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The secretive billionaire who launched a hostile takeover bid for China’s largest property developer has emerged as one of the country’s richest people, illustrating how leveraged financial investments are propelling huge increases in private wealth.对中国最大房地产开发商发起敌意收购的神秘亿万富翁姚振华已成为中国最富有的人之一,这凸显出了杠杆金融投资正如何推动私人财富取得巨大增长。According to the Hurun Report’s annual China Rich List, Yao Zhenhua’s net worth surged more than nine times to .2bn last year, making him the country’s fourth richest person. Last year he was ranked 204th.2016年度的《胡润百富榜》显示,姚振华的净财富去年涨了倍,72亿美元,他也因此成为中国的第四大富豪。去年他的排名是04位。Wang Jianlin, the entertainment mogul behind a series of high-profile acquisitions in Hollywood, and internet tycoon Jack Ma retained their spots at the top of the list, with fortunes of .1bn and .6bn respectively.在好莱坞完成一系列高调收购的业大亨王健林、以及互联网巨头马云(Jack Ma)分别21亿美元和306亿美元的财富,保住了他们在榜单上的头名和次名位置。Mr Yao, 46, is based in the southern Chinese city of Shenzhen and first made his fortune in real estate. But it was his Baoneng Group’s foray into insurance and subsequent raid on Vanke, a cross-city property rival, that fuelled the estimated ninefold increase in his net worth in the space of a year.46岁的姚振华以深圳为大本营,在房地产上赚取了第一桶金。但他的净财富之所以能在一年内增长倍,凭借的是他旗下的宝能集Baoneng Group)进军保险业和随后对房地产业竞争对手万Vanke)展开“突袭”。万科在中国多座城市拥有业务。Baoneng is believed to have borrowed heavily to fund its share purchases in Vanke and is now the developer’s largest single shareholder with a 25 per cent stake.据信,宝能借入了大笔资金来购买万科的股票。现在,它已是万科最大的股东,持股比例为25%。“Yao represents the new wave of wealth creation by financial investments in China,said Rupert Hoogewerf, who compiles the annual list.《胡润百富榜》的编制者胡润(Rupert Hoogewerf,见文首图)表示:“姚振华代表了中国金融投资创造财富的新浪潮。”Baoneng’s raid has been bitterly resisted by Wang Shi, Vanke’s founder who has sought out white knights in a so far successful effort to retain control of the management-led company. The takeover battle fuelled a surge both in the price of Vanke’s Shenzhen-traded shares and Mr Yao’s known worth.宝能的“突袭”遭到了万科创始人王石的强烈抵制,后者寻找“白衣骑士”出手相助,迄今为止成功地保住了对这家由管理层主导的企业的控制权。这场收购大战既推动万科在深圳股市的股价大涨,又大幅推升了姚振华的已知财富。It is not unusual for the documented wealth of China’s richest people to surge suddenly or even for previously unknown tycoons to burst into prominence as stock exchange listings and other public investments thrust them into the spotlight.中国富豪的账面财富突然暴涨,乃至此前不为人知的大亨一跃成名,都不是什么稀罕事,在股市上市和其他公开投资会将他们一下子推到聚光灯下。“We miss a heck of a lot of people,Mr Hoogewerf told the Financial Times. “I was in Beijing two weeks ago and visited this investment company. In the space of one afternoon I discovered 30 people who went on to our rich list this year. Last year they were under our radar.”“还有大批人没有统计进来,”胡润对英国《金融时报》表示,“两周前我在北京拜访了这家投资公司。一下午的时间,我就发掘出了30个登上今年富豪榜的人。他们去年还不在我们的视线内。”Hurun’s China Rich List, which tracks more than 2,000 private entrepreneurs with a net worth of 0m or higher, added 179 names to its roster this year.《胡润百富榜》追踪000名净财富亿美元或以上的民营企业家,今年的榜单新增79位富豪。Hurun estimates that there are now 594 US dollar billionaires in China and another 94 in Hong Kong, Taiwan and Macau, compared with 535 in the US.胡润估计,中国内地目前有594位身家十亿美元以上的富豪,在香港、台湾和还有94位,而美国仅35位。Despite the surge of private wealth in China, the country’s billionaires have not yet cracked the top ranks of global rich lists. Hurun estimates that Mr Wang, China’s richest man and head of the Wanda group, ranks 26th globally.尽管中国的私人财富大幅增长,但中国的亿万富豪仍未跻身全球顶级富豪行列。胡润估计,中国首富、万达集Wanda Group)掌门人王健林在全球富豪中排名6位。Mr Hoogewerf said that Mr Wang delisted his group’s property arm from the Hong Kong stock exchange this year in the hope of realising a richer valuation for it on the Shanghai or Shenzhen bourse.胡润表示,王健林今年已将集团旗下的地产公司从港交所退市,希望该公司能在上海或深圳交易所实现更高的估值。If successful, Hurun estimates that Mr Wang’s net worth could soar past bn, making him one of the world’s 10 richest men.胡润估计,如果此举获得成功,王健林的净财富可能会猛增至00亿美元,令他跻身世界前十大富豪之列。来 /201610/472147The confrontation between the technology industry and the FBI over encryption has deepened after Apple pledged to fight a court order that it help unblock an iPhone used by the perpetrators of December’s San Bernardino shooting.苹果(Apple)声称将抗辩一项法院命令,该命令要求苹果帮助解锁去2月圣贝纳迪诺(San Bernardino)击案行凶者使用的一部iPhone。苹果此举令科技行业与美国联邦调查局(FBI)之间围绕加密的对抗加深。Tim Cook, Apple chief executive, said the federal court ruling was a “chillingexample of “over-reach by the US governmentand claimed the company was being asked “to build a back door to the iPhonewhich he said was “too dangerous to create苹果首席执行官蒂姆錠Tim Cook)表示,这份联邦法院裁决是“美国政府伸手过长”的一个“可怕”例子。他声称,法院要求苹果“在iPhone上创建一个后门”,他表示,“这么做太危险了”。The ruling has brought to a head a dispute over encryption and privacy between Silicon Valley and law enforcement that has been simmering for more than a year and sets up a legal showdown that could potentially end up in the Supreme Court. Mr Cook’s sharply-worded statement came hours after a Los Angeles judge said the company must provide “reasonable technical assistanceto the FBI in its efforts to get information off the phone.这项裁决使硅谷和执法机构之间发酵了一年多的有关加密和隐私的争议白热化,成为可能最终闹到最高法院的一次法律摊牌。库克发出上述言辞激烈的声明几个小时之前,一名洛杉矶法官表示,苹果公司必须向FBI提供“合理的技术援助”,帮其获取iPhone中的信息。Industry executives fear that US government pressure to weaken encryption could damage the credibility of their products which was aly hit by the 2013 Edward Snowden revelations. They also worry that authoritarian governments would force them to hand over the same techniques to get around security systems. “This is the most important tech case in a decade,Mr Snowden tweeted yesterday.科技行业高管害怕,美国政府在弱化加密上的施压,可能破坏其产品的可信度,2013年爱德华斯诺Edward Snowden)的爆料已经让其产品的可信度受损。他们还担心,威权政府将迫使他们交出同样的技术,用于绕过安全系统。“这是十年来最重要的科技案,”斯诺登昨日在Twitter上发言称。The FBI has been warning for months that new encryption procedures allow terrorists to “go darkfrom surveillance approved by courts and make it harder to conduct criminal and national security investigations.几个月以来,FBI一直在警告称,新的加密程序使恐怖分子可以对法院批准的监视“隐身”,使执行刑事和国家安全调查变得更困难。The iPhone belonged to Syed Rizwan Farook, who, alongside his wife, Tashfeen Malik, carried out a mass shooting at the San Bernardino County Department of Public Health. Mr Farook and his wife were later killed by police in a shootout.上述iPhone手机属于赛义德里兹万法鲁Syed Rizwan Farook)。他和妻子塔什费恩氠利Tashfeen Malik)在圣贝纳迪诺县公共卫生局(Department of Public Health)朝多人开。法鲁克和妻子随后在交火中被警察击毙。The ruling orders Apple to create software that would allow the FBI to try and break the password.法院裁决要求苹果公司开发让FBI能够尝试破解密码的软件。Mr Cook’s decision to publish an open letter to customers, rather than debating the issue through the courts or in private meetings with the authorities, is unusually forthright for the company.库克决定发布一封致用户的公开信,而不是在法庭上、或与当局在私下会议中辩论此问题,这对于苹果公司而言直率得非同寻常。Donald Trump called on Apple to open up the phone to authorities. “I agree 100 per cent with the courts.the Republican presidential candidate said.唐纳德礠朗普(Donald Trump)呼吁苹果为当局解锁那部iPhone。“我百分百认同法院的看法,”这位共和党总统竞选人表示。来 /201602/427264

On Oct. 17, an offering was given at Yasukuni Shrine on behalf of Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe.107日,日本首相安倍晋三委托他人代表自己出席靖国神社参拜仪式。However, the prime minister will not pay an in-person visit to the shrine during this years autumn worship.但是在今年秋季的靖国神社参拜活动当中,安倍晋三将不会亲自前往参拜。According to Japanese media analysis, Abe is likely giving priority to bettering Japans relationships with China and Korea, since the three countries recently coordinated on plans for a summit meeting.据日本媒体分析,安倍可能更优先于考虑改善和中韩两国的关系,因为最近中日韩三国就一场首脑会议计划进行了协商。On Oct. 10, Toshihiro Nikai, secretary-general of the Liberal Democratic Party (LDP), Japans governing party, indicated that Abe may dissolve the House of Representatives and conduct a new election.100日,日本自民党(日本执政党)秘书长二阶俊表示,安倍晋三可能会解散众议院,进行一场新的选举。Abes term will end in December 2018. If the LDP is able to extend Abes tenure and win the election, then Abe will remain in office at least until early 2021.安倍的任期将在20182月结束。如果自民党能够延长安倍的任期,那么安倍将可以继续执政至少021年年初。Japans Kyodo News Agency offered the theory that, behind Abes skirting of the delicate historical dispute is the politicians intention to remain in power for longer, giving him more time to realize his political agenda.日本共同社提出一套理论称,在安倍微妙历史纷争外衣的背后是其想要延长任期的野心,这样一来安倍晋三就会有更多的时间来实现自己的政治抱负。In order to revise the constitution, Abe will first attempt to reduce friction with Japans neighboring countries, who are otherwise likely to support his opposition.为了修改宪法,安倍将首先试图减少与日本周边国家的擦,否则这些国家就有可能会持他的反对方。At a memorial ceremony for victims of World War II on Aug. 15, Abe claimed that Japan would adopt a modest perspective on world history, but neglected to mention introspection or offer an apology.在今5日纪念二战遇难者的一场仪式上,安倍晋三声称,日本将对世界历史采取一个温和的看法,但是却对反省和道歉一事闭口不谈。Moreover, the question of how to keep his own support base and still mollify the right wing is an important one for Abe.此外,如何保持自己的持率、安抚日本右翼仍然是安倍面临的重要问题。来 /201610/474553

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