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2019年07月17日 23:11:06来源:好信息

The sound coming from a small machine is the sound of green economy.这是一部小型机器所发出的绿色经济的声响。"This is the world's first commercially available pedal generator, allowing to convert your human power into usable electricity. It can currently recharge our own portable lights. It can also charge mobile phones," said Sameer Hajee, whose company, Nuru Design, has 10,000 clients in Rwanda, India and Kenya. It relies on a network of 80 peddlers who make a living out of pedaling to recharge the lights or cell-phones of their neighbors.努鲁设计(Nuru Design)公司的萨米尔·哈吉(Sameer Hajee)说:“这是世界上第一台供销售的脚踏式发电机,能将人力转化为可以使用的电力。它目前能为我们便携式照明灯再次充电,还能为手机充电。”努鲁公司在卢旺达、印度和肯尼亚有一万客户。脚踏式发电机需要80名脚踏工人轮换为所在社区的照明灯或手机充电。Nuru Design plans to increase its customer base tenfold by the end of the year. This activity is no charity but a viable business, servicing people who do not have access to electricity.今年年底,努鲁公司计划将客户数量增加9倍。这并不是慈善施舍,而是一项可行的商业活动,为使不上电的民众提供电力务。"Essentially the market is so huge," Hajee said. "There are two billion people affected by this problem. So, to the extend that you can get this technology to them, this could potentially be a very profitable business."哈吉说:“关键是市场是如此巨大。使不上电的人有20亿。所以说,如果你能向他们提供这项技术,利润潜力就非常巨大。”Economist Pahvan Sukdhev is a special advisor to the ed Nations environment program. He explains that businesses such as Nuru Design are examples of what a "green economy" would be like.联合国环境计划特别顾问、经济学家帕文·苏德赫夫(Pahvan Sukdhev)解释说,努鲁设计公司所从事的商业活动代表着“绿色经济”的未来。"It is actually a new paradigm that, in many ways, is beginning to be seen," he said. "And, what you see is a new economy breaking through what's breaking down: that heavy, industrialized, over-ambitious, over-productive, over-consumptive model, which is actually going to completely destroy our chances of survival in the future. And, what the green economy is, it's an alternative that doesn't do all that."苏德赫夫说:“这其实是一个新的范例,很多方面刚开始显现效力。你所看到的是从一个正发生严重问题的经济模式中蜕变出来的新形经济,那种以重型、工业化、雄心膨胀、生产过剩、消费过度为特色经济模式已经过时了,因为这种模式实际上会彻底摧毁我们未来的生存希望。绿色经济就是能避免这一切的替代经济。”201002/97300。

  • Redwoods are the tallest living trees on the planet. And one of the best places to see them is northern California's Redwood National Forest. They can reach 300 feet high or higher, and their massive trunks can grow to more than 20 feet wide. Recently, a couple of naturalists were searching these woods for tall trees when they spotted something extraordinary.I said "Michael, get back here, we've got a real tall one." We get our preliminary measurement. And it was so, so amazing, I, I couldn't believe it, you know, it was 4 feet taller than the tallest tree.They christened the tree "Hyperion" and called in Humboldt State University biologist Steve Sillett to investigate their find. (Yeah, good to know?) Steve is a top redwood researcher with a passion for tall trees.I think the redwoods are one of the most fascinating species on the Earth. They are at least as fascinating as humans to me.With the help of the Save-the-Redwoods League and the National Park Service, Steve is studying how a tree can grow this tall and still survive.I think the big thing that we are really interested in is understanding the biophysical limits to tree height: how tall can they grow?Steve wants to know the exact height of this tree and measuring from the ground just won't cut it.The best way to measure tree height is to climb to the top and lower a tape with a weight straight to the ground.But the best way as usual is also the hardest. Hyperion's lowest branches are 25 stories up. To get to them, Steve uses a powerful crossbow to launch fishing line up and over the tree's branches. Then with the help of wife and climbing partner Marie Antoine, he uses the line to hoist his climbing rope into the tree.Really it is a big one.With the rope in place, Steve and Marie walk their way up into the canopy. The climbers move through a high-rise habitat, high above the forest floor. A variety of mosses, lichens and insects make themselves at home in Hyperion's boughs.So here we are about 300 feet in what may be the world's tallest living tree. And it goes a long way above us, so we are, we still probably are about half hour to an hour from the top. Let's come up to there. Kinda want to put you through here.12/93574。
  • How good are you with money? Finance expert Laura Rowley will give us tips on how to cope with the current tough economy. Meanwhile, Kathie Lee Gifford tests visitors on their financial savvy Interview: We’re back with Today’s Money and today we’re gonna play a little game with you guys at home and with Ms. Kathie Lee Gifford who, by the way, is downstairs in our concourse by Starbucks. She’s down there, Hi, Ms. Gifford. (Hello) You look good. All right, what we’re gonna do is that I’m gonna talk to an expert and Kathie Lee is gonna talk to the people and see if we know the answers to some of these complex questions. Yahoo finance expert, Laura Rowley is here to help, hello. Laura Rowley: Hi. I: So, right now, we’re all in really tough financial times, clearly, we just talked about it earlier the price of eggs, meat, and all these different kinds of things. So, our money is so much more valuable and we are finding, I guess, the consumers are not buying things like TVs and what not, right? L: That’s right. Yahoo commissioned a survey, we found that 75% people said they are cutting back, they are holding off their major expenses. They are not buying electronics or clothing, or even some people are cutting back on food. I: And a lot of people, I will be honest, don’t know much about finance. I went to a lunch yesterday, a woman said, in high school, we take wood shop, we take a Car Auto shop and she asked how many people have changed the carburetor? How many people are willowing furniture? (L: Save money) but then she realized, but she was saying basically we don’t learn about finance. That’s important, isn’t it? L: We don’t and the states generally don’t and I once talked with my brother in Illinois. He said his son can't graduate without passing consumer education that is a new program, so you do see a little bit more education there but we think the adults who are out here now are left sorta high and dry in terms of financial education. I: OK. So now, we know a lot of people are getting a checking in the mail and we’re gonna throw down to Ms. Kathie Lee, because there are 600 bucks that people are getting, so the questions is what would they do with that money? Ms. Gifford?Catherine Gifford: You know what, hold on, I’m gonna ask six people six questions. If they get it right, well, quit looking at my notes, Missy. I’m on to you. They get a hundred dollar American Express, a little card they can use. If they get it wrong, they’ll get one of my records. So, that’s the deal. All right? All right, so there’s an incentive to get this right, what’s your name, ma’am? Q1: Susan. C: Where are you from? Q1: Virginia beach C: V… oh, good, I love down there, that’s a lot of fun. Here’s your first question? OK? Assuming you’ll receive a rebate check, what’s the last thing you should do with the money? A Put it into a savings account; B Make a fun purchase. Which I can see in your eyes, you wanna do; C Pay off monthly bills; or D Pay off revolving debts. Q1: The last thing you wanna do? C: Ah ha, the last thing you should do with a rebate check. Q1: Make a fun purchase. C: OK. Q1: Is that right or wrong? C: No, it’s wrong. It’s C, “Pay off monthly bill”. Excuse me, here you go, enjoy! I: Let me ask Laura. Why is that the wrong thing to do? L: I know it sounds like very counter to an advancer, but if you need a one-time bonus to pay your monthly bill, then something is wrong. You need to make sure your in-go matches your out-flow and if it doesn’t, cut back, don’t use extra money to pay monthly bills. I: Got it! All right, let’s go back downstairs with the finance. C: All right. We found a very brave gentleman who is willing to talk to me. What’s your name, sir? Q2: Raymond T C: Where are you from? Q2:Wyoming C: All right, nice to have you, sir. You mean people are very serious into the point , right? Q2: Yes. C: You consider yourself a great financial expert? Q2:No…just medium. C: Medium? All right, let’s see! Here is question No.2: When planning for retirement, it’s best to invest your money in…A 401(K) or a individual retirement account; B Real estate; C Hot commodities like oil or gold; or D a Hedge fund. Q2:I'd say A. C: And you know what, Mr.? You’ll be right. Get that man. There you go, darling, don’t spend it in one place. I: I think you should give him a CD, too. Why is that the right thing? L: Because your money grows either tax free or tax deferred, and when you’re saving money of a long period of time 30 or 40 years, you don’t want the taxman take a little bit , bite out of it year after year after year. I: OK. So, I think that's the worst, the thing we should not do?L: Well, hedge fund is not for the average investor and hot commodities, you don’t want to be chasing hot commodities. I: All right, let’s go back downstairs, Ms. Gifford. C: I just found a hot man and I like him down here. What’s your name, sweetheart? Q3: Gerrier Harf from North CakalakiC: North Cakalaki Q3:That’s right. C: All right, with that kind of attitude, would you rather have, the money or my record? Q3: I'd rather have another hug, to be honest with you.C: We were doing a little hug before…OK, here is No.3, all right? Let’s see. What’s? oh, hello, my eyes. You’re in debt and have to pay off tons of bills…which one is the most important to pay off? A Credit card bills; C Mortgage, B, I mean, sorry! You make me nervous; three…C Loans, or I’m going to take my time with this question and D Medical bills. Q3: I’m going to say especially since credit card interest rates are pretty high, you know, get a tax reduction , I’m gonna say credit cards. C: You’ll be wrong, darling. You got to go home with my pop record. It’s B, mortgage. I: And why is that the right thing? L: Because if you don’t pay your mortgage, you’re going to lose your house. That’s your NO.1 payment and the next thing, NO.2 is credit cards. I: All right, Laura, thank you so much. Ms. Gifford, thanks and thanks the fun crap downstairs , that was great. C: I’m gonna, I guess, I’m gonna be giving away money and records down here, right? OK.01/60672。
  • If you could take a vaccine that would protect you against cancer, wouldn't you take it? Well, for cervical cancer, there is a vaccine. It protects against a virus called HPV, which can lead to cancer of the cervix. But a new study reports that many women say no to the vaccine.如果有一种预防癌症的疫苗,你会接种它吗?目前有宫颈癌疫苗。这种疫苗对抗会导致宫颈癌的人乳头状瘤病毒。但是,一项新的研究发现,很多妇女拒绝接种这种疫苗。Cervical cancer is the most common cancer in women, according to the World Health Organization.世界卫生组织说,宫颈癌是女性最常见的癌症。It's responsible for more than a quarter-million deaths each year - 85 percent of them in developing countries. Scientists have found that cervical cancer is caused by a sexually-transmitted microbe called HPV, the human papillomavirus, said University of Maryland researcher Kathleen Tracy.每年导致25万多人死亡,其中百分之85是在发展中国家。"The human papillomavirus is actually a family of viruses that cause everything from common skin warts to genital warts, and then certain strains of it actually can lead to cervical cancer." 特雷西说:“人类乳头状瘤病毒实际上是一类病毒的总称,它能引起各种问题,从皮肤上长疣,到生殖器长疣,其中某些病毒会导致宫颈癌。”Until a few years ago, the best defense was a pap smear to detect and treat precancerous cells. But giving susceptible women the annual test can be difficult to manage, especially in resource-poor areas. 一直到几年以前,最好的办法就是利用子宫颈抹片检查,来发现和治疗癌前细胞。但是对于风险高的妇女来说,这种每年一次的检查,特别在资源不足的地区,可能难于实行。A vaccine against HPV, which was introduced a few years ago, would seem a much better solution, but only if women get vaccinated.几年前研发出来的一种抗人类乳头状瘤病毒的疫苗似乎是好得多的防治办法。但前提是必须接种这种疫苗。201101/124281。
  • Renewable energy in the north-west美国西北部的可再生能源Tilting at windmills风能发电遇到困难Teething troubles in the clean-energy sector清洁能源领域中的问题开始出现Jun 16th 2011 | SEATTLE | from the print editionTHE melting snows of spring and early summer are justly celebrated by Aaron Copland and Walt Whitman. But they are causing a lot of trouble in the Pacific north-west, as a federal power agency pushes private wind turbines off the grid in what critics call a case of favouritism towards electricity generated by federal dams.春季夏初,冬雪融化,这正是阿隆.柯普兰的音乐和威廉.惠特曼的诗歌中所赞美的时节。但现在融化的冬雪却给太平洋西北岸地区带来了麻烦。因为一家联邦电力机构把私有企业风机发电所产生的热能并出电网,而此举被批评人士看成对联邦水电站的一次政策性偏移。The region’s wind power companies are enraged and are petitioning the regulators. Encouraged by politicians and their subsidies, they have invested hundreds of millions of dollars over the past six years on a 14-fold increase in generating capacity.But this year, as an unusually large snowmelt surges into the rivers of Oregon and Washington, the wind lobby is howling about government perfidy. “You can’t trust the guy who is running the grid,” says Robert Kahn, executive director of the Northwest amp; Intermountain Power Producers Coalition.这一下激怒了当地的风力发电公司,他们正在向政策制定者请愿。这些公司在政客鼓动和政府津贴的诱惑下,在过去的6年间投入了数以百万美元,电力产能因此翻了14倍。但在今年,随着罕见的冬雪大量融化,涌入俄勒岗州和华盛顿州的河水流域中,风能发电的游说者对政府的出尔反尔大诉苦水。西北及内陆电力联盟的执行经理,罗伯特.卡恩就抱怨道:“你没法相信管理供电网络的人。”The guy in question is the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA), a venerable federal bureaucracy that markets power from 31 federal dams in the Columbia river basin. Thanks to monstrous chunks of concrete like Grand Coulee Dam, completed 70 years ago and still the largest hydroelectric facility in North America, the north-west gets more of its power from hydro than any other region of the ed States.卡恩所指的是邦纳维尔电力局,它是一所受人尊敬的联邦机构,管理着哥伦比亚河域盆地31座联邦水坝所发出电力的市场销售。70年前建造的大古力水坝,凭借其庞大坚固的建筑结构,至今仍为北美洲最大的水力发电站。而美国西北部水力发电供电量要比美国其它地区都多。201106/141906。
  • Giving Up College Dreams For many middle class families, the price of enrolling their children in college is becoming too expensive to afford. Kelly Wallace has more on the question of affordability. 19-year-old Vanessa Massarotti was accepted at her top choice private four-year university, but for economic reasons, had to enroll instead in Brookdale Community college. Financially,I have brother and sister in college also, so, it was really hard, so, we'd just stand up and come to Brookdale, save money. Like Vanessa, more students may be squeezed out of their dream school or college in general for a public four-year-college; tuition has skyrocketed from ,600 20 years ago to nearly 7,000 now, for a private school, from 8,000 to 25,000 dollars. For a long time, we just thought about they are poor, but now many middle class students can’t go. The tuition is just too high. A new education report card found that families making less than 19,000 dollars a year doled out 39% of their income on public college cost in 1999, that number jumped to a whopping 55% in 2007. The share for middle class families making less than 90,000 dollars also climbed from 18 to a hefty 25%. While families making more than 90,000 saw the lowest increase, form 7 to 9%. And the problem is only likely to get worse, historically education experts say during tough economic times, states tend to cut college budgets which sends tuitions out. I think it’s gonna be very interesting to see if states, that have relatively high instate tuitions, if they’re not gonna lose students to other states that have lower costs. I knew money is still always gonna be an issue. Vanessa’s college dream ultimately will be determined by her family’s bottom line. Kelly Waller, CBS news, New York.200812/58412。
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