楼主:120大全 时间:2019年09月19日 12:54:35 点击:0 回复:0
And then were going to add four new Board members, the rest of the prior Board has resigned. We are gonna add four new Board members to carry die company forward. The first is Larry Ellison, CEO of Oracle. (Cheers) I hope that wasnt a boo Im hearing. Larry started Oracle in his garage about a year after we started Apple. Its grown to be the second largest software company in the world. We would like to do a lot more in terms of software, and we thought having some software industry expertise would be a good idea on the Board. The second Board member is Jerry York, former CFO of IBM and Chrysler. Jerry did a lot of the turnaround work at Chrysler and IBM, and is extremely well-known and respected in the financial community for his work. The third new Board member is Bill Campbell, CEO of Intuit. Bill, in addition to being a CEO of Intuit, was formerly the Vice President of Sales and Marketing for Apple during some of its heyday. He also ran Claris. He is very familiar with some of the successes and some of the failures that Apple has had,and I think he will be an extremely good Board member. And lastly, I am joining the Board as well.其他的前任董事会成员都辞职了,我们又纳入了四位新的董事会成员,在今后将为公司掌舵。第一位是甲骨文公司的首席执行官拉里?埃里森。(欢呼声)我希望我刚才听到的不是嘘声。大概在我们成立苹果一年以后,拉里在他的车库里成立了甲骨文公司。现在甲骨文公司已经成为世界上第二大软件公司。在软件方面我们都愿意倾注更多的心力。 我们认为在董事会里面有一些软件行业的专家将如虎添翼。第二位董事会新成员,杰瑞·约克,曾任IBM和克莱斯勒公司的首席财务官,杰瑞曾为扭转克莱斯勒和IBM 的亏损状况贡献不少,他也因其出色的工作能力在金融界广为人知并备受尊敬。第三位新董事会成员是财捷公司首席执行官比尔·坎贝尔,他曾在苹果最辉煌的时期担任市场营销部的副总裁,同时他还运营着Claris公司。他非常熟悉苹果曾经有过的成功和失败,我想他将会是一位非常好的董事会成员。最后,就是我,也加入了董事会。201407/309961Hi. As youve probably noticed, Im not the President. 大家好,你们应该注意到了,我并不是总统。Im just a citizen. 我只是一介平民。And as a citizen, Im here at the White House today because I want to make a difference and I hope you will join me.而作为一名公民,我今天之所以能够来到白宫,是因为我想让大家跟我一起寻求改变。My name is Francine Wheeler. 我叫弗朗西恩·威勒。My husband David is with me. 我的丈夫戴维也跟我在一起。We live in Sandy Hook, Connecticut.我们来自康涅狄克州的桑迪胡克镇。David and I have two sons. 我和戴维有两个儿子。Our older son Nate, soon to be 10 years old, is a fourth grader at Sandy Hook Elementary School. 大儿子内特马上就要10岁了,在桑迪胡克小学就读四年级。Our younger son, Ben, age six, was murdered in his first-grade classroom on December 14th, exactly 4 months ago this weekend.6岁的小儿子本,12月14日在他所在的一年级教室被杀害,距离今天正好4个月。David and I lost our beloved son, but Nate lost his best friend. 戴维和我失去了我们深爱的儿子,而内特失去了他最好的伙伴。On what turned out to be the last morning of his life, Ben told me, quite out of the blue, I still want to be an architect, 在他生命中最后一天的早上,本非常意外的告诉我,我还是想当一名建筑师,Mama, but I also want to be a paleontologist, because thats what Nate is going to be and I want to do everything Nate does.妈妈,但我也想当一名古生物学家,因为内特想当,而内特想做的所有事情我都想做。Bens love of fun and his excitement at the wonders of life were unmatched His boundless energy kept him running across the soccer field long after the game was over. 本爱玩的天性和对人生美好的急切向往让他浑身有使不完的劲儿,橄榄球赛结束很久了他还在满场飞奔。He couldntt wait to get to school every morning. 他每天早上都等不及要去学校。He sang with perfect pitch and had just played at his third piano recital. 他唱歌高音唱的很棒,而且演出过三次钢琴独奏了。Irrepressibly bright and spirited, Ben experienced life at full tilt.本全力以赴的体验他生命中的每一天,什么都抑制不住他愉悦而充满的天性。Until that morning. 20 of our children, and 6 of our educators—gone. 直到那天早上,20个孩子和6位老师离开了我们。Out of the blue.没有人能预料到。Ive heard people say that the tidal wave of anguish our country felt on 12/14 has receded. 我曾听人说12月14号袭击我们镇的海啸已经消退了。But not for us. 但对我们而言不是这样。To us, it feels as if it happened just yesterday. 对我们而言,它就像昨天才发生一样。And in the four months since we lost our loved ones, thousands of other Americans have died at the end of a gun. 从我们四个当妈妈的失去我们的孩子之后,又有数千名美国人死在了口之下。Thousands of other families across the ed States are also drowning in our grief.美国又有数千个家庭陷入悲痛之中。Please help us do something before our tragedy becomes your tragedy.请帮帮我们,在我们的悲剧变成你们的悲剧之前做些什么吧。Sometimes, I close my eyes and all I can remember is that awful day waiting at the Sandy Hook Volunteer Firehouse for the boy who would never come home—the same firehouse that was home to Bens Tiger Scout Den 6. 时不时的,每当我闭上眼睛,就想起可怕的那一天,我站在桑迪胡克志愿消防站等待永远不能回家的孩子的那一天,那里也是本参加童子军老虎夏令营的聚会点。But other times, I feel Bens presence filling me with courage for what I have to do—for him and all the others taken from us so violently and too soon.但转念一想,我就感到本的灵魂在鼓励我去做我必须做的事情,为了他和其他被暴力所害英年早逝的人。We have to convince the Senate to come together and pass commonsense gun responsibility reforms that will make our communities safer and prevent more tragedies like the one we never thought would happen to us.我们要说参议院团结起来,通过普遍的持责任改革,让我们的社会更加安宁,避免我们从来没有预料到会发生在我们身上的惨剧再次发生。When I packed for Washington on Monday, it looked like the Senate might not act at all. 当星期一我收拾行李准备来华盛顿的时候,参议院看起来好像不想做什么努力。Then, after the President spoke in Hartford, and a dozen of us met with Senators to share our stories, more than two-thirds of the Senate voted to move forward.但总统在哈特福德发表演讲之后,我们一大群人与参议员们讲述了我们的经历,有超过2/3的参议员投票表示要推进此事。But thats only the start. 但这仅仅是一个开始。They havent yet passed any bills that will help keep guns out of the hands of dangerous people. 他们至今还没有通过任何法案,来避免危险人员搞到。And a lot of people are fighting to make sure they never do.而且还有一大批人在奋力确保他们永远不通过类似的法案。Now is the time to act. 现在是行动的时候了。Please join us. 请大家与我们一起。You can talk to your Senator, too. 你也能与你的参议员沟通。Or visit WhiteHouse.gov to find out how you can join the President and get involved.或者访问WhiteHouse.gov网站,在这里可以找到与总统一道参与此事的方式。Help this be the moment when real change begins. 为此做出的努力将带来真正的变革。From the bottom of my heart, thank you.我从心底感谢大家,谢谢!201304/235797美国麻省理工学院媒体实验室的Mitch Resnick认为,编码并不是专属于计算机天才,应该适用于所有人。在这个有趣的,充满演示例子的演讲中,Mitch Resnick列出了教孩子编码的好处,这样他们就能不仅是“读”新技术,而且能创造新技术。 (摄于TEDx麻省Beacon街)201506/379724The big men in the other boat crews 其它船上的大个子would always make good natured fun of the tiny little flippers 总喜欢拿这些小个子的小脚蹼开玩笑the munchkins put on their tiny little feet prior to every swim 每次游泳之前 他们都会把这些脚蹼戴到小脚丫上But somehow these little guys, from every corner of the Nation and the world但来自美国和世界各地的这些小个子always had the last laugh 却总能笑到最后swimming faster than everyone and reaching the shore long before the rest of us 比其他人都游得快 早早就到达了目的地SEAL training was a great equalizer 海豹训练中 大家都在同一起跑线上Nothing mattered but your will to succeed 没有什么比求胜欲望更为重要Not your color, not your ethnic background, not your education and not your social status 肤色 种族 教育 社会地位都不重要If you want to change the world 如果你想改变世界measure a person by the size of their heart, not the size of their flippers请用心有多大来衡量一个人 而不是脚蹼的大小Several times a week the instructors would line up the class and do a uniform inspection每周都有那么几次 教官会让学员排好队进行装检查It was exceptionally through 检查格外彻底Your hat had to be perfectly starched your uniform immaculately pressed 帽子需要非常笔挺 制不能有一点褶皱and your belt buckle shiny and void of any smudges 带扣要有光泽 不能有任何污迹But it seemed that no matter how much effort you put into starching your hat 但无论你把帽子弄得多笔挺or pressing your uniform or polishing your belt buckle, it just wasnt good enough 把制弄得多没褶皱 带扣擦得多有光泽 这都不够The instructors would find ;something; wrong 教官似乎总能找出;问题;For failing the uniform inspection 由于制检查不合格the student had to run fully clothed into the surf zone and then, wet from head to toe学员需要穿着制跑步到海浪区 从头到脚都会湿透roll around on the beach until every part of your body was covered with sand 在沙滩上来回跑动 直到身体上到处都沾满沙砾The effect was known as a ;sugar cookie; 这被称作;糖曲奇;效应You stayed in that uniform the rest of the day cold, wet and sandy 接下来一天 你都得穿着这件制 又湿又冷 满身沙砾There were many a student who just couldnt accept the fact 有很多学员都无法接受that all their effort was in vain 自己的努力完全白费201602/423997Second, how do we make technology work for us, and not against us especially when it comes to solving urgent challenges like climate change?第二,我们如何让技术为我们务,而不是与我们对抗——尤其是面临气候变化这样急需应对的挑战的时候?Third, how do we keep America safe and lead the world without becoming its policeman?第三,我们如何保障美国的安全,同时,在不充当世界警察的前提下,引领整个世界?And finally, how can we make our politics reflect whats best in us, and not whats worst?最后,我们如何制定政策,使其反映出美国的好,而不是美国的恶?Let me start with the economy, and a basic fact: the ed States of America, right now, has the strongest, most durable economy in the world.我先说说经济,基本的事实是这样的:现在,在全球范围内,美国经济是最为强大且坚固的。Were in the middle of the longest streak of private-sector job creation in history.纵观历史,我们现在处于私营部门连续创造就业机会最长的一段时期中。More than 14 million new jobs; the strongest two years of job growth since the 90s; an unemployment rate cut in half.我们创造了逾1400万个新的就业岗位;这是自20世纪90年代以来就业增长最为强劲的两年;失业率下降了一半。Our auto industry just had its best year ever.汽车行业也创造了最辉煌的一年。Thats just part of a manufacturing surge that has created nearly 900,000 new jobs in the past six years.在过去的六年里,制造业创造了将近90万个新的就业岗位。And weve done all this while cutting our deficits by almost three-quarters.而且,我们在取得这些成绩的同时,还将赤字减少了近四分之三。Anyone claiming that Americas economy is in decline is peddling fiction.任何声称美国经济正在衰落的说法都是在传播虚构事实。201601/424261

They published the data,他们发布了这些数据,and it actually transformed clinical practice in the country.而这一举动改变了整个国家的临床实践。Everybody saw this makes a lot of sense.大家都发现这样做很有意义。Since then, they publish every year.从此以后,他们每年都做数据发布。Once a year, they publish the league table:每年发布一次积分榜。whos best, whos at the bottom?谁拔头筹,谁垫底,And they visit each other to try to learn,他们还通过访问来相互学习,so a continuous cycle of improvement.进入了一个不断进步的循环。For many years, Swedish hip surgeons had the best results in the world,多年来, 瑞士的髋关节置换手术的治疗效果问鼎全球,at least for those who actually were measuring,至少对那些有真正参与评估的医生来说,and many were not.不过也有人没有这么做。Now I found this principle really exciting.我发现这一实践非常振奋人心。So the physicians get together,即医生们聚到一起,they agree on what quality is,共同决定什么是高质量,they start measuring, they share the data,他们开始量收集并共享数据,they find whos best, and they learn from it.他们发现哪个方法最好,然后加以学习。Continuous improvement.不断改进。Now, thats not the only exciting part.这还不是仅有的振奋人心的地方。Thats exciting in itself.当然这本身已经令人振奋。But if you bring back the cost side of the equation,但是,如果把成本放回到我们的公式里,and look at that,然后观察它,it turns out, those who have focused on quality,你会发现那些重视质量的(医院),they actually also have the lowest costs,恰恰在花销上是最少的。although thats not been the purpose in the first place.虽然这并不是当初刻意设计的。So if you look at the hip surgery story again,如果回头再看髋关节手术的故事,there was a study done a couple years ago where they compared the U.S. and Sweden.几年以前,他们做了一个研究拿美国和瑞士做了比较。They looked at how many patients have needed to be re-operated on seven years after the first surgery.他们调查了在第一次手术后7年内需要再手术的病人的数量。In the ed States, the number was three times higher than in Sweden.在美国,这个数字比瑞士高出三倍。So many unnecessary surgeries,太多不必要的手术,and so much unnecessary suffering for all the patients who were operated on in that seven year period.给这些七年内再次接受手术的病人带来了太多不必要的痛苦。Now, you can imagine how much savings there would be for society.现在你可以想象换种方法能给社会节省多少开。We did a study where we looked at OECD data.我们根据OECD数据做了一个研究。OECD does, every so often,偶尔,OECD(经济合作与发展组织)会根据look at quality of care where they can find the data across the member countries.他们可以找到的会员国家的数据来调查医疗护理的质量。201509/399624

And, if that wasnt bad enough, of course,如果这还不算太糟糕的话,当然all of this is rapidly progressing towards the fact that我们很快可以看到另一个数据many of you, in fact, about one in 10 of you at this point,很多人,事实上,大约10个人当中就有1个will die in intensive care.会死在ICU中。In the U.S., its one in five.而在美国,这个数字是每5个人当中有1个。In Miami, its three out of five people die in intensive care.在迈阿密,这个数字是每5个人当中有3个。So this is the sort of momentum这就是我们目前所看到的that weve got at the moment.发展势头。The reason why this is all happening is due to this,事情会变成这个样子主要是因为这个。and I do have to take you through what this is about.而我要带领大家去一起探讨一下其原因。These are the four ways to go. 21世纪主要有四种死亡形式。So one of these will happen to all of us.我们所有人都会以其中的一种形式死去。The ones you may know most about are the ones人们最熟知的死亡方式that are becoming increasingly of historical interest:也是越来越引起我们关注的一种死亡方式sudden death.猝死。Its quite likely in an audience this size在我们这样的观众群中,this wont happen to anybody here.可能不会有这种死亡。Sudden death has become very rare.猝死现在已经很少见了。The death of Little Nell and Cordelia and all that sort of stuff像Little Nell或Condelia那样猝死的案例just doesnt happen anymore.现在已经很少了。The dying process of those with terminal illness现在因为患绝症而死亡的病人that weve just seen正如我们刚才看到的一样,occurs to younger people.在年轻人中的发病率越来越高了。By the time youve reached 80, this is unlikely to happen to you.到你80岁,这也不可能发生在你身上。Only one in 10 people who are over 80 will die of cancer.现在80岁年龄层中只有10%的人死于癌症。The big growth industry are these.而造成死亡最多的因素主要在以下几个方面。What you die of is increasing organ failure,越来越多的人死于器官功能衰竭with your respiratory, cardiac, renal,如呼吸和心、肾功能衰竭等等。whatever organs packing up. Each of these不管以上那个器官出了问题would be an admission to an acute care hospital,病人都要紧急送院治疗,at the end of which, or at some point during which,到最后,或者在治疗过程中的某一时间上somebody says, enough is enough, and we stop.直到有人对我们说不用治了,我们才放弃。And this ones the biggest growth industry of all,这是我们见得最多的案例,and at least six out of 10 of the people in this room每10个在这里听演讲的人中就会有6个will die in this form, which is将会以这种方式结束我们的一生,the dwindling of capacity这是因为功能的缺失with increasing frailty,造成的生命的脆弱,and frailtys an inevitable part of aging,而脆弱是老龄化不可避免的进程,and increasing frailty is in fact the main thing而脆弱事实上就是that people die of now,现代人死亡的主要原因,and the last few years, or the last year of your life你生命的最后一年或几年时间is spent with a great deal of disability, unfortunately.你都会在能力缺失中度过,这太不幸了。Enjoying it so far?你们还承受得住么?Sorry, I just feel such a, I feel such a Cassandra here.对不起,我怎么成了一个卡珊德拉式的预言家了呢。What can I say thats positive? Whats positive is但积极的一面是that this is happening at very great age, now.这只发生在老年人当中。We are all, most of us, living to reach this point.我们大家也都会经历这一时期的。You know, historically, we didnt do that.要知道,以住要活到这么长的人不多的。This is what happens to you这种死亡方式when you live to be a great age,只会发生在那些高龄人身上,and unfortunately, increasing longevity does mean不幸的是,寿命的延长more old age, not more youth.延长的不是青春,而是老年的时光。Im sorry to say that.很遗憾这样说。What we did, anyway, look, what we did,不管怎么说,我们所做的we didnt just take this lying down我们并不仅仅指那些at John Hunter Hospital and elsewhere.在John Hunter医院逝去的人或在其它地方死去的人。Weve started a whole series of projects我们已经开始一系列的项目to try and look about whether we could, in fact, involve尝试去了解我们能否让更多的人people much more in the way that things happen to them.参与到那些可能发生到他们身上去的事。But we realized, of course, that we are dealing然而,我们当然意识到with cultural issues,我们要应对一些文化层面的问题,and this is, I love this Klimt painting,我喜欢这张克里姆特的画,because the more you look at it, the more you kind of get这是因为,你越看它,the whole issue thats going on here,你越能了解发生在这里的一切,which is clearly the separation of death from the living,而这明显是一种死与生,and the fear.Like, if you actually look,和恐惧的分隔。比如说,如果你仔细看的话,theres one woman there你会发现有个女人who has her eyes open.她的眼睛是睁着的。Shes the one hes looking at,他在看着她,and shes the one hes coming for. Can you see that?他就是冲着她来的。你们看到了吗?She looks terrified.她看起来很惊恐。Its an amazing picture.这是一幅很不错的画。Anyway, we had a major cultural issue.另外,我们还有一个主要的文化层面的问题。201507/388184

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