楼主:知道共享 时间:2020年01月27日 12:59:58 点击:0 回复:0
I try to be myself honest about my strengths and weaknesses 我努力做真实的自己 直面我的优点和缺点and I encourage others to do the same 我会鼓励别人也这么做It is all professional and it is all personal 一切都与职业相关 也都与个人相关all at the very same time 两者无时无刻不交融在一起As part of bringing my whole self to work 作为带着完整的自己去上班的一部分努力I recently started speaking up about 最近我开始公开谈论the challenges women face in the workforce女性在工作环境中面临的挑战something I only had the courage to do in the last few years 这也是我最近几年才有勇气做的事情Before this 在此之前I did my career like everyone else does it 我和大家一样小心翼翼地在职场上打拼I never told anyone I was a girl 我从没和别人强调 我是女儿身Dont tell 不说 原则I left the lights on 当我暂时回家照顾下孩子时when I went home to do something for my kids 我会把办公室的灯留着I locked my office door and pumped milk for my babies 当我锁上门在办公室边参加电话会议while I was on conference calls 边为我的宝宝们挤奶时People would ask,whats that sound? 有人会问 那是什么声音I would say,What sound? I hear a beep 我会说 什么声音?我听到哔的一声Oh, theres a fire truck really right outside my office 噢 我窗外正好有一辆消防车But the lack of progress weve made in the past decade 然而 由于我们在上个10年取得的进展很小has convinced me we need to start talking about this 我决定要开始公开讨论这点I graduated from HBS in 1995 我是1995年从HBS毕业的and I thought it was completely clear that by the time 当时我想 等到我们这届someone from my year was invited to speak at this podium 有人被邀请到这个讲台演讲的时候we would have achieved equality in the workforce 我们一定已经实现了工作上的男女平等But women at the top C-level jobs 但是在C级别的工作上are stuck at 15-16 percent 女性的比例始终停留在15%到16%and have not moved in a decade 10年来一点都没有变化Not even close to 50% 离50%还差很远and worse no longer growing 而且更糟的是 已经停止增长We need to acknowledge openly that 我们需要公开承认在执行级别的领导层gender remains an issue at the highest levels of leadership 性别仍然是个大问题The promise of equality is not equality 对平等的承诺不等于真正的平等We need to start talking about this 我们需要就此进行谈论201511/410529Its easier to help schizophrenics who perceive相对而言帮助精神分裂症患者更容易that theres something foreign inside of them that needs to be exorcised,他们认为自己身体里面有某些异质需要被驱除but its difficult with depressives,但对于抑郁症患者来说这很难because we believe we are seeing the truth.因为我们坚信自己看到的是事实But the truth lies.但事实是会说谎的I became obsessed with that sentence: ;But the truth lies.;我非常喜欢这句话“事实是会说谎的。”And I discovered, as I talked to depressive people,当我与抑郁症患者交谈时我发现that they have many delusional perceptions.他们有很多妄想出来的念头People will say, ;No one loves me.;人们会说,“没人爱我。”And you say, ;I love you, your wife loves you, your mother loves you.;然后你说,“我爱你,你的妻子爱你,你的母亲爱你。”You can answer that one pretty ily, at least for most people.你可以很快给出这个,至少对大多数人是如此But people who are depressed will also say,但是抑郁的人还会说;No matter what we do, were all just going to die in the end.;“不论我们做什么,最终都是要死的。”Or theyll say, ;There can be no true communion between two human beings.或者他们说,“两个人之间是不可能有真正的亲密交往的,Each of us is trapped in his own body.;我们每个人都被自己的身体所束缚了。“To which you have to say,对于这个你只有回应说;Thats true, but I think we should focus right now on what to have for breakfast.;“这点没错,但我觉得我们眼下要考虑的是早上该吃什么。“A lot of the time, what they are expressing is not illness, but insight,许多时候困扰他们的不是疾病本身,而是对一些事实的偏执and one comes to think whats really extraordinary他们会对一些事实超乎常人的在意is that most of us know about those existential questions and they dont distract us very much.但是对于我们绝大多数人而言,并不在意这些有关存在的问题There was a study I particularly liked in which a group of depressed我有一个特别喜欢的研究,是要一组抑郁症患者and a group of non-depressed people were asked to play a game for an hour,和一组非抑郁症患者分别打一小时的and at the end of the hour,一小时结束的时候问他们they were asked how many little monsters they thought they had killed.他们认为自己杀了多少只小怪兽The depressive group was usually accurate to within about 10 percent,抑郁组的往往准确,误差不超过百分之十and the non-depressed people guessed between 15 and 20 times as many little monsters as they had actually killed.而非抑郁组的人估计的小怪兽数量却是实际杀掉的15到20倍A lot of people said, when I chose to write about my depression,当我决定写下自己的抑郁经历时,许多人说that it must be very difficult to be out of that closet, to have people know.要揭开这个秘密让别人知道一定非常不容易They said, ;Do people talk to you differently?;他们说,”人们会用不一样的口吻跟你说话吗?“And I said, ;Yes, people talk to me differently.我说,”是的,人们用不一样的口吻跟我说话。They talk to me differently insofar as they start telling me about their experience,这种不一样体现在人们会告诉我他们自己的经历or their sisters experience, or their friends experience.或是他们的兄弟的经历,或是他们朋友的经历Things are different because now I know that depression is the family secret that everyone has.我现在明白,每个家庭都埋藏着一个抑郁的故事,这改变了我的看法201602/426251Ive always wanted to be a cyborg.我一直想成为一个半机械人。One of my favorite shows as a kid was ;The Six Million Dollar Man,;我小时候最喜欢的电视剧之一是“无敌金刚”,它的造价是六百万美元。and this is a little bit closer to the 240 dollar man or so, but --而这玩意儿的价值挺相近的,大约是240万美元,但是——At at any rate. I would normally feel very self-conscious and geeky wearing this around,不管怎样。而且我经常会感到拘谨,感觉有点儿怪异,穿着这个走来走去,but a few days ago I saw one world-renowned statistician swallowing swords on stage here,嗯,但是呢,今天前我看见一位举世闻名的数据专家在这个舞台上吞剑,so I figure its OK amongst this group.于是我就觉得在这群人里面我还算正常。But thats not what I want to talk about today.但是这不是我今天要谈论的话题。I want to talk about toys, and the power that I see inherent in them.我想要谈玩具,以及我从玩具中发现的天然的威力。When I was a kid, I attended Montessori school up to sixth grade in Atlanta, Georgia.当我还是个小孩的时候,我在大名鼎鼎的蒙特梭利学校读到了六年级。那是在佐治亚州亚特兰大。And at the time I didnt think much about it,那时,我并没有觉得有啥了不起。but then later, I realized that that was the high point of my education.但是后来,我发现那是我教育生涯中的制高点。From that point on, everything else was pretty much downhill.从那以后,一切都江河日下了。And it wasnt until later, as I started making games, that --等到后来,当我开始制作电脑游戏,那时我真的——I really actually think of them more as toys.我把它们当做是玩具。People call me a game designer, but I really think of these things more as toys.人们称我为游戏设计师,但是我却将(我设计的)那些东西当做玩具。But I started getting very interested in Maria Montessori and her methods,我开始对玛利亚·蒙特梭利和她的教育方法and the way she went about things,以及她的处事方式感兴趣。and the way she thought it very valuable for kids to kind of discover things on their own她很重视让孩子们自己去发现,rather than being taught these things overtly.而不是直接明白地向他们灌输这些知识。And she would design these toys, where kids in playing with the toys她会设计一些寓教于乐的玩具,would actually come to understand these deep principles of life and nature through play.使孩子们可以一边玩一边懂得一些有关人生和自然的深刻道理。And since they discovered those things, it really stuck with them so much more,因为这些道理是他们自己发现的,所以他们就会牢牢记住它们,and also they would experience their own failures;而且他们还会经历失败,there was a failure-based aspect to learning there. It was very important.这样他们就会经历挫折教育。这是很重要的。And so, the games that I do, I think of really more as modern Montessori toys.因此,我觉得我所创作的游戏就是蒙特梭利式的玩具的现代翻版。And I really kind of want them to be presented in a way并且我真心希望它们能够帮助小孩们to where kids can kind of explore and discover their own principles.通过自己去探索和发现这个世界的道理。So a few years ago, I actually started getting very interested in the SETI program.于是,几年前,我开始对地外文明探索工程产生了浓厚的兴趣。And thats the way I work.这是我的一种工作方式,I get interested in different kinds of subjects, I dive in,我对各种领域都有兴趣,我潜入其中,I research them, and then I try to figure out how to craft a toy around that,探索研究它,然后想办法做出一种与之相关的游戏,so that other people can kind of experience the same sense of discovery这样其他人就能体验到和我在学习这个课题时as I did as I was learning that subject.所体验过的发现的感觉。And it kind of led me to astrobiology, which is the study of possible life in the universe.于是我遇到了研究宇宙中可能存在的生命的天体生物学。And then Drakes Equation, which is looking at the probability of life arising on planets,然后是德瑞克方程式,大家知道,它关注的是行星上可能产生生命的概率,how long it might last, how many planets are out there, stuff like that.可以维持的时间,以及可能有多少行星,诸如此类And I started looking at how interesting Drakes Equation was,我开始关注这个极其有趣的方程,because it spanned all these different subjects --因为它涉及了各种不同的学科——physics, chemistry, sociology, economics, astronomy.物理、化学、社会学、经济学、天文学。And another thing that really impressed me a long time ago was ;Powers of Ten,; Charles and Ray Eames film.另一个很久以来让我印象深刻的是查尔斯·伊默斯和蕾·伊默斯夫妇的影片《十的次方》And I started putting those two together and wondering,当我把这两者合起来看时,我想到could I build a toy where kids would kind of trip across all these interesting principles of life,我能不能建造一个玩具,使得小孩们可以在生命所有的这些有趣的、as it exists and as it might go in the future.经久不变的规则中穿梭?Things where you might trip across things like the Copernican Principle, the Fermi Paradox,你可能会遇到哥白尼定律、费米佯谬the Anthropic Principle, the origin of life.人择原理、生命起源。And so Im going to show you a toy today that Ive been working on,而我今天要向大家展示的是我正在创作中的一个玩具,that I think of more than anything else as kind of a philosophy toy.我觉得它绝对是一个哲学玩具。In playing this toy, you kind of -- this will bring up philosophical questions in you.当你玩着这个玩具的时候,你就会想到一些哲学的命题。This games called ;Spore.; Ive been working on it for several years.这个游戏的名字叫做“孢子”。我为这个游戏努力了好几年了。Its getting pretty close to finished now.创作已经接近尾声。It occurs at all these different scales, first of all, from very, very small to very, very large.它有不同的场景规模。从极其微小到非常宏大。Im just going to pop in at the start of the game.我将要从最开端来进入这个游戏。201512/418290Maybe thats just the world we live in. But graduates, this is your world to change.也许我们生存于此的世界就是这样。但是毕业生们,这个世界将由你们来改变。As I said, I am a proud son of the South. Its my home, and I will always love it.正如我所说的,我是一个骄傲的南方孩子。那里是我的家,我将永远爱它。But for the last 17 years Ive built a life in Silicon Valley; its a special place.但17年来,我已经在硅谷建立了生活,这是一个特别的地方。The kind of place where theres no problem that cant be solved.一个没有不能解决的问题的地方。No matter how difficult or complex, thats part of its essential quality. A very sincere sort of optimism.无论问题有多么困难或复杂,这是这个地方的基本特性之一。一种很真诚的乐观。Back in the 90s, Apple ran an advertising campaign we called “Think Different.”早在90年代,苹果进行了一场广告宣传活动,我们称之为“不同凡想”。It was pretty simple. Every ad was a photograph of one of our heroes.活动非常简单。每个伟人的一张照片就是一个广告。People who had the audacity to challenge and change the way we all live.勇于大胆挑战的人改变了我们生活的方式。People like Gandhi and Jackie Robinson, Martha Graham and Albert Einstein, Amelia Earhart and Miles Davis.一些像甘地和杰基·罗宾森,玛莎格雷厄姆和阿尔伯特·爱因斯坦,爱蜜莉亚埃尔哈特和迈尔斯·戴维斯这样的人。These people still inspire us. They remind us to live by our deepest values and reach for our highest aspirations.这些人至今仍激励着我们。他们提醒我们以自己最深信的价值观为生,实现我们最高的目标。They make us believe that anything is possible.他们让我们相信,一切皆有可能。A friend of mine at Apple likes to say the best way to solve a problem is to walk into a room full of Apple engineers and proclaim, “this is impossible.”我一个在苹果公司的朋友总喜欢说,解决问题的最好方法就是走进满是苹果工程师的屋子里宣告:“这是不可能的。”I can tell you, they will not accept that. And neither should you.我可以告诉你,他们不会接受,你也不应该。So thats the one thing Id like to bring to you all the way from Cupertino, California.这就是我从大老远的库比蒂诺,加利福尼亚跑来想与你们分享的一件事。201512/418127Da jia hao! Chun jie kuai le!大家好!春节快乐!Mel and I would like to say ;Happy New Year; to all our great friends here in China and back home in America.梅尔和我想对我们在中国和美国国内的所有好朋友们说声新年快乐!This is our second Chinese New Year in Beijing, we love seeing all the festive red lanterns and firework displays as part of this great holiday, and we know that this is a really special time to reunite with family and to enjoy holiday meals with friends and loved ones.这是我们在北京的第二个中国新年。我们喜欢看这个伟大节日所展示的所有喜庆红灯笼和烟花。而且我们知道这是一个与家人团聚,与亲朋好友享受节日盛宴的非常特殊的时刻。And we have enjoyed great adventures in this past year in China. Last year, we got a travel to see elephant conservation efforts in Yunnan. In the spring, we enjoyed the cultural traditions at Tibet and Qinghai, and took a fabulous trip overnight on the train between the two provinces. This summer, we finally got to see the Terracotta Warriors in Xian. And this fall, we celebrated the legacy of the Flying Tigers in Chengdu. Weve also recently traveled to Hainan to support sea turtle conservation.我们很享受过去一年在中国的美好体验。去年,我们去了云南看到了保护大象的努力。春天,我们愉快地体验了西藏和青海的文化传统,并乘坐夜间列车在两省间进行了神话般的旅行。今年夏天,我们终于在西安看到了兵马俑。今年秋天,我们在成都纪念了飞虎队的遗产。我们最近还去了海南,持对海龟的保护。Mel and I were also so thrilled to join President Obama in welcoming President Xi for his first state visit to Washington this past year. As we head into this New Year, Ive got to tell you that I am so optimistic about the future.梅尔和我还特别高兴去年与奥巴马总统一起欢迎习近平主席对华盛顿的首次国事访问。当我们进入新的一年,我要告诉你们我对未来非常乐观。Xin nian kuai le! Gong xi fa cai! Good luck to the Year of the Monkey. Zhu ni men hou nian ji xiang!新年快乐!恭喜发财!猴年吉祥!祝你们猴年吉祥!201602/427064

My fathers father worked in the Chevy plant in Flint, Michigan. He was an assemblyline worker.He drove his two children here to Anna Arbor,and told them: That is where youre going to go to college.I know it sounds funny now.Both of his kids actually did graduate from Michigan.That was the American dream.我的爷爷在密歇根州弗林特的雪弗兰汽车厂工作。他是装配线上的一名工人。他曾开车带两个孩子来到安娜堡。告诉他们:你们以后要上这所大学!我知道现在听起来很好笑。他的两个孩子也确实从密歇根大学毕业了。这就是美国梦。His daughter, Beverly, is also with us today.My Grandpa used to carry an ;Alley Oop; hammer,a heavy iron pipe with a big hunk of lead melted on the end.The workers made them during the sit-down strikes to protect themselves.When I was growing up, we used that hammer whenever we needed to pound a stake or something into the yard.It is wonderful that most people dont need to carry a heavy blunt object for protection anymore.But just in case, I brought it with me.My Dad became a professor at uh…Michigan State,and I was an incredibly lucky boy.A professors life is pretty flexible,and he was able to spend oodles of time raising me.Could there be a better upbringing than university brat?我姑姑贝弗利今天也来了。爷爷以前经常扛着一个大铁锤,铁管上铸着大铅坨的那种。那是用来在静坐罢工时,保护自己的武器。小时候,我们常用它在后院打桩子。现在世道好了,大家不需要铁锤保护自己了。但以防万一,我还是把它带来了。后来我的父亲成为了一名教授,密歇根州立大学的教授,我很走运,因为教授的工作比较灵活,有大量的时间陪我。还有比大学校园更适合培养孩子的地方吗?What Im trying to tell you is that this is way more than just a homecoming for me.Its not easy for me to express how proud I am to be here,with my Mom, my brother and my wife Lucy, and with all of you,at this amazing institution that is responsible for my very existence.I am thrilled for all of you,and Im thrilled for your families and friends,as all of us join this great, big Michigan family I feel Ive been a part of all of all my life.What Im also trying to tell you is that I know exactly what it feels like to be sitting in your seat,listening to some old gasbag give a long-winded commencementspeech.Dont worry. Ill be brief.我想告诉大家的是,来这里不仅仅是重回母校。我非常自豪能跟我的妈妈,哥哥,妻子露西,还有你们大家聚在这里。这里见了我的成长。我的自豪难以言表。我为你们感到骄傲,也为你们的家人和朋友感到骄傲,因为我们都是密歇根大家庭的一员,它是我生命中不可或缺的一部分。同时,我也知道你们现在坐在台下的感受:听我们这些老家伙絮叨,老生常谈。别担心,我简单说几句。201307/248558

And no matter what you want to do with your life, I guarantee that youll need an education to do it. You want to be a doctor, or a teacher, or a police officer? You want to be a nurse or an architect, a lawyer or a member of our military? Youre going to need a good education for every single one of those careers. You cannot drop out of school and just drop into a good job. Youve got to train for it and work for it and learn for it.不论你的生活志向是什么,我敢肯定你必须接受教育才能实现它。你想当医生、教师或警官吗?你想当护士、建筑师、律师或军人吗?你必须接受良好的教育,才能从事上述任何一种职业。你不能指望辍学后能碰上个好工作。你必须接受培训,为之努力,为之学习。And this isnt just important for your own life and your own future. What you make of your education will decide nothing less than the future of this country. The future of America depends on you. What youre learning in school today will determine whether we as a nation can meet our greatest challenges in the future.这并非只对你个人的人生和未来意义重大。教育给你们带来的益处将完全可以决定这个国家的未来。美国的未来取决于你们。你们现在在校学习的知识将决定我们作为一个国家是否能应对我们未来所面临的最严峻的挑战。Youll need the knowledge and problem-solving skills you learn in science and math to cure diseases like cancer and AIDS, and to develop new energy technologies and protect our environment. Youll need the insights and critical-thinking skills you gain in history and social studies to fight poverty and homelessness, crime and discrimination, and make our nation more fair and more free. Youll need the creativity and ingenuity you develop in all your classes to build new companies that will create new jobs and boost our economy.你们将需要利用你们通过自然科学和教学课程所学到的知识和解决问题的能力来治愈像癌症、艾滋病之类的疾病,开发新的能源技术和保护我们的环境。你们将需要利用你们在历史学和社会学课堂上所获得的知识和批判性思考能力来解决贫困和无家可归的问题,打击犯罪,消除歧视,使我们的国家更公正、更自由、你们将需要利用你们在所有课堂上培养的创造力和智慧来创办新公司,增加就业机会,振兴我们的经济。We need every single one of you to develop your talents and your skills and your intellect so you can help us old folks solve our most difficult problems. If you dont do that—if you quit on school—youre not just quitting on yourself, youre quitting on your country.我们需要你们每个人都发挥聪明才智和技能,以便帮助我们老一辈人解决我们最棘手的问题。如果你们不这样做——如果你们辍学——你们不仅仅是放弃自己,也是放弃自己的国家。 /201304/235062

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