO more than a decade ago that it would keep its sights firmly set on the long term rather than on quarterly earnings.金融分析师们期待这位根士丹利(Morgan Stanley)前首席财务官能使谷歌变得对华尔街更友好。在10多年前上市时,谷歌发誓将牢牢着眼于长期、而非季度盈利。Besides keeping a closer eye on how the company prioritises its spending, Ms Porat said she was looking into extending Google’s financial disclosure. The company’s refusal to give more information about its ever-widening range of new businesses, even as its costs have risen and its growth slowed, has become as source of frustration on Wall Street.波拉特说,除了更密切关注公司出的优先顺序外,她还准备扩大谷歌财务披露的范围。谷歌拒绝就其不断扩展的新业务披露更多信息(即便是在它的成本已经上升、增长已经放缓之际),这让华尔街感到沮丧。However, Ms Porat stopped short of setting targets that limit cost growth and expressed strong support for the financial objectives set by chief executive Larry Page, who has repeatedly brushed aside Wall Street’s concerns and stressed the growth potential in new markets ranging from life sciences to the “smart home” of the future.然而,波拉特没有设置成本目标来限制成本上升,并对首席执行官拉里椠奇(Larry Page)设定的财务目标表示强烈持。后者一再对华尔街的担忧表示不屑,并强调了从生命科学到未来“智能家居”等一系列新市场的增长潜力。“To be clear, the priority is revenue growth, but pursuing revenue growth is not inconsistent with expense management,” Ms Porat said on a call with investors on Thursday.“需要明确的是,最优先的是收入增长,但追求收入增长与出管理并不矛盾,”波拉特周四与投资者通电话时说。Google reported pro forma earnings per share of .99, up from .99 a year before, and higher than the .74 analysts had been expecting, amid signs that the inflation in its operating costs was moderating after recent quarters.谷歌的预估每股收益从一年前的4.99美元升至现在的6.99美元,高于分析师此前预期的6.74美元。目前迹象表明,经过最近几个季度,该公司营业成本的膨胀正在放缓。Google used its latest earnings call to fight back against recent fears on Wall Street that YouTube has been losing ground to Facebook in online . Total views on the site were up 60 per cent, the highest growth rate in two years, with mobile views doubling, Ms Porat said.谷歌利用此次财报电话会议回击了华尔街最近的担忧,华尔街近来一直担心YouTube在在线视频领域正在输给Facebook。波拉特说,YouTube网站的总浏览量增加了60%,为两年来的最高增速,而移动端的浏览量翻了一番。Google’s gross revenues, at .73bn, came in slightly below analysts’ consensus view.谷歌177.3亿美元的总收入略低于分析师的共识预期。 /201507/386335

  Studying? Don#39;t answer that text学习中?别理那条短信Cell phone use and texting are increasingly common, especially among teens. And that could be a problem. Texting affects learning and performing on tests, a new study finds. On average, students who responded to texts while working got lower scores. This trend held even for teens who felt they could multitask effectively.手机的使用以及发短信变得日益普遍,尤其是在青少年中。这是一个严重的问题。新研究发现收发短信会影响学习及考试时正常水平的发挥,通常学生在学习时收发短信会导致低分。这一定义也适用于年轻人认为他们能有效率的兼顾多项工作这一情况。Many students think that multitasking has no effect on how they perform in school, says Colter Norick, 17. (Multitasking is when a person tries to do more than one thing at the same time.) So the Montana teen and his 16-year-old brother Colin decided to test that notion.许多学生认为多重任务不会影响他们在学校的表现,17岁的Colter Norick表示。(多重工作指的是一个人同时兼做多项事情)。因此蒙大拿州这一青年和他16岁的弟弟Colin打算对这一定义进行验。They recruited 47 classmates to take part in a two-phase experiment. The goal was to gauge how well these students understood written material. Each participant had to a paragraph or two about a certain topic, then answer a question about it.他们召集了47名同学来进行两个阶段的测试。目标是测评这些学生对书面材料理解程度。每个参与者都将针对一个特定的话题阅读一到两篇文章,然后根据文章回答问题。In the first phase, the teen participants had 15 minutes to digest and then answer questions about six ings. Throughout this testing, the volunteers encountered no distractions.在第一阶段,参与者用15分钟去理解并回答六篇阅读,整个测试过程中参与者无一分心。A little later, Colter and Colin had their recruits tackle a new set of ings. This time, the brothers used a computer program to send texts to the volunteers#39; cell phones every 90 seconds. In each text, a fictional character named ;Bob; asked questions that required a reply. One example: What#39;s your favorite type of music?然后Colter和Colin让他们的参与者开始进行下一轮的阅读测试,这次,两兄弟使用电脑程序给参与者的手机每隔90秒发一条信息,在该信息中,一个叫;Bob;的虚拟人物对参与者提出问题并要求回答,比如说他会问:你最喜欢什么类型的音乐?Results were telling, the Norick brothers found. In theory, volunteers should have scored better, not worse, on the second test because it was slightly easier. In fact, the recruits scored 9 percent worse overall when distracted by incoming texts asking for some response. Only a few students scored as well when replying to texts as they did when undistracted. But importantly, Colter and Colin say, nobody performed better during the texting phase.Colter和Colin的结果显示从理论上来讲,参与者本应该在第二次相对来说较容易的测试中取得更好而不是更糟的成绩,而事实上,当测试者收到要求回复的短信并被分散注意力时,他们的成绩整体下降了9%,只有几个人的成绩没有下滑,而他们也收到了短信,并没有分心。Colter和Colin表示最关键的是在短信测试过程中没有一个人的表现是更好的。译文属 /201506/377846

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