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明星资讯腾讯娱乐2020年02月23日 12:58:22
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A潘玮柏教学地道日常口语 14 /200707/15459This beautiful building is part of the Shitennoji Temple Complex in Osaka, Japan.这栋美丽的建筑是日本大阪四天王寺寺庙的一部分In fact, its one of the oldest temples in Japan.事实上它是日本最老的建筑之一It was built by a Korean artisan, because at the time, Japan was not yet building temples.它由一个韩国工匠修建,因为在那时日本还不会修建寺庙And this Korean artisan went on to found a temple-building company.这个韩国工匠创建了一个修建寺庙的公司Amazingly, his company, Kongo Gumi, was still around 1,428 years later.十分神奇的是,他的公司Kongo Gumi在1480年后仍然存在In fact, it became the oldest continuously operating company in the world.实际上,它成为了世界上持续经营的最古老的公司So how is Kongo Gumi doing today? Not too well, Im afraid.Kongo Gumi现在怎么样了呢?恐怕不是很好It borrowed very heavily during the bubble period of the Japanese economy, to invest in real estate.在日本经济泡沫时期借了很重的债来投资房地产And when the bubble burst, it couldnt refinance its loans.当经济泡沫破裂时,它不能偿还债务The company failed, and it was taken over by a major construction company.公司破产了,被一所主流建筑公司收购Tragically, after 40 generations of very careful stewardship by the Kongo family,可悲的是,在Kongo家族40代的苦心经营之后Kongo Gumi succumbed to a spectacular lapse in the ability to apply a principle of prudence.Kongo Gumi最终屈于在精准运营上的巨大失败Speaking of company failures: were all familiar with the failure of Kodak,讲到公司倒闭,我们都熟悉柯达公司的失败the company that declared bankruptcy in January 2012.柯达在2012年一月宣布破产Much more interesting, however, is the question:然而更为有趣的是:Why did Fujifilm -- same product, same pressures from digital technology, same time为什么富士胶片--同样的产品,相同的数码科技界的压力,同样的时间段--why was Fujifilm able to survive and flourish?为什么富士胶片能够存活下来,并且欣欣向荣?201612/483963

Since 1937, Disney has made most of its money selling princesses to girls.从1937年开始,迪士尼就通过向女孩儿们出售公主玩偶赚钱。Its made a huge chunk of its money.他们为此大赚了一笔。Unless, of course, the princess your daughter is interested in, as my daughter is, is this one.当然,除非你的女儿和我的女儿一样,喜欢这样的角色。See, in 2012, Disney purchased LucasFilm for the sum of four billion dollars,看看吧,在2012年,迪斯尼总共花了40亿美元收购卢卡斯影业,and immediately they flooded the Disney stores with Han Solo and Obi-Wan Kenobi, with Darth Vader and Luke Skywalker and Yoda and not Princess Leia.之后汉索罗,欧比旺·肯诺比,达斯·维德,卢克·天行者和尤达,就迅速占据了迪斯尼商店,但却没有莱娅公主。Why? Because this princess messes up the public pedagogy for these princesses.为什么?因为这名公主会扰乱我们对这些公主的公共认知。So Disney did not put Princess Leia merchandise in the store,所以迪斯尼并没有把莱娅公主商品化。and when people went to Disney and said, ;Hey, wheres all the Princess Leia stuff?;当人们跑到迪斯尼并询问,“嘿,莱娅公主的商品在哪儿呢?”Disney said, ;We have no intention of putting Princess Leia merchandise in the store.;迪斯尼回答:“我们并不打算提供莱娅公主的周边商品。”And fans were angry and they took to Twitter with the hashtag #WeWantLeia.所以粉丝们很生气,他们在Twitter上发起了标签,#我们想要莱娅。And Disney said, ;Wait, thats not what we meant.然后迪斯尼回复,“等一下,那不是我们的本意。What we meant was, we dont have any Princess Leia merchandise yet, but we will.;我们的意思是,我们目前还没有莱娅公主的相关商品,但我们会有的。”And that was in 2012, and it is 2015, and if you go to the Disney Store, as I recently have,那是在2012年的事了,到了2015年,如果你像我一样,最近去过迪斯尼商店,and look for Princess Leia merchandise, do you know how many Princess Leia items there are in the Disney Store?寻找莱娅公主的相关商品,你猜商店里有多少关于她的商品?Zero, because Disney has no intention of putting Princess Leia in the store.一件都没有,因为迪斯尼从来就不打算把莱娅公主放进商店。And we shouldnt be surprised because we found out that was their policy我们不应该为此感到奇怪,因为那其实是他们在年,when they bought Marvel in for the sum of 4.5 billion dollars.总共花了45亿美金收购漫威的时候就定好的政策。Because when you make a lot of money selling princesses to girls, you also kind of want to make money from boys.因为之前通过向女孩们顷售公主玩偶赚了一大笔,他们也想从男孩儿那挣点钱。And so what better to sell boys than superheroes?有什么比超级英雄更适合男孩们的吗?So now Disney had access to Captain America and to Thor, The Incredible Hulk,所以迪斯尼就有了美国队长,雷神,绿巨人,and they had access even to a group of superheroes no one had ever even heard of.他们甚至还拥有了一批我们没人听说过的超级英雄。201705/508425

Five Did you tip the bellboy?你付小费给那个务生了吗? 1 IntroductionA It is the custom to give tips to waiters in restaurants and taxi drivers. 在餐馆给务员小费、给的士司机小费被认为是习俗。B It is also American custom when visiting friends to telephone ahead of time to let them know you are coming. 在拜访朋友时,提早打电话让他们知道你来了也被认为是一种美国习俗。C In America and Britain, it is not acceptable to smoke in a friend’s home without asking.在美国和英国,没有询问对方就在朋友家抽烟是不能容忍的。D When someone moves into a new home, it is the custom to give a “housewarming” gift.当别人搬进新房子时,送上一份乔迁之喜礼物是一种风俗。E When a couple gets married, the bride’s family usually pays for the reception. 夫妻结婚时,新娘家通常付宴会费用。F When a child is born, the father often gives cigars to friends. 小孩出生时,父亲常常送雪茄烟给朋友们。G Usually Americans go Dutch when they go out to eat, unless it is understood ahead of time that one person will pay for everyone.美国人外出吃饭通常是各自付帐,除非之前有人说请客。 2 Sample Sentences 1. Are the customs the same or different in your country? 在你们国家,风俗习惯是一样,还是不同?2. I heard you’re supposed to kiss each other at midnight on New Year’s Eve. Is that right? 我听说除夕的子夜时刻你们应该互相亲吻。是这样吗?3. When you come back from a vacation, you’re expected to bring small gifts for your friends. 当你度假回来,你理应带些小礼物给你的朋友。4. Are you familiar with the customs here? 你对这儿的风俗习惯熟悉吗?5. What are you expected to do on Thanksgiving in your country? 在你们国家,感恩节你理应做些什么?6. Every time my husband leaves home, he hugs me and kisses me goodbye. 每次我丈夫出门,他都拥抱我,并亲吻说再见。7. When a man wants to marry a girl, it’s customary that he buys her a ring and asks her to marry him. 当一个男人想要与一个女孩结婚时,习惯上他买一个戒指给她并要求她嫁给他。8. People here are proud of their heritage. 这里的人们都为他们的血统感到自豪。 9. You won’t be seen so much in America. You only see cars going by often. 在美国你不会被经常看到。你只看到车子经常经过。10. You are supposed to pay the gas bill when you use someone’s car. 当你用别人的车时,你应该付汽油钱。 3 Conversations 1. How much should I leave?Two Chinese business people are unpacking in their San Diego hotel room.Susan: Did you tip the bellboy1? Tom: Yes, but I don't think it was enough. He looked disappointed. I gave him three dollars. Susan: That sounds about right to me, fifty cents a bag. If they think you don't know better2, they'll try to get more.Tom: It's the same in Kauloon. But I definitely think we over-tipped the cab driver. The fare was twenty dollars, and you gave him a five-dollar tip. That's twenty-five percent of the total! Too much!Susan: I disagree. He was polite and informative3, and he drove smoothly. One should reward4 good service.(Later in the hotel dining room)Tom: I'll sign for5 dinner and charge it to our room. Let's see. The bill is one hundred dollars. That seems reasonable. How much tip should I leave?Susan: Remember last month when we were in Europe? Maybe Californians use that same system: they add the waiter or waitress into the bill, so you don't have to leave anything extra.——你付小费给那个务生了吗?——给了,但是我想没给够。他看起来有些失望。我给了他三美金。——我觉得还公正,一个旅行袋五十美分。如果他们认为你不知行情,他们会试着多要钱。——在Kauloon也是这样。但是我肯定我们多给了出租车司机小费。车费是20美金,而你给了他五美金小费。那是总额的四分之一。太多了!——我不赞同。他又有礼貌,见识又广,而且他开车很平稳。一个人应该对好的务给予报酬。(不久,在酒店餐厅里)——我来签收晚餐,记入我们房。看看。账单是一百美金。看起来很合理。我应该给多少小费呢?——记得上个月我们在欧洲吗?也许加州人使用同样的方式:他们把男务生或者女务生加入了账单内,所以你不必额外给钱。2. What to wear?May, a journalist for China Daily, is attending a conference in New Orleans.May: Frank, I want your advice on something. Some scientists I met at the conference6 this afternoon have invited me to a party. Actually, they called it an "informal get-together."Frank: And what's the problem? May: When I asked how people were going to dress, Dr. Lite said it was casual. Frank: And you want to know what to wear? May: Well, last night I went out with some journalists for a "casual" party, but I was overdressed7. I wore what I consider casual -- an outfit of skirt, blouse, scarf, and medium heels ... you know.Frank: That sounds just right to me. What was wrong with it?May: Everyone else there was wearing blue jeans. Several of the women had on running shoes. I felt out of place8. So I have no idea what to wear tonight. Frank: My guess is you can safely wear last night's outfit to tonight's party. ——弗兰克,我想你在某些方面给我一些建议。今天下午我在会议上碰到的一些科学家邀请我去参加一个聚会。实际上,他们称之为“随便聚聚”。——那有什么问题?——当我问到其他人会穿什么衣时,赖特士说这很随便。——那你是想知道该穿什么样的衣?——昨晚我和一些记者参加了一个“随便”聚会,但我却穿得过于正经了。我穿了我认为是休闲的装——一套衣裙、短衫、围巾和中跟皮鞋……你知道。——我听起来没觉得什么不对劲。有什么不好呢?——那儿每个人都穿着蓝色的牛仔裤。有几个妇女还穿着跑鞋。我感到很不自在。所以我不知道今晚穿什么好。——我想你可以穿昨晚的衣大胆去参加今晚的派对。3. Let's go Dutch.Two friends in line at a movie theater in downtown Cleveland, Ohio.Ari: Come on, Tara. Let's go up to the window and buy two tickets. The movie is starting in a few minutes. Tara: We can't break into9 the line. Don't be so impatient. We'll be at the front of the line soon. Ari: (To the cashier) Two tickets, please. How much are they? (Ari holds a twenty-dollar bill in his hand.) Tara: Oh no, Ari. I didn't mean for you to pay for me when I invited you to go tonight. Let's go Dutch. I'll pay my own way. I insist. (They enter the theater.) Ari: I'm looking forward to this film. I a good review of it in this morning's newspaper. Tara: Me, too. It will be great to see something light and funny10 for a change. I'm tired of heavy drama. (They look for empty seats in the theater.)Ari: Are these seats okay?Tara: They're fine, but I can't watch a movie without popcorn11. ——过来吧,泰瑞。我们上去到窗口买两张票。电影过几分钟就要开始了。——我们不能挤乱队伍。不要这么没耐心。我们很快就要到队伍前面去了。——(对收银员说) 请买两张票。多少钱?(阿里手里拿着一张二十元钱。)——不,不要,阿里。今晚我邀请你来不是要你为我付钱。我们各付各的吧。我会付自己的。我一定要的。(他们进入电影厅。)——我一直盼着看这部电影。今天早上我在报上看了它的好评。——我也是。换个口味,看些轻松滑稽点的会很好。艺术性的剧本我都看腻了。(他们在电影院找空座位。)——这些座位好不好?——可以,但是没有爆玉米花,我看不了电影。4. Why would Chinese answer questions this way?An American teacher is talking with his Chinese wife about his Chinese students.Gary: Did you go to the bank to withdraw12 money?Sissy: Today is so hot, besides I had so much housework to do. My friend came for a visit and stayed for two hours. I didn’t forget, but I had no time at all. Gary: So you didn’t. Is that right?Sissy: Yes. I’m sorry.Gary: Why didn’t you just answer my question directly? Why would Chinese answer questions this way? I simply asked if you did it or not. It’s a very simple question. And Chinese often give the reason before they would give a direct answer. Sissy: Yes, I’m sorry. I know it bothers you very much. But I don’t know why Chinese sometimes would do this. Gary: You know, today I asked a student if he brought his dictionary with him. It’s a rule I made for the class that everyone brings a bilingual13 dictionary with them because sometimes they don’t understand me. The funniest thing is that this student gave me a lot of reasons and no direct answer. Sissy: But you know if he brought it or not, right? Gary: Yeah, after all the explanations like, it’s too heavy, I was in a hurry…whatever. Helpful Information: It’s an American way of talking that questions should be answered before being explained, even if answers might be something negative and very disappointing. 美国人的谈话方式是先回答问题再解释原因,即便有可能是否定的,并且很令人失望。——你去取钱了吗?——今天很热,而且我有很多家务要做。我的朋友来玩,还呆了两个小时。我是没忘记,但我根本就没有时间。——那么你没有去。是不是?——是啊。我很抱歉。——你为什么不就直接回答我的问题?为什么中国人会这么回答呢?我只是简单地问你有没有去。这个问题很简单。而中国人常常先说明理由再给。——是,对不起。我知道你很烦这一点。但是我不知道为什么中国人有时候会这么做。——你知道吗,今天我问一个学生他有没有带字典来。因为有时候班上的人听不懂我说的,所以我跟他们定了一个规定,那就是每个人带一本英汉字典。最可笑的事是这个学生给了我很多理由,没有一个直接的。——但是你知道他有没有带,是不是?——是,在所有的解释之后,比如太重了,我出门时很急……等等。 4 Words and Expressions1. bellboy 旅馆大厅的务生 2. know better (对事物)有不止如此的了解,认识3. informative见闻广的,有益的 4. reward 报答;报偿;奖赏 5. sign for签收 6. conference (正式)会议,协商会 7. overdressed 穿着过于正经的 8. out of place 不在适当的位置,不相称的9. break into 闯入;打断10. light and funny 轻松活泼地11. popcorn 爆玉米花12. withdraw 抽回;收回;取回13. bilingual 双语的 /200603/5411

  乐宁外教口语天天练No.59If you want to be done by fivewe all better "hop to it"."Hop to it" 意指just go faster withouttoo much hesitationIf you want to be done by five we all better "hop to it".要想在五点之前做完,我们最好赶紧了。谢谢收听,明天继续^^ /200610/9557

  A group of students was told that a small democratic country had been invaded and had asked the U.S. for help.在一项研究中,一群学生被告知某个民主小国在遭到侵略后向美国寻求援助。And they had to make a decision. What should they do?学生们必须决定怎么办。他们该怎么做呢?Intervene, appeal to the U.N., or do nothing?干预,向联合国申诉,还是袖手旁观?They were each then given one of three descriptions of this hypothetical crisis.这个假想的危机有三种不同的解释,他们每人听到其中的一种。Each of which was designed to trigger a different historical analogy:每个解释意在引起对不同历史事件的类比:World War II, Vietnam, and the third was historically neutral.二战,越战,或者一个中性的事件。Those exposed to the World War II scenario made more interventionist recommendations than the others.听到二战类比的学生比其他学生更多地建议美国干预这场危机。Just as we cannot ignore the literal meaning of words,正如我们不能忽视词语的字面意义,we cannot ignore the analogies that are triggered by metaphor.我们也无法忽视由暗喻促发的类比。Metaphor matters because it opens the door to discovery.暗喻很重要,因为它开启了发现的大门。Whenever we solve a problem, or make a discovery, we compare what we know with what we dont know.每当我们要解决问题,或做新的探索时,我们就把已知和未知进行比较。And the only way to find out about the latter is to investigate the ways it might be like the former.而我们发现未知的唯一途径就是探讨未知和已知有何相似性。Einstein described his scientific method as combinatory play.爱因斯坦曾把他的科学方法描述为组合的游戏。He famously used thought experiments, which are essentially elaborate analogies, to come up with some of his greatest discoveries.他在其有名的思想实验中,实质上就是复杂的类比中,成就了一些最伟大的科学发现。By bringing together what we know and what we dont know through analogy,当我们用类比把已知和未知联系在一起时,metaphorical thinking strikes the spark that ignites discovery.暗喻的思维就会点燃发现的火花。Now metaphor is ubiquitous, yet its hidden.暗喻虽然无处不在,却是隐藏身形。But you just have to look at the words around you and youll find it.而你只要注意周围的用词,就可以找到它。201704/506453。

  And after the show, another counselor came up to me and asked Have you ever thought of acting? Youre good at that. 演出结束后 另一位指导来问我你有没有想过演戏?你有这方面的天分哦So, when I got back to Fordham that fall, i got there I changed my major once again, for the last time. 当我秋天回到佛罕大学时再一次更改了我的专业 最后一次换专业And in the years that followed, just as that woman prophesied I have traveled the world. 在后来的岁月中 就像那位老妇人预见的那样我周游了世界And I have spoken to millions of people through my movies Millions who... Up till this day, couldnt see me... 通过电影 和上百万人进行了沟通当然 直到今天 他们都没有真正见过我本人Who up till this day, I couldnt see while I was talking to them. 直到今天他们都没有真正看到我本人我虽然和他们;沟通;了And they couldnt see me theyre gonna see the movie. 他们也没真正看过我因为他们只是看到了电影里的我They couldnt see the real me But I see you today. 而不是真正的我但今天我亲眼看到你们And Im encouraged by what I see And Im strengthened by what I see. 而且我为我看到的感到鼓舞我从我看到的里面感到了力量And I love what I see one more page, then ill shut up. 我对我看到的很是喜欢还差完最后一页 我就可以闭嘴了Let me conclude with this one final point actually the president kinda brought it up. 让我用这最后一点来结束其实校长前面也已经提到Has to do with the movie Philadelphia here She stole my material. 这跟电影《费城往事》有关她一定偷看了我的稿子Many years ago I did this movie called Philadelphia We filmed some of the scenes right here on campus. 很多年前 我出演了《费城往事》这部电影有些场景就是在这个校园拍摄的201611/473730

  070 newspaper Words Article report journalist gossip column headline editorial feature business news sports news entertainment guide review er’s letter obituary local paper National paper daily editor correspondent front page supplement Circulation newsagent news agency proprietor section tv guide Phrases Submit an article write a column write a review hold the front page print a report make the headline beginner a: do you buy that newspaper every day? B: yes, I do. I find it very informative. It always has plenty of articles from correspondents all over the world and the business section is very useful too. A: is there a Sunday edition of that newspaper? B; yes. There is. it has several sections, so it’s quite a ! It usually takes me a few hours to it on Sunday morning. A: what section does it have? B: let me see. There’s the news section, the entertainment section, sports, business, and world affairs. A; what’s in that section? B: world affairs? They look at the most important stories in more detail. I find it fascinating. Do you buy a daily paper? A; I buy a national newspaper sometimes, buy I nearly always buy a local evening newspaper. I find the local news more interesting than national or international news. Intermediate A; are there any interesting articles in today’s newspapers? B; the headlines are all about the presidential election in the united states. Few other stories made the front pages. A; is there anything of interest to us in the business sections? B; there’s an interesting feature article in the chronicle about doing business in china and the daily news has printed a report about the special economic zone near pairs. We have a subsidiary company located there. A; are the reports favorable? B; generally, the reporters take positive lines. They do point out a few problems that we need to be aware of, but there’s nothing worrying in the reports. In the classifieds, one of our competitors is advertising for people who speak Japanese. A: that’s interesting. They must be thinking of moving into that market. Are there any interesting editorials? B; not really. They all seem to focus on the election. There have been several letters printed in the chronicle regarding that controversial article on drugs that they printed last week. A; I’m not surprised. That article certainly added fuel to the debate. Ok. Thanks. Can you leave two articles and the advertisements with me? I’d like to them. B; sure. There you are. /200705/13740

  英语日常口语 39:A friend of a friend本单元是关于同教授谈话的对话Prof. Lewis: Come in Helen, sit down. Now how are you? Helen: Fine really. Honestly, I'm fine.Prof. Lewis:Are you? That's not what your marks are saying to me. They tell a very different story. You failed this mid-term test quite badly. Even John, who seems to do no work at all in class, managed to do so much better than you.Helen: Humph!Prof. Lewis:Is there something you want to talk about?Helen: No, it's nothing. Prof. Lewis:You and John just don't seem as close as you used to be. Is there something wrong? Helen: No, it's just that?Oh I don't know.Prof. Lewis:Helen, I'm here to help. Now why don't you just tell me what's on your mind. Vocabulary:(词汇)close friends: (好朋友)pals who like each other very muchon your mind: (放在心上)what you're thinking about本单元的语言点是 used to 的用法,used to 意思是过去常常,请看下面例句Used toUses:(用法)We can use used to to talk about things: 1. we did regularly in the past that we don't do nowShe used to smoke 20 a day but gave up cigarettes almost 10 years ago. He used to eat lots of meat but now he's a vegetarian so he doesn't eat chicken, lamb or beef any more.2. that were true in the past but which aren't true nowYou and John just don't seem as close as you used to be. Have you two fallen out? There used to be loads of shops in our village but now there are only four.Form:(句型)The positive, negative and question forms of 'use to' stay the same no matter what pronouns you use: Positive:This is made up of used to + base verbTim used to work in a newsagent's but now he works in a department store.You used to like me. Why aren't we friends anymore?Negative:This is made up of Didn't use to + base verb There didn't use to be a cinema here.She didn't use to like wine but now she drinks a glass of it every evening.Question:This is made up of Did + pronoun + use to + base verbDid you use to play sport?Did she use to be scared of spiders?Note it's unusual to use this form when asking questions about the past. We're much more likely to ask:Did you play sport when you were at school?Are you scared of spiders?/Were you scared of spiders when you were young?Used to refers to the past. We can't use 'used to' to talk about the present or future.To talk about your daily habits you can't say 'Every day I use to go to work by bike' you need to use the present simple - 'I go to work by bike'To talk about future habits you can't say 'When I live in New York next year, I'll use to take the subway everywhere', you need to use will + base verb - 'I'll take the subway' /200707/16043Id like to do pretty much what I did the first time, which is to choose a light-hearted theme.我想能和第一次演讲一样,选择一个轻松的主题。Last time, I talked about death and dying.上一次我谈论了关于生与死。This time, Im going to talk about mental illness.这次我要谈谈精神疾病。But it has to be technological, so Ill talk about electroshock therapy.但它应该是技术性的,所以我要谈谈电击疗法。You know, ever since man had any notion that some of his other people, his colleagues,大家知道,自从人们发现周边其他人,同僚等could be different, could be strange, could be severely depressed可能是和自己不同的,可能是行径奇怪,或者可能是严重抑郁的or what we now recognize as schizophrenia,或者是我们现在所指的精神分裂症he was certain that this kind of illness had to come from evil spirits getting into the body.就断定患了这种病一定是种魔鬼附体的病症。So, the way of treating these diseases in early times was to, in some way or other,为了治疗这种病症,在早期,应用了不同方法,exorcise those evil spirits, and this is still going on, as you know.众所周知,驱魔法一直沿用至今。But it wasnt enough to use the priests.但是仅仅靠祭司是不够的。When medicine became somewhat scientific, in about 450 , with Hippocrates and those boys,在约公元前450年,医药成为一门学科,希波克拉底和学生们they tried to look for herbs, plants that would literally shake the bad spirits out.尝试研究、寻找草药、植物,从中找出将恶魔驱除出人体的药方。So, they found certain plants that could cause convulsions.他们发现某些植物可以引发人体抽搐。And the herbals, the botanical books of up to the late Middle Ages,到中世纪后期和文艺复兴时期的植物学书,即各种”本草集“,the Renaissance are filled with prescriptions for causing convulsions to shake the evil spirits out.里面记录有很多药方,都能靠诱发抽筋来驱除恶魔。Finally, in about the sixteenth century,最后,大约在16世纪,a physician whose name was Theophrastus Bombastus Aureolus von Hohenheim,一个物理学家,名字叫做Theophrastus Bombastus Auricularis von Hohenheimcalled Paracelsus, a name probably familiar to some people here, good, old Paracelsus被称作帕拉塞尔苏斯,在座可能有人知道这个名字,老顽固帕拉塞尔苏斯,found that he could predict the degree of convulsion by using a measured amount of camphor to produce the convulsion.发现他可以预测抽搐的程度,通过使用定量的樟脑诱发人体抽搐。Can you imagine going to your closet, pulling out a mothball, and chewing on it if youre feeling depressed?你可以想象吗,走到你的衣橱,拿出一颗樟脑球然后嚼食它,想象这样缓解抑郁?Its better than Prozac, but I wouldnt recommend it.这个比百忧解(抗抑郁药)有效,但是我可不推荐这么做。So what we see in the seventeenth, eighteenth century is the continued search for medications other than camphor thatll do the trick.发展到17,18世纪人类继续寻找除了樟脑外的其他办法。Well, along comes Benjamin Franklin,这时出现了本杰明·富兰克林,and he comes close to convulsing himself with a bolt of electricity off the end of his kite.通过风筝电流,他几乎诱发自己抽搐,这是通过风筝传导的雷电电流。And so people begin thinking in terms of electricity to produce convulsions.然后人们开始思考通过电流诱发抽搐。And then, we fast-forward to about 1932,到了大约1932年,when three Italian psychiatrists, who were largely treating depression,3位主要治疗抑郁症的意大利精神病专家began to notice among their patients, who were also epileptics,注意到他们的忧郁症病人中,那些同时患有癫痫症的患者,that if they had an epileptic -- a series of epileptic fits,如果他们癫痫症发作后,连续发作多次a lot of them in a row -- the depression would very frequently lift.许多人抑郁症便减轻Not only would it lift, but it might never return.不仅仅是减轻,还可能完全根治。201603/434592

  网络社交英语口语 8:我最近有点忙Don: Hey, Herb! 1) What's up?唐: 嗨!赫伯特,最近如何? Herbert: I've been busy lately.赫伯特: 我最近有点忙。 Don: Doing what?唐: 忙什么? Herbert: I've been spending a lot of time 2) on-line.赫伯特: 我花很多时间在网络上。 Don: On-line?唐: 网络上? Herbert: On the 3) Internet, talking to people in chat rooms.赫伯特: 就是网络上,我在网络聊天室里跟人交谈。 Don: Is that helping you with your 4) shyness?唐: 这样你就不会害羞了吗? Herbert: Yeah! It's easier than talking 5) face-to-face.赫伯特: 是啊!这比面对面说话容易多了。 语言详解 A: The Internet era is upon us. 网络时代已经来临。 B: I guess I have to buy a computer then. 我想我得去买台电脑了。 【What's up?怎么了?/什么事?】 what's up?是常见的用法,表示“什么事?/在做什么?”的意思。例如你一见到朋友就笑起来,朋友就会问你What's up?“怎么了?” A: Wait! Amy! Don't go! 等等!爱米!别走啊B: What's up? What is it? 怎么了?怎么回事? 1) what's up? 最近如何?2) on-line 连线3) Internet (n.) 网络,互联网4) shyness (n.) 害羞5) face-to-face 面对面 /200708/16598

  即学即用英语会话词典D部分:同意不同意进入《即学即用英语会话词典文本》下载页面即学即用英语会话词典这部词典着眼日常生活、学习、工作等语言环境,囊括了当今美国最最简洁、最地道的日常口语表达方式。本词典获得2002年全国优秀畅销书奖 /200707/15636。

  Hi, everybody. On the first day of my administration, I promised to restore science to its rightful place. I told you we would unleash American innovation and technology to tackle the health challenges of our time. Over the last eight years, weve delivered on that promise in many ways, both big and small – including, of course, providing health coverage to 20 million more Americans, and making health care more affordable for all Americans. Right now, we have the chance to put our best minds to work one more time – and in a big way. Theres a bill in Congress that could help unlock cures Alzheimers, end cancer as we know it, and help people seeking treatment for opioid addiction finally get the help they need. Its called the 21st Century Cures Act. Its an opportunity to save lives, and an opportunity we just cant miss. This bill would do a lot of good things at once. Let me tell you about five of them: First, it will make real investments this year to combat the heroin and prescription drug epidemic thats plaguing so many of our communities. Drug overdoses now take more lives every year than traffic accidents, and deaths from opioid overdoses have nearly quadrupled since 1999. Under Obamacare, health plans in the marketplace have to include coverage for treatment, but theres more we need to do. For nearly a year, Ive been calling for this investment so hundreds of thousands of Americans can get the treatment they need, and Im glad Congress is finally getting it done. The second thing the Cures Act does is make a significant investment in Joe Bidens Cancer Moonshot. In my State of the Union Address this year, I set a goal of making America the country that ends cancer once and for all – and I put the Vice President in charge of Mission Control. This bill will allow us to invest in promising new therapies, in new ways to detect and prevent cancer, and to develop more vaccines for cancer just as we have them for measles or mumps. Joes done an incredible job – this bill is a chance for Congress to do its part, too. Third, well be giving researchers the resources they need to help identify ways to treat, cure, and prevent all kinds of brain disorders. Alzheimers. Epilepsy. Traumatic Brain Injury. And it also supports the Precision Medicine Initiative, an effort we started to bring doctors and data together to develop treatments and health care that one day can be tailored specifically for you. That can lead to some big breakthroughs. Fourth, the Cures Act includes bipartisan mental health reforms, including important programs for suicide prevention. And fifth, were making sure the FDA incorporates patients voices – your voices – into the decisions they make as they develop drugs. So, thats what the 21st Century Cures Act is all about. Like all good legislation, it reflects compromise. This week, the House passed it overwhelmingly, and in bipartisan fashion. The Senate will vote in the next few days, and I hope theyll do the same. Ill sign it as soon as it reaches my desk, because like a lot of you, Ive lost people that I love deeply to cancer. I hear every day from Americans whose loved ones are suffering from addiction and other debilitating diseases. And I believe we should seize every chance we have to find cures as soon as possible. When its your family, hope cant come soon enough. Thanks, everybody, and have a great weekend.201612/483640

  

  in fits and starts, punctuated at times by hardship,一阵一阵地,时不时地有困难,but ultimately written by generations of citizens whove somehow worked together, without fanfare, to form a more perfect union.但最终被一代代的人们书写着。他们总是一起工作,没有炫耀,从而构建着更加完美的合众国。Over the past eight years, weve added our own new chapter to that story.在过去的8年时间里,我们已经把我们自己书写的新篇章加入到了这样的故事中。Together, weve turned an economy that was shrinking and losing jobs into one thats growing and creating jobs,我们已经一起把萎缩和失业的经济,改变成一个不断增长和创造就业的经济,with poverty falling, incomes rising, and wages that have jumped faster over the past few years than at any time in the past four decades.贫困率在下降,收入在上涨,过去几年的工资比在过去40年的任何时间里,都增长得更快。Together, weve achieved what eluded politicians of both parties for a century我们一起实现了在一个世纪里摆脱两党政治家完成的事情weve moved 20 million more Americans from uninsured to insured,我们让2000多万没有保险的人们获得了保险,ended the days of discrimination against the up to half of Americans who have a preexisting condition,终结了对超过一半已经有身体状况人们的歧视,and secured new rights and protections for everybody with health insurance.让每一个有健康保险的人都拥有着新的权利和保护。201701/488470

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