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抚顺精子库抚顺男性生殖医学科抚顺医院男科专家 听力参考文本:For 81 years, the majestic steamers the SS Columbia and the SS Ste. Claire took generations of Michiganders up and down the Detroit River to Boblo Island.The hour-long river cruise to the amusement park was pure magic.But the Boblo boats were taken out of operation in 1991, and the amusement park closed two years later.There sat the two boats, rotting and decaying for more than two decades.The Columbia has since been rescued by a group from New York State. Shes being fixed up and will be carrying passengers again, although not here in Michigan.Her sister, the SS Ste. Claire, was not as lucky.Now the Dan Austin of The Detroit Free Press is hoping to rally Michiganders to come together to save the Ste. Claire.In 2007, an emergency room physician named Ron Kattoo bought the Ste. Claire, and has been making progress renovating the ship, but as tells us, ;Its been a difficult process.;Kattoos plans were delayed by health issues, and in the interim the boat continued to decay, but Austin says the Ste. Claire has seen more work than her older sister.;He has been removing and replacing a lot of the rotted wood,; he tells us. ;Shes a little bit rough around the edges, a little worse for wear, but I still think that the bones are there.;Austin tells us that the Detroit Free Press editorial board has decided that if this cherished piece of Detroit history is going to be saved, it has to be done now.Dan Austin tells us more about the Boblo boats and how to move forward on restoration in our conversation above.201508/395652Family relationships家庭关系Divorce: a love story离婚:爱情故事的终结While the government talks up family values, marriage break-ups are soaring一边是政府弘扬家庭观念,一边是离婚率飙升。YANG YOURONGs wife kicks him as they walk upstairs and he falls back a few steps, then follows again at a distance up to the cramped offices of a district-government bureau handling divorces in Chongqing, a region in the south-east. After more than 20 years of marriage, Mr Yangs wife has had several affairs; she is “quick tempered”, he says (she had slapped him earlier, he claims). At the bureau, divorce takes half an hour and costs 9 yuan (.40). It is administered a few steps away from where other couples get married and take celebratory photographs. Mr Yang and his wife have second thoughts, however; they return home, still arguing. Most couples hesitate less.杨友荣上楼的时候被老婆踢了一脚,跌下几级台阶后又重新跟上,在老婆后面亦步亦趋地爬上已经挤满人的重庆某区民政局—他们是来办离婚的。20多年的婚姻中,杨的老婆多次出轨。“她是个急性子。”杨解释道,他之前还被老婆扇了一巴掌。在民政局,离婚只需要半个小时,花9块钱(约1.4美元)就能搞定。而不远处就是一对刚领结婚的夫妇在拍纪念照。杨氏夫妇决定再想想,但回家之后仍然争吵不休。大部分来离婚的夫妇都没这么犹豫。Divorce rates are rising quickly across China. This is a remarkable transformation in a society where for centuries marriage was universal and mostly permanent (though convention permitted men to take concubines). Under Communist rule, traditional values have retained a strong influence over family relationships: during much of the Mao era, divorce was very unusual. It became more common in the 1980s, but a marriage law adopted in 1994 still required a reference from an employer or community leader. Not until 2003 were restrictions removed.中国的离婚率增长得很快。这表明整个社会正在发生巨大改变,在过去的几百年里,结婚是一件很普遍且持续终生的事(尽管传统上允许男人纳妾)。在共产党的领导下,传统价值观念对家庭关系仍具有重要影响:在毛时代,离婚非常罕见,到了80年代则变得普遍,但1994年婚姻法的实施,仍规定离婚需要雇主或党内领导开具的说明材料,这项限制直到2003年才被取消。The trend reflects profound economic and social change. In the past 35 years, the biggest internal migration experienced by any country in human history has been tearing families apart. Traditional values have been giving way to more liberal ones. Women are becoming better educated, and more aware of their marital rights (they now initiate over half of all divorce cases). Greater affluence has made it easier for many people to contemplate living alone—no longer is there such an incentive to stay married in order to pool resources.这一趋势反映了经济和社会的重大变革。中国过去的35年经历了人类历史上最大规模的迁移,这直接导致了无数家庭的分崩离析。传统观念让位于更为自由的现代思想。女性受教育程度增加,也越来越意识到她们在婚姻中的权利(如今超过一半的离婚申请都是由女方提出的)。物质条件的改善让很多人不再担心独自生活——不必再为共享资源而被迫绑在婚姻里。As long as both sides agree on terms, China is now among the easiest and cheapest places in the world to get a divorce. In many Western countries, including Britain, couples must separate for a period before dissolving a marriage; China has no such constraints. In 2014, the latest year for which such data exist, about 3.6m couples split up—more than double the number a decade earlier (they received a red certificate, pictured, to prove it). The divorce rate—the number of cases per thousand people—also doubled in that period. It now stands at 2.7, well above the rate in most of Europe and approaching that of America, the most divorce-prone Western country (see chart). Chongqings rate, 4.4, is higher than Americas.中国已经成为全世界离婚最容易也是最便宜的国家之一,只要双方同意即可。在包括英国在内的许多西方国家,夫妻双方离婚前必须分居一段时间,而中国则没有此限制。据2014年最新统计数据显示,约有360万对夫妻分道扬镳,比十年前翻了一倍还不止(离婚的人会领到离婚并拍照)。离婚率已上升至2.7,跟同期相比也增加了一倍,该比值已经远超欧洲,直追美国这一离婚率最高的西方国家(见下表)。而重庆的离婚率则冲破了美国的平均值,高达4.4。Helped by the huge movement of people from the countryside into cities, and the rapid sp of social media, the availability of potential mates has grown with astonishing speed, both geographically and virtually. But many migrants marry in their home villages and often live apart from their spouses for lengthy periods. This has contributed to a big increase in extramarital liaisons. Married people previously had limited opportunities to meet members of the opposite sex in social situations, according to research by Li Xiaomin of Henan University. Peng Xiaobo, a divorce lawyer in Chongqing, reckons 60-70% of his clients have had affairs.由于人口大量从农村转移至城市,再加上社交媒体的兴起,在不同地域或不同年龄段内找到另一半的几率已经比从前大得多。但很多背井离乡的打工者都是先在家乡结婚,然后再和配偶长期分居,因此婚外情的现象越来越普遍。河南大学的李晓敏研究表示,已婚人士在之前的社会条件下遇到异性的机会很有限。重庆的离婚律师彭小波也表示,他的客户中有60%~70%的人都有过外遇。Such behaviour has led to much soul-searching. The notion that “chopsticks come in pairs” is still prevalent; propaganda posters preach Confucian-style family virtues using pictures of happy, multi-generation families. (President Xi Jinping is on his second marriage but this is rarely mentioned.) Many commentators in the official media talk of separation as a sign of moral failure; they fret that it signifies the decline of marriage, and of family as a social unit—a threat, as they see it, to social stability and even a cause of crime. The sp of “Western values” is often blamed.此举也给人们带来了深思。熟语“筷子成双成对,永不分离”一直深入人心。媒体也用四世同堂的和美家庭图画来倡导传统儒家家庭美德(事实上,习近平主席也是二婚,但这点很少为人所提及)。官方论及离婚,通常认为是道德风气败坏所致。他们担忧这标志着婚姻与家庭作为社会组成的意义大幅锐减——正如他们所能预见的,离婚对于社会的稳定性以及犯罪都是一大威胁。这些也常归咎于“西方价值观”的“泛滥”。But marriage is not losing its lustre. In most countries, rising divorce rates coincide with more births out of wedlock and a fall in marriage rates. China bucks both these trends. Remarriage is common too. The Chinese have not fallen out of love with marriage—only with each other.但是婚姻并未失去它的魅力。在大多数国家,与飙升的离婚率并发的还有婚外生子率的增加、结婚率的下降。中国却违背了这两种趋势。再婚现象也司空见惯。中国人并没有失去对婚姻之爱,只是他们不再爱对方而已。It is tradition itself that is partly to blame for rising divorce rates. Chinas legal marriage age for men, 22, is the highest in the world. But conservative attitudes to premarital relationships result in Chinese youths having fewer of them than their counterparts in the West (they are urged to concentrate on their studies and careers, rather than socialise or explore). Living together before marriage is still rare, although that is changing among educated youngsters. People still face social pressure to marry in their 20s. Their inexperience makes it more than usually difficult for them to select a good partner.不断攀升的离婚率部分是由传统观念本身所致。男性的法定结婚年龄是22岁(世上最大的婚龄)。但是中国年轻人对待婚前关系持保守态度,这就造成与西方的同龄人相比,他们中已婚的反倒还要少些(他们被迫关注于自己的学习与事业,而不是去与异性接触、交往)。婚前同居试婚仍旧罕见,尽管在一些受过教育的年轻人当中这一趋势日益改变。20多岁的未婚青年还面临着社会舆论压力。再加上,他们经验不足,更难找到好的灵魂伴侣。Couples ageing relatives are part of the problem too. Yan Yunxiang of the University of California, Los Angeles, says “parent-driven divorce” is becoming more common. As a result of Chinas one-child-per-couple policy (recently changed to a two-child one), many people have no siblings to share the burden of looking after parents and grandparents. Thus couples often find themselves living with, or being watched over by, several—often contending—elders. Mr Yan says the older ones interference fuels conjugal conflict. Sometimes parents urge their children to divorce their partners as a way to deal with rifts.夫妇的老年亲属也是他们离婚的诱因之一。来自洛杉矶加利佛尼亚大学的阎云翔指出“父母促使的离婚案件”也越来越常见。中国的独生子女政策造成许多人没有兄弟来分担照顾父母与祖父母的重担。因此夫妻常常与多个(通常是相互不和的)长辈同住或者受到他们的监视。阎云翔称长辈的干扰会给夫妻间的冲突火上浇油。甚至有时父母会迫使他们的子女与另一半离婚以解决家庭的矛盾冲突。Women are more likely to be the ones who suffer financially when this happens. Rising divorce rates reflect the sp of more tolerant, permissive values towards women, but legislation tends to favour men in divorce settlements. A legal interpretation issued in 2003 says that if a divorce is disputed, property bought for one partner by a spouses parents before marriage can revert to the partner alone. That usually means the husbands family: they often try to increase their childs ability to attract a mate by buying him a home.而当夫妻离婚时,更易遭受经济重创的一方是女性。攀升的离婚率也反映了社会对女性更为包容的价值观,但是司法体系更照顾离婚案件中男性的利益。2003年颁布的新婚姻法解释指出如果有离婚纠纷,婚前由一方父母出资为子女购买的不动产会被认定为夫妻一方的个人财产。这通常意味着男方家庭会努力购置房屋以增加他们求偶的吸引力。In 2011 the Supreme Court went further. It ruled that in contested cases (as about one-fifth of divorces are), the property would be considered that of one partner alone if that partners parents had bought it for him or her after the couple had got married. In addition, if one partner (rather than his or her parents) had bought a home before the couple wed, that person could be awarded sole ownership by a divorce court. This ruling has put women at a disadvantage too: by convention they are less often named on deeds.2011年,最高法院又进一步裁定如果婚后一方父母为子女出资购买不动产,该不动产应被认定为夫妻一方个人财产。另外,如果婚前一方(而不是一方的父母)购买的房产,那么该房产应归购买房产者(产权登记者)一人所有。这样的判决也使女性处于不利地位:通常,女人的名字很少登记在在房产上。In practice, if the couple has children the person with custody often keeps the home—more often the mother. Yet the courts interpretation sets a worrying precedent for divorced women. Their difficulties may be compounded by the two-child policy, which came into effect on January 1st. If couples have two children and both partners want custody, judges often assign parents one child each. Marriage and the family are still strong in China—but children clearly lie in a different asset class.事实上,如果夫妻有小孩,有监护权的一方一般享有房屋—通常是指母亲。然而依照最高法院颁布的解释,这项判例令离异女性堪忧。此外,一月一日开始生效的二孩政策又加剧了她们的困境。如果夫妻有两个小孩,而双方都要监护权,那么法官通常会判决双方分别抚养一个小孩。婚姻与家庭观念在中国依旧很强——但是孩子很明显地又是另一项资产。 翻译:邓小雪 amp; 颜琪琳 校对:杨霭琳 amp; 鲁城华 译文属译生译世 /201602/427659抚顺包茎手术花多少钱

抚顺市人民医院不孕不育收费好不好Shale gas页岩气Raise the pressure增加了开采压力Government dithering keeps frackers above ground政府仍就是否批准开采页岩气犹豫不决Inflated concerns担心通胀FOR all the debate about it, Britains shale-gas industry is minuscule. Whereas roughnecks in America have sunk many thousands of wells since a boom began more than a decade ago, Britain has fracked at only one test site, in Lancashire, and not since 2011. In a report published on May 8th, an all-party group from the House of Lords said that speeding shale-gas exploration should be an “urgent national priority”. So far, so familiar—and entirely in tune with the position of the coalition government. But the authors go on to blame the government, not green campaigners, for holding the frackers up.在所有对于页岩气的争议中,英国的页岩气企业发展最为迟缓。一百年前天然气开始发展时,美国的油井工人已经下探了数千油井了,而直到2011年,英国才在兰开夏郡一处试点进行油井开采。在一份发表于3月8日的报告中,上议院的一个全党组织称,加快页岩气勘探应成为“国家的紧急首要任务”。至今,这句话非常熟悉-与联合政府的处境非常一致。但是报告的撰写者旨在批评政府暂停油井开采,并非环保主义者。The Lords economic-affairs committee argues that shale gas could boost Britains economy while reducing its dependence on imports. It says that proper oversight can limit the environmental and health risks associated with fracking. And it recognises that burning more gas instead of coal—which is still used to generate more than one-third of Britains electricity—could be a cheap and sustainable way to lower the countrys carbon emissions while waiting for pricey renewable technologies to mature.上议院经济事务委员会称,页岩气会促进英国的经济发展,减少国家对进口天然气的依赖。委员会还称,适当的监管会控制油井开采对环境和健康方面的危害。该委员会还认为,燃烧更多的天然气以取代煤-目前仍为英国提供超过三分之一的电力-价格低廉,而且是降低整个国家碳排放更加可持续的方法,同时还可以等待造价高昂的可再生能源技术成熟。But a thicket of regulation has slowed progress to a crawl. Although dozens of test wells are needed even to calculate the extent of Britains shale-gas reserves, Cuadrilla, an oil and gas firm, reckons it could take more than a year to get clearance for each site. Part of the problem is that several government agencies share responsibility for approving fracking applications. The Lords worry that unwieldy rules will not make the business much safer but could prod shale-gas firms into seeking far richer pickings abroad.但繁琐复杂的管制拖累了进程以致发展缓慢。虽然仍需要数十个试验井以计算英国页岩气的储量的范围,据石油天然气公司Cuadrilla推测,要想开采每个试验井需要超过一年的时间。之所以出现这个问题,有部分原因是因为有几个政府部门同时监管批准油井的开采。上议院担心,庞杂的条条框框并不能使企业更加的安全,反而会刺激页岩气企业寻找国外富产油气田投资。Complaints about bureaucracy are embarrassing to a government that has promised to go “all out for shale”, and which is busily finding ways to stop critics beyond Westminster from holding up the industry. It has persuaded shale-gas firms to put £100,000 (0,000) into a fund for local causes each time they drill a test site. In January it promised to let local councils keep all the money frackers pay in business rates, up from half at present. Next month it will probably announce plans to make it easier for fracking firms to drill tunnels deep beneath peoples homes.关于官僚主义的抱怨使得政府颜面尽失,政府之前承诺“全力以赴页岩气”,而现在却忙于想方设法要平息议会关于阻碍产业发展的批评。政府曾建议页岩企业为每次钻探试验井投入10万英镑(约合17万美元)用以地方政府的补贴。今年一月,以市场价付补偿,目前只有市场价的一半。下个月,政府很可能宣布新计划,使钻探公司从居民屋子下钻隧道更为简单。Pushing through that proposal will mean fending off noisy opposition from environmental lobbies such as Greenpeace, which had hoped its supporters could use Britains aged trespass laws to make life difficult for shale-gas boosters. Such campaigns carry weight while most Britons are still making up their minds about the industry. The proportion in favour of fracking has shrunk since lively protests erupted at a drill site near Balcombe in Sussex last summer; it may keep sliding until a few pioneers prove it can be safe and unobtrusive. All the more reason to get cracking.推行这样的提案,意味着要抵挡来自环境保护游说团体,如绿色环保组织嘈杂的反对意见,这类团体希望,其持者能够利用英国行之有年的入侵法,使得那些持开采页岩气的人举步维艰。在大多数英国人构思自己对于工业看法的时候,这样的活动有举足轻重的作用。持开采的比例在去年一次发生在靠近苏塞克斯郡Balcombe市爆发的激烈抗议后有所缩小;而且还有可能继续下滑,直到有先驱者能够明,开采可以安全无害、不事张扬。所有的理由都是为了能够开采。翻译 周雨晴 校对 王化起 译文属译生译世 /201508/394938抚顺新宾县男科医院哪家好 Michigan Radios sports commentator John U. Bacon and Stateside Host Cynthia Canty break down last weekends Big Ten Football action.Ann Arbor and East Lansing were the scenes of some BIG butt-kickings over the weekend: Michigan State served up a 55-16 shellacking to the Nittany Lions—setting up the Spartans to face the Iowa Hawkeyes in the Big Ten Championship in Indianapolis next weekend, and Ohio State came to the Big House and embarrassed Michigan, 42-13.Plus, Bacon gives predictions on the Big Ten Championship and the college football playoffs.201512/412921抚顺割包皮过长包茎手术的费用

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