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2019年09月23日 06:35:45 | 作者:百姓对话 | 来源:新华社
That is an astonishing statement and yet proven a thousand times every day of our lives. It expresses, in part, our inescapable connection with the outside world, the fact that we touch other peoples lives simply by existing.那是一个惊人的论断,在我们生活的每一天里被无数次实。它在某种程度上说明了我们与外部世界有无法脱离的联系,只要我们活着,就会对其他人的生活有影响。But how much more are you, Harvard graduates of 2008, likely to touch other peoples lives? Your intelligence, your capacity for hard work, the education you have earned and received, give you unique status, and unique responsibilities. Even your nationality sets you apart. The great majority of you belong to the worlds only remaining superpower. The way you vote, the way you live, the way you protest, the pressure you bring to bear on your government, has an impact way beyond your borders. That is your privilege, and your burden.但是,哈佛大学2008届的毕业生们,你们会对其他人的生活产生多大影响呢?你们的智慧、你们应对高难度工作的能力以及你们所接受的教育赋予了你们独特的地位和责任。甚至你们的国籍也让你们与众不同,你们中的绝大多数人都属于这个世界上唯一的超级大国。你们投票的方式,你们生活的方式,你们抗议的方式,以及你们给政府带来的压力,都会产生超越国界的影响力。这是你们的特权,更是你们的责任。If you choose to use your status and influence to raise your voice on behalf of those who have no voice; if you choose to identify not only with the powerful, but with the powerless; if you retain the ability to imagine yourself into the lives of those who do not have your advantages, then it will not only be your proud families who celebrate your existence, but thousands and millions of people whose reality you have helped to change. We do not need magic to transform my world, we carry all the power we need inside ourselves aly: we have the power to imagine better.如果你们选择用自己的地位和影响为那些没有发言权的人呐喊;如果你们不仅能认同有权势的人,而且也能帮扶无权势的人;如果你们会设身处地为没有你们这些优势的人着想,那么你们的存在将不仅是你们家人的骄傲,更是成千上万因为你们的帮助而生活得更好的人的骄傲。我们不需要用魔法改变世界,我们自己的内心就有这种力量:我们拥有想象力,可以让这个世界变得更美好。201402/275259Certain large investment firms have established freedom from connection 有些大投资公司建立起了脱离联系的自由But we as people never do 但我们作为人从不这样and were not supposed to, and we shouldnt want to 我们也不该这样 我们也不想这样We are individuals, obviously, but we are more than that 我们很显然是一些个人 但我们并不止这些So heres the thing about changing the world 下面是关于改变世界It turns out thats not even the question, because you dont have a choice 这实际上都不是问题 因为你们没有选择You are going to change the world, because that is actually what the world is 你们将要改变世界 这实际上是由世界的属性所决定的You do not pass through this life, it passes through you 不是你经过这一生 而是这一生从你身旁经过You experience it, you interpret it, you act 你只是体会它 解释它 然后你采取行动and then it is different 然后它就会变得不同That happens constantly 这会持续发生You are changing the world 你们在改变世界You always have been, and now 你们一直都在如此 而现在it becomes real on a level that it hasnt been before 在之前所未有过的层面上 它变得真实And thats why Ive been talking only about you and the tension within you 正因为此 我一直只讨论你们 以及你们心中的张力because you are not in a cliched sense, but in a weirdly literal sense, the future因为 你们是未来 这不是陈词滥调 它具有奇特的字面意义After you walk up here and walk back down, youre going to be the present 你们上台来 然后下台去 你们会成为当下You will be the broken world 你们将成为这个被打破的世界and the act of changing it in a way that you havent been before而且你们将以从未有过的方式改变它You will be so many things 你们将有很多作为and the one thing that I wish Id known and want to say 有一点我希望我早点知道 而且告诉你们is, dont just be yourself 也就是 别只成为你自己Be all of yourselves 成为所有的自己Dont just live 不要只是活着Be that other thing connected to death还要联系到另一端的死亡Be life. Live all of your life 过好生活 尊重所有的生活Understand it, see it, appreciate it 理解它 看透它 感激它And have fun. Thank you 并过得开心 谢谢201602/427070Christmas is a joyful and loving time when we welcome home far-flung family and friends, and relax and reminisce with those closest to us. It is also a time for reflection, and thanking those who have served us and protected us throughout the year – many of whom wont be home to spend Christmas with their family and close friends. In particular, we thank the men and women of the Australian Defence Force who are serving overseas this Christmas, as well as our police, security, emergency and firefighting services who will be keeping us safe on Christmas Day just as they do every day. We should also think of those less fortunate this Christmas. Poverty, loneliness, illness, the loss of loved ones – these shadows hang heavier at Christmas. We can lift some of those shadows by sharing our love with others – beyond our family and close friends. So, if you can donate time or money, charities like the Wayside Chapel, the Salvation Army, St Vincent de Paul Society, Meals on Wheels and Black Dog Institute among others do wonderful work all year, and especially at Christmas. I have been meeting here at North Bondi RSL this morning with some of our veterans, including the founder of Soldier On, John Bale. They do a great job helping the Anzacs of today recover from injuries and transition successfully to civilian life. You can donate to Soldier On too by visiting their website – www.soldieron.org.au. So from Lucy and me, and our family, to you and yours, we wish you a very Merry Christmas, a relaxing and safe holiday and a 2016 filled with peace, happiness and love.201601/419831And I just look at this, and I think, yes,看到这些,我想,是的we could take that so much further by allowing people to set targets我们能可以把它带到更广阔的境界,以让人们去设定目标的方式by setting calibrated targets,以设置校准目标的方式by using elements of uncertainty,以使用不确定因素的方式by using these multiple targets,以使用这些多重目标的方式by using a grand, underlying reward and incentive system,以一个浩大的,潜在的奖励和激励系统by setting people up to collaborate in terms of groups, in terms of streets to collaborate and compete,依靠建立合作以群体形式,路边组合形式协作,竞争to use these very sophisticated group and motivational mechanics we see.以这些我们看到的非常复杂的群体和激励机制In terms of education,这在教育方面perhaps most obviously of all, we can transform how we engage people.大概显然是最有效的就是我们可以改变和人共事的方式We can offer people the grand continuity of experience and personal investment.我们可以提供人们在经历和个人投资上浩大的连续性We can break things down into highly calibrated small tasks.我们可以把事情拆分为可高度校准的小任务We can use calculated randomness.我们能用数理随机性We can reward effort consistently as everything fields together.我们能持续奖励努力正如所有东西传递承接在一起And we can use the kind of group behaviors that we see evolving when people are at play together,并且我们能用这种群体行为,我们看到它在人们共同游戏时演变these really quite unprecedentedly complex cooperative mechanisms.这些极空前复杂的合作机制Government, well, one thing that comes to mind is the U.S. government, among others,政府,有件事在我脑海中浮现,那就是美国政府,是所有政府中is literally starting to pay people to lose weight.首次书面声明付费用给人们用于减肥So were seeing financial reward being used to tackle the great issue of obesity.所以我们在谈论财政激励被用于解决肥胖症的巨大问题But again, those rewards could be calibrated so precisely但,那些激励能够被如此精确地标量if we were able to use the vast expertise of gaming systems to just jack up that appeal,如果我们能够用游戏系统中庞大的专门技术来持这种需要to take the data, to take the observations, of millions of human hours去积累数据,执行观察分析代替百万人工作量and plow that feedback into increasing engagement.和艰苦劳动来反馈提升人的参与度And in the end, its this word, ;engagement,; that I want to leave you with.最后,关键词是,参与度,这是我要留给大家的Its about how individual engagement can be transformed这是关于如何用心理学和神经学的经验来转换by the psychological and the neurological lessons个人的参与行为we can learn from watching people that are playing games.我们可以从观察人的游戏中学习But its also about collective engagement这同时也是关于集体参与and about the unprecedented laboratory for observing what makes people tick这是前所未有的实验室,我们通过游戏世界这个平台and work and play and engage on a grand scale in games.观察什么让人行动,什么让人工作,游戏和投入And if we can look at these things and learn from them如果我们观察这些并从中学习and see how to turn them outwards,并找到将它通用到游戏之外的方法then I really think we have something quite revolutionary on our hands.那么我真的任务我们正在做的士一件具有革命性的事情Thank you very much.非常感谢201511/411968

The other thing is, before we get too arrogant about this 但别骄傲 另外一件事就是 We all spend 99.5% of our time to think about the 0.5% of us is different. 我们每个人都花费99.5%的时间 去想我们那0.5%的不同 Dont we? All of us 是吧 我们所有人 You walk down to the street, by a store window and you see your reflection 你在街上走 在商店窗户上看到了自己的映像 You think, oh I wish I was a little taller 你想着 唉 我要是再高点就好了 Thats also focus on that 0.5% Now that 0.5% matters, given Einstein the biggest brain ever measured, 那仍然是注意那0.5%的不同点 这0.5%很重要 爱因斯坦因此有了容量最大的大脑 He made pretty good use of it. Its a good thing 他把它使用得挺不错的 这是件好事 That 0.5% means LeBron James is hard to stop if hes driving for the basket 那0.5%意味着勒布朗?詹姆斯如果向着篮筐发起冲击 你很难阻挡他 The 0.5% matters But so does the 99.5% And thats why this service ethic counts 这0.5%确实重要 但那99.5%也同样重要 这就是公共务伦理重要的原因 And when you leave here I want you never to forget for the rest of your life, in good times and bad, that you live in an interdependent world 当你们离开之后 我希望你们 这辈子都不要忘记 无论境况好坏 你们生存在一个相互依存的世界中 and weve got to put it together, which means to be a good citizen 我们必须要齐心协力 即要做一位好公民 youve got to do something sometime for somebody else because they are just like you are 你就得在有些时候为他人做些事情 因为他们正像你一样 That is really, really important 这一点是非常非常重要的 The last point I wanna make is very good economics 我想说的最后一点跟经济学很是相关 A few years ago, an American journalist named James Surowiecki 几年前 一位名叫詹姆斯?索罗维基的美国记者 wrote a book called The Wisdom of Crowds, in which he chronicled all these experiments which all come down to this 写了一本书 名为群众的智慧 书中他记录了所有的实验结果 最终可归结为一点 If I pick twenty of you at random from this crowd, and I put you in a nice room in Howard 如果我在你们之中随便选出二十人 让他们待在霍华德大学一间舒适的房间内 201507/386429

And what you need to do is to honor that 你所需要做的 是尊重这个事实to understand it, to unearth it 去理解它 去挖掘它to listen to this other voice 去倾听这个相反的声音All right, Im losing this now, because 我现在要把帽子摘掉otherwise its coming off in a dramatic fashion at the wrong time 否则它肯定会在错误的时候 以很丢脸的方式飞出去I know. I worked on this hair for a long time, so 我知道 我头发很久前就这样了I had to bust it out 我需要去生发了You have, which is a rare thing 你们有一个很特别的东西that ability and the responsibility to listen to the dissent in yourself也就是 倾听自身异议的能力和责任to at least give it the floor, because it is the key至少是让它展现出来 因为这很关键not only to consciousness, but to real growth 不仅对意识而言 也对实际生长而言To accept duality is to earn identity 接受二元性 才能获得个人身份And identity is something that you are constantly earning 个人身份是你们一直在努力获得的事物It is not just who you are 它不仅仅是你是谁It is a process that you must be active in 这是一个你必须积极参与的过程Its not just parroting your parents or the thoughts of your learned teachers 这不仅仅是机械模仿父母或学的老师的思维方式It is now more than ever about understanding yourself so you can become yourself现在需要更多地理解自己 从而让你成为真正的自己I talk about this contradiction, and this tension 我讲了这个矛盾 这个张力theres two things I want to say about it 关于这个 我有两点要说的One, it never goes away 一是 它永远不会消失And if you think that achieving something, if you think that solving something如果你认为达到什么高度 解决什么问题if you think a career or a relationship will quiet that voice 或者拥有什么职业或关系就能平息这个声音it will not 那你就错了If you think that happiness means total peace 如果你认为幸福就是完全的平静you will never be happy 那你将永远无法幸福Peace comes from the acceptance of the part of you that can never be at peace 平静来自于对你内心深处永远无法平静这一事实的接受201602/427066

Sounds crazy. But this goes back to that theme about, you know, your imagination creating a reality. Because we actually created a reality where six months later I find myself in a Russian submersible two and a half miles down in the north Atlantic, looking at the real Titanic through a view port, not a movie, not a HD, for real!听起来很疯狂,但是这又回到了主题上,你知道,想象创造现实。因为我们确实创造了现实,六个月之后,我在北大西洋2.5英里深的水下的一艘俄罗斯潜艇里,透过舷窗看着真正的泰坦尼克号,不是在电影里,也不是高画质的,是真的。Now, that blew my mind. And you know, it took a lot of preparation, we had to build cameras and lights and all kinds of things. But, it struck me how much this dive, these deep dives was like a space mission. You know, where it was highly technical, and it required enormous planning. You get in this capsule, you go down to this dark hostile environment where there is no hope of rescue if you cant get back by yourself. And you know, I thought like, ;Wow. I am like living in a science fiction movie. This is really cool.;这让我非常惊讶。你知道,要做很多准备工作,我们得搭建摄影机,设计灯光和所有其他东西。但是令我震惊的是,这次深海拍摄多么像是一次太空任务。你知道,技术高端,准备工作繁杂。你进入潜水舱,你下到黑暗危险的环境中。如果你自己回不去,就没有获救的希望。你知道,我想,“噢,我好像生活在科幻电影里,这太酷了。”And so, I really got bitten by the bug of deep ocean exploration. Of course, the curiosity, the science component of it. It was everything. It was adventure. It was curiosity. It was imagination. And it was an experience that Hollywood couldnt give me. Because, you know, I could imagine a creature and we could create a visual effect for it. But I couldnt imagine what I was seeing out of that window. As we did some of our subsequent expeditions I was seeing creatures at hydrothermal vents and sometimes things that I had never seen before, sometimes things that no one had seen before, that actually were not described by science at the time that we saw them and imaged them. So, I was completely smitten by this, and had to do more.在深海探险的时候,我真的对深海生物很好奇,当然,好奇是科学研究的一部分。这就是全部,这就是冒险,这就是好奇心,这就是想象力。这是我在好莱坞体会不到的。因为我可以想象一种生物并且为之创造一种视觉效果。但是我想象不到我在窗外看到的那些东西。在我们随后做的那些考察时,我看到了一些深海温泉区的生物。我从来没见过这些生物,没有人见过。事实上,我们看到它们,想到它们的时候,并不能用科学描述出来。我完全被迷住了,所以我要做得更多。 /201311/263055

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