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'Polite' Britons died on TitanicMore British passengers died on the Titanic because they queued politely for lifeboats, researchers believe.A behavioural economist says data suggests Britons in that era were more inclined to be "gentlemanly" while Americans were more "individualist". Women with children had a 70% better chance of survival than men in such an environment, he told the B.The Titanic sank during its maiden voyage in 1912 after hitting an iceberg, with the loss of 1,500 lives.David Savage, from Queensland University of Technology, studied the disaster to look at how people react in life and death situations.He said that in testimonies from inquiries in America and Britain just after the event, there were a lot of statements from women saying their husbands put them on lifeboats.They then "went to the back of the boat to have a cigar, to stand around and be chummy, while basically the boat went down".Mr Savage said: "There was one gentleman who was rather wealthy... who went back downstairs after he put his wife on the [life] boat... put on his tuxedo...went back upstairs and smoked... with the idea that if I am going die, I may as well die as a gentleman and well-dressed."'Peak of society'The "unsinkable" ocean liner went down in freezing Atlantic waters during its voyage from Southampton to New York. As it sank, the captain, Edward John Smith, shouted: "Be British, boys, be British," according to witnesses."The American culture was set up to be a more individualist culture and the British culture was more about the gentlemanly behaviour," Mr Savage says."You've got to remember that this is the Edwardian period when to be a gentleman was the peak of society."Mr Savage also concludes that social norms such as "women and children first" were very strong in British culture and survived in such an environment. /200903/636121. Hey, look at the chick over there.  看看在那边的女孩。 Chick 这个字代表的就是女孩子,各位不要跟chic(时尚)这个字给搞混了。chick这个字念起来就像是chicken前面一部分?所以蛮好认的。一般而言chick 和girl是可以交互使用的,例如,她是个十三岁的女孩,就是She is a thirteen-year-old chick. /200911/90235一项最新的全球调查显示,男人因金钱而快乐,而女人的快乐感更多地源于友情以及与孩子、同事和老板的关系。这项由尼尔森全球营销信息公司开展的在线调查共有来自超过51个国家的28153人参加。调查结果显示,面临目前的全球经济衰退和金融市场的动荡,很多人开始提醒自己金钱并不能买到快乐。这项于今年四月开展的“尼尔森快乐感大调查”表明,在参与调查的51个国家中,有48个国家的女性比该国的男性快乐,只有巴西、南非和越南例外。尼尔森公司消费者调查部副经理布鲁斯#8226;保罗在声明中称:“由于女性的快乐感更多地取决于非经济因素,所以她们的快乐感不易受到经济危机的影响。这或许可以解释为什么从全球范围来看女性的快乐感总体高于男性。”日本女性的快乐感比男性高15%,在被调查国家中差距最大。同时女性对未来更加乐观,对未来六个月快乐感的预期也超过男性。此外,调查发现,女性对性生活的满意度更高。日本和新西兰的男性和女性对性生活的满意度差距最大。健康给男性带来的快乐感总体高于女性,这在南非尤其突出。而在埃及正好相反,女性从健康中获得的快乐感大大高于男性。从全球范围来看,男性从心理健康中获得的快乐更多。比利时、韩国、墨西哥、挪威、西班牙、埃及和以色列的调查结果都反映了这一趋势。调查表明,从全球范围来看,个人经济状况、心理健康和工作/事业是三大主要的快乐之源。而与伴侣的关系是否和睦对于快乐感也至关重要。Vocabulary: grapple with:抓住;扭打(例句:He has been grappling with the problem for a long time. 长期以来他一直努力解决这个问题.)volatile: Tending to vary often or widely, as in price(易波动的,不稳定的:易于经常或大幅度变化的,如价格) /200812/585391. Make a good first impression on everybody you meet. First impressions can make you or break you and you want every person you meet to remember you, in a good way. 给人一个很好的第一印象。如果希望别人认可你,第一印象很重要。 /200911/89797大部分喜欢钱也喜欢闲,但是天下没有免费的午餐,事实是钱和闲没法兼得,于是就出现了这样一种家庭:NETTEL“有钱没闲家庭”。  Not Enough Time To Enjoy Life, or NETTEL, refers to the rising pool of households headed by two high-income-earning, full-time-working parents with dependent children.  NETTEL(Not Enough Time To Enjoy Life,无暇享受生活,简称“奈特尔”)指夫妻为高收入全职人员、家中又有孩子需要照顾的家庭。 /201008/110432

Taking regular lunchtime siestas could increase the risk of developing Type 2 diabetes, according to research. The study of 16,480 people, found those who napped were 26% more likely to get the condition than those who did not. Several factors which may be behind the link included disrupted night-time sleep and an association between napping and reduced physical activity. But a conference in Glasgow will hear that factors like genetics and being overweight are more significant. The researchers will tell delegates at the Diabetes UK event that napping during the day may disrupt night-time sleep. This could have an impact as short night-time sleep duration has been shown to be associated with an increased Type 2 diabetes risk. Waking up from napping also activates hormones and mechanisms in the body that stop insulin working effectively, the researchers said, and this could predispose people to Type 2 diabetes-- which can develop when the insulin the body makes does not work properly. Dr Iain Frame, director of research at Diabetes UK, said: "We aly know that people who are overweight or obese, and therefore more at risk of developing Type 2 diabetes, can have problems sleeping. "This new research could be another step towards explaining the possible link between disturbed sleep patterns and Type 2 diabetes." "However, in terms of being major risk factors for developing Type 2 diabetes, disturbed sleep or napping are likely to remain less significant than aly established risk factors such as being overweight, being over the age of 40 or having a history of diabetes in the family." Diabetes is a serious condition that can lead to long-term complications such as heart disease, stroke, blindness, kidney failure and amputation. The research, conducted by scientists from the University of Birmingham and from Guangzhou Hospital in China, will be presented at Diabetes UK's annual conference. /200904/66407

Polished, Professional Looks专业而漂亮的穿着Getting dressed for the office doesn't mean leaving your personal style behind. Find out which looks give you a polished, professional look and which fashions can be a career killer. 上班的穿着并不是说要放弃你的个人造型。知道怎样打扮能让你看起来精炼,职业,会让你成为职业杀手。Polished, Not Fashion Victim 精炼,而不是时尚的受害者Your goal to getting dressed for work is to project a professional, competent image, regardless of your employement level or career path. 不管你的职位等级或者职业道路如何,你的职业穿着都是为了给人一种专业,称职的印象。The styles, colors, lengths and fit of your fashion choices will speak volumes about your ability to do your job. If you are concerned about your career, you'll be more concerned with looking professional than looking cute or trendy. 你选择的时尚造型,衣物颜色,裙摆长度和对你的适合度都是对你工作能力的一定表达。如果你关心自己的事业,你就要多花点心思让自己看起来更职业,而不是可爱或新潮。In general, the more distracting a piece of clothing or jewelry is, the less appropriate it is for office wear. 一般情况下,越是分散注意力的衣或珠宝,越不适合办公室着装。 /201008/110426

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