原标题: 宁夏回族自治区拟鳄龟艾氏拟水龟鼋伯格海角陆龟挺胸龟饼干龟缅甸星龟中华草龟价格怎么养中华网
Any spoken language thats used by real people has them.任何口语都有这些词语。If you happen to speak Japanese, think about that little word ;ne; that you use at the end of a lot of sentences.如果你会说日语的话,想想你在很多句子后面加上的那个“ne”字。If you listen to the way black youth today speak, think about the use of the word ;yo.;如果你听现在的年轻黑人说话,想想这个词“yo”的使用。Whole dissertations could be written about it, and probably are being written about it.这都够写学术论文的了,说不定人们已经开始写了。A pragmatic particle, thats what LOL has gradually become.LOL已经逐渐演变成了一个口头禅。Its a way of using the language between actual people. Another example is ;slash.;这就是人们使用语言的一种方式。另外一个例子是“slash.”(斜线符号)Now, we can use slash in the way that were used to,看看这个句子,;我们要去一个派对along the lines of, ;Were going to have a party-slash-networking session.;同时(slash)来扩展一下人脉,slash这里连接派对和扩展人脉两个活动。Thats kind of like what were at.我们通常这么使用这个字。Slash is used in a very different way in texting among young people today.今天Slash这个字用在年轻人的短信里却有非常不同的意思。Its used to change the scene. So for example, this Sally person says,它被用来转换话题。比如说,这个萨莉说,;So I need to find people to chill with; and Jake says, ;Haha;“我想找个伴儿来陪我”,然后,杰克说,“哈哈”you could write a dissertation about ;Haha; too, but we dont have time for that你也可以写一篇关于“哈哈”的论文,但是我们没有时间聊它了;Haha so youre going by yourself? Why?;“哈哈,所以你自己去?为什么?”Sally: ;For this summer program at NYU.;萨莉说:“是今天夏天在纽约的项目。”Jake: ;Haha. Slash Im watching this with suns players trying to shoot with one eye.;杰克:“哈哈。Slash(对了),我正在看这个视频,太阳队的球员正试着用一只眼投篮。”The slash is interesting. I dont really even know what Jake is talking about after that,这个Slash在这里很有趣。我都不知道杰克这之后到底在说些什么,but you notice that hes changing the topic.但是大家注意到他在转换话题。Now that seems kind of mundane, but think about how in real life,这看上去很平常,但是想想我们的现实生活,if were having a conversation and we want to change the topic, there are ways of doing it gracefully.如果我们在谈话中想转换话题,有很多很好的方式。You dont just zip right into it. Youll pat your thighs and look wistfully off into the distance,你不会随便地单刀直入。你会拍拍大腿然后若有所思的看着远方,or youll say something like, ;Hmm, makes you think;或者你会说,“嗯......”来假装你在思考着,when it really didnt, but what youre really -- what youre really trying to do is change the topic.但实际上,实际上你正在试图切换话题。201703/500555one is 1949 to 1991, when the Soviet Union broke up,第一个时期从1949年到1991年苏联解体and what we were dealing with, at that point and through those years, was a superpowers nuclear arms race.我们要关注的是在这些年间有一场超级大国之间的核军备竞赛It was characterized by a nation-versus-nation, very fragile standoff.这场核军备竞赛最主要的特点就是,国家之间的对立导致核战争一触即发And basically, we lived for all those years, and some might argue that we still do,基本上可以毫不夸张地说,我们那些年,有些人认为直至今日情况仍然是in a situation of being on the brink, literally, of an apocalyptic, planetary calamity.就像走在世界末日的悬崖边,Its incredible that we actually lived through all that.我们能活到现在简直是难以置信We were totally dependent during those years on this amazing acronym, which is MAD.这些年我们(之所以能活下来)完全是依赖于这个神奇的叫做MAD的东西It stands for mutually assured destruction.它是“确保相互毁灭”的缩写So it meant if you attacked us, we would attack you virtually simultaneously,它的意思是,如果...如果你袭击我,我也会袭击你,双方几乎同时发动袭击and the end result would be a destruction of your country and mine.这样做的结果就是你我两国同时被摧毁So the threat of my own destruction kept me from launching a nuclear attack on you. Thats the way we lived.因此由于担心我自己被毁灭,我不会发射(核武器)来对你进行核打击。这就是我们为什么能活下来And the danger of that, of course, is that a mising of a radar screen could actually cause a counter-launch,不过这么做的危险就是,雷达的一次误报就可能引发一次反击even though the first country had not actually launched anything.即使另一个国家事实上根本没有发射任何东西During this chapter one,在这个时期there was a high level of public awareness about the potential of nuclear catastrophe,民众很清楚地意识到确实可能发生潜在的核灾难and an indelible image was implanted in our collective minds一个难以抹掉的画面出现在每个人的脑海中that, in fact, a nuclear holocaust would be absolutely globally destructive那就是一次核灾难将带来全球性的毁灭and could, in some ways, mean the end of civilization as we know it.而且,从某个角度来说,这也意味着人类文明将走到尽头So this was chapter one.这就是第一个时期Now the odd thing is that even though we knew that there would be that kind of civilization obliteration,不过奇怪的是,即使我们知道可能会发生这种文明灭绝we engaged in America in a series -- and in fact, in the Soviet Union -- in a series of response planning.我们美国人正忙于一系列--事实上苏联也一样--一系列应对措施It was absolutely incredible.这简直让人难以置信So premise one is wed be destroying the world, and then premise two is, why dont we get prepared for it?一方面是我们随时都可能毁灭世界,另一方面我们却在考虑如何为此做好准备?So what we offered ourselves was a collection of things.所以,我们提出了一堆方案。Im just going to go skim through a few things, just to jog your memories.我将只回顾其中的几个,只是为了唤起你们的回忆If youre born after 1950, this is just -- consider this entertainment, otherwise its memory lane.如果你是1950年之后出生的,你可以把这些当作,或者是怀旧201605/440841

032 cooking Words Utensils bowl pan mix plate knife fork spoon chopsticks stir boil fry chop cut Slice raw vegetable meat ingredients cooker hotplate oven grill spices add heat Simmer bake Beginner A: do you like cooking? B: I love it. I really enjoy creating a meal from various ingredients and watching my friends enjoy it. It gives me a real sense of satisfaction. Do you enjoy cooking? A; I don’t like it. It takes up too much time and I really hate having to clean up after the meal. I can’t stand doing the washing up, drying up, and putting all the dishes and cutlery away. B; you can ask the guests to help. My guests usually insist on doing the washing up. I just have to remind them where everything goes. A: so, what kind of dishes do you usually make? I know you like Italian food. B: Italian, Indian, and Chinese. I’ve only recently started cooking Chinese meals and I need some more practice. A; do you find it hard to get ingredients for Chinese food? B: not at all. You can find most of them at supermarket. The ingredients are usually the same as in western food. The way that the food is prepared is the big difference, not the ingredients. A: how long does it take you to cook a meal for five or six people? B; obviously, it depends on what I’m cooking, but I ‘d say it generally takes about one and a half hours. Intermediate A: hi. You said that you might need some help with preparing dinner. What would you like me to do? B; thanks for coming over to help. I really appreciate it. First, could you peel the vegetables? I’ve put them all in the skin and there’s a peeler. A: Ok, I’ll peel the vegetables and you chop them. I’m terrible at chopping vegetables. I always seem to chop them into pieces that are either too big or too small. … wow! You can chop vegetable really quickly, just like professional chefs on TV! B; after you’ve chopped the vegetables, could you fry the meat in a little oil? Just use a very small amount of oil. Fry the meat until it is cooked, then we’ll add some spices to flavor it. A: which spices are you going to add to the meat? B; these ones here. The one on the left is very spicy, so we must be careful about how much we add. A: yes. We don’t’ want everyone to burn their mouths and have a drink gallons of water! OK. I’m really to do the meat. Should I cook it over a low flame? B; cook it over a high flame, so that it will be y quickly. Keep stirring the meat around the frying pan. Don’t let the meat stick to the bottom of the pan. A; right. What are you doing over there? B; I’m mixing the sauce. It’s my specialty. I make it according to my own secret recipe! /200705/13131A潘玮柏教学地道日常口语 16 /200707/15461英语日常口语 37:The interview本单元是关于面试的对话Interviewer: How long have you been working at McCarthy's? Tim: For the last 3 years. Interviewer:And have you always worked in retail?Tim: Yes I have. In fact ever since I was young I've been interested in commerce. My first job was in a newsagent's when I was still at school.Interviewer:I see, and what are your strengths and weaknesses?Tim: Well, some might say I'm a little head-strong. I do leap into projects and sometimes my enthusiasm can be a bit overwhelming. My strengths? I'm a great team-player. For example, when the stockroom was understaffed recently, I jumped at the chance to help out. Interviewer:Lovely. Well thank you for coming in today. We'll be in touch very soon. Vocabulary:(词汇)to jump at the chance: (抓紧机会)to eagerly accept a challenge or chance to do something本单元语言点是现在完成进行时,现在进行时是动作发生在过去,现在还在持续进行,请看下面的解释和例句。Present perfect continuousWe can use the present perfect continuous to: 1. talk about an activity which started in the past and is still going on now: He has been working here for three years. He started working in McCarthy's in 2003 and now (in 2006) he's still working there.She' s been living in London since 2000. 2. talk about a past activity which has a result in the present:Have you been decorating? Your clothes are covered in paint!He 's been working all day so he is tired now.The present perfect continuous has two parts - the main verb and the auxiliary verbs.The form - the main verb:(句型 - 主要动词)He has been thinking about it for ages.She's been driving since 4 o'clock. In these examples, the main verbs are 'to think and 'to drive'. In the present perfect continuous, we use the present participle form of the main verb (ing).The form - the auxiliary verbs:(句型 - 助动词)The auxiliary verbs are 'to have ' + ' to be'. When we make the present perfect continuous we use the present simple form of 'to have' + been: I/you/we/they have been ...he/she/it has been ...The 'have' form is often shortened to: I 've , she 's , we 've , etc.He 's been learning English for six months.They' ve been looking for a house for months. We use the auxiliaries to make negatives, questions and use only the 'have' auxiliary in short answers. I haven't been living here long.Has she been watching TV all morning?Yes, she has.No, she hasn't. For and since:(表时间介词)For and since are often used with the present perfect and present perfect continuous. We use for when we're talking about a period of time and since when we mention the start of a period of time. For......15 minutes ...three hours/days ...a week/month/year ...a long time ...ages Since......1993...breakfast-time/lunchtime...June/December...years...the war...Valentine's day/Christmas...10 April...6 o'clock...they were children...the last time Stative verbs:(静态动词)Stative (or state) verbs describe states (things that don't change easily or quickly, for example, what you believe, think or own) rather than actions (jump, talk or buy). These verbs are not normally used in the continuous form (ing). For example: I've been interested in commerce ever since I was young.She hasn't believed in Santa Clause for 20 years.For information about the stative verbs, see language point in episode – Another Round. /200707/16042

【中文这样说】昨晚他的房子被雷击了。【英文对比翻译】Chinese Style——His house was struck by thunder last night.American Style— His house was struck by lightning last night. /200604/63933_01 Calling a Taxi Hey! 嘿! Taxi! 出租车! Over here! 这里! How’re you doings? 你好吗? Thanks for stopping. 谢谢你停下来. Downtown , please. 请到市中心. I just arrived.. 我刚到. I want to go downtown. 我要到市中心. I want to see the sights. 我要看看值得看的东西. /200706/14134即学即用英语会话词典E部分:在饭店遇到困难进入《即学即用英语会话词典文本》下载页面即学即用英语会话词典这部词典着眼日常生活、学习、工作等语言环境,囊括了当今美国最最简洁、最地道的日常口语表达方式。本词典获得2002年全国优秀畅销书奖 /200708/16387

/200703/11398中级英语口语闪电速成[20] /200703/10746

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